Alcoholic Beverages

Publication Title: 
Lancet

The low rate of coronary heart disease (CHD) in France compared with other developed countries with comparable dietary intake has been called the French paradox. We explored this paradox by looking at alcohol, diet, and mortality data from 21 developed, relatively affluent countries in the years 1965, 1970, 1980, and 1988. We assessed wine, beer, and spirits intake separately. France had the highest wine intake and the highest total alcohol intake, and the second lowest CHD mortality rate.

Author(s): 
Criqui, M. H.
Ringel, B. L.
Publication Title: 
Sozial- Und Pr‰ventivmedizin

OBJECTIVES: Several studies have identified negative health lifestyles as a primary determinant of the mortality crisis in Europe's post-communist states, but little is known about Ukraine. In order to address this gap in the literature, this paper provides data on Ukrainian health lifestyles. METHODS: Data were collected by face-to-face interviews in the households (N = 2 400) of a random sample of respondents in Ukraine in November, 2001. The sample was selected using multi-stage random sampling with stratification by region and area (urban/rural).

Author(s): 
Cockerham, William C.
Hinote, Brian P.
Abbott, Pamela
Haerpfer, Christian
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: The need to gain insight into prevailing eating patterns and their health effects is evident. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify dietary patterns and their relation to total mortality in older Dutch women. DESIGN: A principal component analysis of 22 food groups was used to identify dietary patterns in 5427 women aged 60-69 y who were included in the Dutch European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Elderly cohort (follow-up: approximately 8.2 y). Mortality ratios for 3 major principal components were assessed by using Cox proportional hazard analysis.

Author(s): 
Waijers, Patricia M. C. M.
Ocké, Marga C.
van Rossum, Caroline T. M.
Peeters, Petra H. M.
Bamia, Christina
Chloptsios, Yiannis
van der Schouw, Yvonne T.
Slimani, Nadia
Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas
Publication Title: 
BMC public health

BACKGROUND: Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has become an integral element of how the alcohol industry promotes itself. The existing analyses of CSR in the alcohol industry point to the misleading nature of these CSR practices. Yet, research has been relatively sparse on how the alcohol industry advances CSR in an attempt to facilitate underlying business interests, and in what ways the ongoing display of industry CSR impacts public health.

Author(s): 
Yoon, Sungwon
Lam, Tai-Hing
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

The purpose of this study was to examine the association of public and private domains of religiosity and adolescent health-related outcomes using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), a nationally representative sample of American adolescents in grades 7-12. The public religiosity variable combines two items measuring frequency of attendance at religious services and frequency of participation in religious youth group activities. The private religiosity variable combines two items measuring frequency of prayer and importance of religion.

Author(s): 
Nonnemaker, James M.
McNeely, Clea A.
Blum, Robert Wm
National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

The purpose of this study was to examine the association of public and private domains of religiosity and adolescent health-related outcomes using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), a nationally representative sample of American adolescents in grades 7-12. The public religiosity variable combines two items measuring frequency of attendance at religious services and frequency of participation in religious youth group activities. The private religiosity variable combines two items measuring frequency of prayer and importance of religion.

Author(s): 
Nonnemaker, James M.
McNeely, Clea A.
Blum, Robert Wm
National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
Publication Title: 
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention: A Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology

Naturopathic physicians commonly make dietary and/or dietary supplement recommendations for breast cancer prevention. This placebo-controlled, parallel-arm, pilot study tested the effects of two naturopathic interventions over five menstrual cycles on sex steroid hormones and metabolic markers in 40 healthy premenopausal women.

Author(s): 
Greenlee, Heather
Atkinson, Charlotte
Stanczyk, Frank Z.
Lampe, Johanna W.
Publication Title: 
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology

Sake is an alcoholic beverage of Japan, with a tradition lasting more than 1,300 years; it is produced from rice and water by fermenting with the koji mold Aspergillus oryzae and sake yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Breeding research on sake yeasts was originally developed in Japan by incorporating microbiological and genetic research methodologies adopted in other scientific areas. Since the advent of a genetic paradigm, isolation of yeast mutants has been a dominant approach for the breeding of favorable sake yeasts.

Author(s): 
Kitagaki, Hiroshi
Kitamoto, Katsuhiko
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Four homemade (artisanally manufactured and unrecorded) and seven commercial (industrially manufactured and taxed) alcohol products from Vietnam were collected and chemically analyzed for toxicologically relevant substances. The majority of both types had alcohol contents between 30 and 40% vol. Two homemade samples contained significantly higher concentrations of 45 and 50% vol. In one of these homemade samples the labeled alcoholic strength was exceeded by nearly 20% vol.

Author(s): 
Lachenmeier, Dirk W.
Anh, Pham Thi Hoang
Popova, Svetlana
Rehm, Jürgen
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