Alcohol-Related Disorders

Publication Title: 
Criminal behaviour and mental health: CBMH

BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related violence is of major concern to society. Around half of all violent crimes are alcohol related, and yet interventions for alcohol-related violence are under-developed. Often, offenders receive treatment for substance use or violence, but not the two in nexus. AIM: My aim was to conduct a Rapid Evidence Assessment of interventions with a focus on treating established nonsexual violence in the context of alcohol use, to describe the content of these interventions, where they take place and their effectiveness in reducing alcohol problems and/or violence.

Author(s): 
McMurran, Mary
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

OBJECTIVE: The genetic component of alcohol use disorder is substantial, but monozygotic twin discordance indicates a role for nonheritable differences that could be mediated by epigenetics. Despite growing evidence associating epigenetics and psychiatric disorders, it is unclear how epigenetics, particularly DNA methylation, relate to brain function and behavior, including drinking behavior. METHOD: The authors carried out a genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation of 18 monozygotic twin pairs discordant for alcohol use disorder and validated differentially methylated regions.

Author(s): 
Ruggeri, Barbara
Nymberg, Charlotte
Vuoksimaa, Eero
Lourdusamy, Anbarasu
Wong, Cybele P.
Carvalho, Fabiana M.
Jia, Tianye
Cattrell, Anna
Macare, Christine
Banaschewski, Tobias
Barker, Gareth J.
Bokde, Arun L. W.
Bromberg, Uli
B¸chel, Christian
Conrod, Patricia J.
Fauth-B¸hler, Mira
Flor, Herta
Frouin, Vincent
Gallinat, J¸rgen
Garavan, Hugh
Gowland, Penny
Heinz, Andreas
Ittermann, Bernd
Martinot, Jean-Luc
Nees, Frauke
Pausova, Zdenka
Paus, Tom·ö
Rietschel, Marcella
Robbins, Trevor
Smolka, Michael N.
Spanagel, Rainer
Bakalkin, Georgy
Mill, Jonathan
Sommer, Wolfgang H.
Rose, Richard J.
Yan, Jia
Aliev, Fazil
Dick, Danielle
Kaprio, Jaakko
DesriviËres, Sylvane
Schumann, Gunter
IMAGEN Consortium
Publication Title: 
Psychopharmacology

RATIONALE: Recent studies on reinforcer valuation in social situations have informed research on mental illness. Social temporal discounting may be a way to examine effects of social context on the devaluation of delayed reinforcers. In prior research with non-drug-using groups, we demonstrated that individuals discount delayed rewards less rapidly (i.e., value the future more) for a group of which they are a member than they do for themselves alone.

Author(s): 
Bickel, W. K.
Jarmolowicz, D. P.
Mueller, E. T.
Franck, C. T.
Carrin, C.
Gatchalian, K. M.
Publication Title: 
Psychiatria Danubina

OBJECTIVES: There are many evidences of co-morbidity influence on alcohol dependency treatment outcome. We were interested in the question 'Do alcohol dependent patients with different co-occurring mental and medical conditions significantly differ in subjective attributes of well-being and in abstinence rate two years after the end of intensive alcohol dependency treatment'.

Author(s): 
Rus-Makovec, Maja
Cebasek-Travnik, Zdenka
Publication Title: 
Addictive Behaviors

Distress tolerance refers to the degree to which an individual is able to withstand negative psychological and/or physical states. Empirical literature has indicated that lower distress tolerance is associated with a number of negative alcohol and other drug (AOD) use outcomes and psychopathology. Mindfulness meditation focuses on enhancing affect regulation, and may be particularly beneficial for individuals with lower distress tolerance.

Author(s): 
Hsu, Sharon Hsin
Collins, Susan E.
Marlatt, G. Alan
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

It is well known that Complementary Medicine (CM) is extensively used in western countries for the treatment of many afflictions. CM has been recently promoted in addiction treatment. To evaluate CM use in alcohol dependence we planned a mail questionnaire for Italian alcohol services. We sent out 612 questionnaires. Health services that were unable to respond to the questionnaire within a 20-day limit period were contacted by phone and if we obtained agreement to participate in the study the questionnaire was sent by fax. We obtained 312 (51.82%) completed questionnaires.

Author(s): 
Bardazzi, Gabriele
Merluzzi, Jo-Anne
Voller, Fabio
Fontana, Aldo
Abenavoli, Ludovico
Leggio, Lorenzo
Addolorato, Giovanni
Alcohol and Complementary Medicine Research Group of the Italian Society for Alcohol Studies
Publication Title: 
Alcohol and Alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire)

AIMS: Alcohol-related disorders (ARDs) have become an increasing mental health and social challenge in China. Research from China may provide important clinical information for researchers and clinicians around the world. However, most of the Chinese research on ARDs has only been published in Chinese language journals. This article summarizes publications related to treatments for ARDs found in the Chinese literature.

Author(s): 
Tang, Yi-Lang
Hao, Wei
Leggio, Lorenzo
Publication Title: 
Holistic Nursing Practice

The purpose of this pilot study is to examine the efficacy of Therapeutic Touch (TT) as a form of treatment intervention with persons who abuse alcohol and/or other drugs. A between-subjects design compared treatment outcomes of three groups of alcohol and other drug abusers over five months.

Author(s): 
Hagemaster, J.
Publication Title: 
Alcohol and Alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire)

AIMS: Alcohol-related disorders (ARDs) have become an increasing mental health and social challenge in China. Research from China may provide important clinical information for researchers and clinicians around the world. However, most of the Chinese research on ARDs has only been published in Chinese language journals. This article summarizes publications related to treatments for ARDs found in the Chinese literature.

Author(s): 
Tang, Yi-Lang
Hao, Wei
Leggio, Lorenzo
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