Albuminuria

Publication Title: 
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao = Journal of Southern Medical University

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) and hyperuricemia with macrovascular atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: Ninety-seven type 2 diabetic patients were divided into two groups according to the UAER, namely group A with UAER between 20 and 200 microg/min (n=63) and group B with UAER > or = 200 microg/min (n=34); the patients were also classified into hyperuricemia group (group C, n=59) and normal blood uric acid (BUA) group (group D, n=38).

Author(s): 
Fu, Jian-Fang
Zhang, Nan-Yan
Tu, Yan-yang
Wang, Li
Gao, Bin
Ma, Xiao-ju
Li, Xiao-miao
Ji, Qiu-he
Publication Title: 
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether limited joint mobility (LJM) is associated with microalbuminuria in type I diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Joint mobility was measured in a control group of 63 healthy subjects and in 63 type I diabetic patients, older than 18 years (mean 31.7 years, range 18-57), recruited from the outpatient clinic of the Endocrine Unit. Patients with established diabetic nephropathy (proteinuria or increased creatinine) were excluded.

Author(s): 
Montaña, E.
Rozadilla, A.
Nolla, J. M.
Gomez, N.
Escofet, D. R.
Soler, J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism: JPEM

One hundred and twenty-nine (87%) of a total county population of 150 eligible diabetic children together with 144 age- and sex-matched control children participated in a longitudinal, epidemiological study of the evolution of diabetic microvascular disease. At enrollment the median (range) age of the diabetic children was 12.5 (3.7-16.8) years with a median diabetes duration of 2.9 (0.1-13.4) years and a median HbAl of 11.1 (6.8-17.9)%.

Author(s): 
Karavanaki, K.
Baum, J. D.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Curcumin has anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-proliferative properties, and depending upon the experimental circumstances, may be pro- or anti-apoptotic. Many of these biological actions could ameliorate diabetic nephropathy. METHODS/DESIGN: Mouse podocytes, cultured in basal or high glucose conditions, underwent acute exposure to curcumin. Western blots for p38-MAPK, COX-2 and cleaved caspase-3; isoelectric focusing for HSP25 phosphorylation; and DNase I assays for F- to G- actin cleavage were performed for in vitro analyses.

Author(s): 
Ma, Jun
Phillips, Lynetta
Wang, Ying
Dai, Tiane
LaPage, Janine
Natarajan, Rama
Adler, Sharon G.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

This study examined renal and glycemic effects of chromium picolinate [Cr(pic)3] supplementation in the context of its purported potential for DNA damage. In preventional protocol, male obese diabetic db/db mice were fed diets either lacking or containing 5, 10 or 100 mg/kg chromium as Cr(pic)3 from 6 to 24 weeks of age; male lean nondiabetic db/m mice served as controls.

Author(s): 
Mozaffari, Mahmood S.
Baban, Babak
Abdelsayed, Rafik
Liu, Jun Yao
Wimborne, Hereward
Rodriguez, Nancy
Abebe, Worku
Publication Title: 
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao = Journal of Southern Medical University

OBJECTIVE: To study the therapeutic effect of traditional Chinese herbal medicinal preparation Tangshenqing (TSQ) combined with alprostadil in the treatment of early- and intermediate-stage diabetic nephropathy (DN). METHODS: One hundred and twenty DN patients were randomized into 3 groups for different treatment protocols.

Author(s): 
Zhao, Ling
Lan, Liu-gui
Min, Xiao-li
Lu, Ai-hua
Zhu, Li-qun
He, Xiao-hong
He, Ling-jie
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To observe the preventive and therapeutic effects of Yishen Huanji Decoction (YSHJD), a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on military overtraining-induced kidney injury in a rat model. METHODS: Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group, untreated group and YSHJD-treated group. The military overtraining-induced kidney injury in rats was established by forcing to run on the treadmill for 8 weeks. The rats in YSHJD-treated group were administered with YSHJD at the same time.

Author(s): 
Chen, Hong
Yang, Jun
Zhou, Chun-hua
Publication Title: 
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association

BACKGROUND: The number of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is continuously growing worldwide. Treatment with traditional Chinese medicine might slow the progression of CKD. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the renal protective effects of the Chinese herb Cordyceps sinensis in rats with 5/6 nephrectomy. Male Sprague-Dawley mice (weighing 150-200 g) were subjected to 5/6 nephrectomy. The rats were divided into three groups: (i) untreated nephrectomized group (OP group, n = 16), (ii) oral administration of C.

Author(s): 
Zhong, Fang
Liu, Xia
Zhou, Qiao
Hao, Xu
Lu, Ying
Guo, Shanmai
Wang, Weiming
Lin, Donghai
Chen, Nan
Publication Title: 
PloS One

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most common causes of end stage renal disease (ESRD) in China, which requires renal replacement therapy. Recent investigations have suggested an essential role of podocyte injury in the initial stage of DN. This study investigated the potential therapeutic role of genipin, an active extract from a traditional Chinese medicine, on progression of DN in diabetic mice induced by intraperitoneally injection of streptozocin (STZ).

Author(s): 
Qiu, Wenjing
Zhou, Yang
Jiang, Lei
Fang, Li
Chen, Lu
Su, Weifang
Tan, Ruoyun
Zhang, Chen-yu
Han, Xiao
Yang, Junwei
Publication Title: 
Journal of Human Hypertension

Exercise and relaxation decrease blood pressure. Qigong is a traditional Chinese exercise consisting of breathing and gentle movements. We conducted a randomised controlled trial to study the effect of Guolin qigong on blood pressure. In all, 88 patients with mild essential hypertension were recruited from the community and randomised to Goulin qigong or conventional exercise for 16 weeks. The main outcome measurements were blood pressure, health status (SF-36 scores), Beck Anxiety and Depression Inventory scores.

Author(s): 
Cheung, B. M. Y.
Lo, J. L. F.
Fong, D. Y. T.
Chan, M. Y.
Wong, S. H. T.
Wong, V. C. W.
Lam, K. S. L.
Lau, C. P.
Karlberg, J. P. E.
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