Alcoholism

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

In 1977 the American Psychiatric Association called for a critical examination of the clinical effectiveness of meditation. The author provides a review of the literature bearing on clinical and physiological comparisons of meditation with other self-control strategies. He begins by providing a definition of mediation and then cites the literature comparing mediation with such self-regulation strategies as biofeedback, hypnosis, and progressive relaxation.

Author(s): 
Shapiro, D. H.
Publication Title: 
Psychological Medicine

BACKGROUND: Mindfulness meditation (MM) practices constitute an important group of meditative practices that have received growing attention. The aim of the present paper was to systematically review current evidence on the neurobiological changes and clinical benefits related to MM practice in psychiatric disorders, in physical illnesses and in healthy subjects. METHOD: A literature search was undertaken using Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, the Cochrane collaboration database and references of retrieved articles.

Author(s): 
Chiesa, A.
Serretti, A.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

In 1977 the American Psychiatric Association called for a critical examination of the clinical effectiveness of meditation. The author provides a review of the literature bearing on clinical and physiological comparisons of meditation with other self-control strategies. He begins by providing a definition of mediation and then cites the literature comparing mediation with such self-regulation strategies as biofeedback, hypnosis, and progressive relaxation.

Author(s): 
Shapiro, D. H.
Publication Title: 
Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture has been used in the treatment of substance-related disorders for the past 30 years. However, a systematic review to assess the effect of various types of acupuncture for alcohol dependence has not yet been performed. The present systematic review assessed the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: Nineteen electronic databases, including English, Korean, Japanese, and Chinese databases, were systematically searched for RCTs of acupuncture for alcohol dependence up to June 2008 with no language restrictions.

Author(s): 
Cho, Seung-Hun
Whang, Wei-Wan
Publication Title: 
Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture has been used in the treatment of substance-related disorders for the past 30 years. However, a systematic review to assess the effect of various types of acupuncture for alcohol dependence has not yet been performed. The present systematic review assessed the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: Nineteen electronic databases, including English, Korean, Japanese, and Chinese databases, were systematically searched for RCTs of acupuncture for alcohol dependence up to June 2008 with no language restrictions.

Author(s): 
Cho, Seung-Hun
Whang, Wei-Wan
Publication Title: 
British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Ed.)
Author(s): 
Doll, R.
Publication Title: 
International Surgery

Diet is linked to the etiology of about 50% of all cancers, acting as a promoter, in the multi-step pathogenesis of cancer. Research indicates that a high-fat and low-fiber diet increases the risk for some cancers. The aim is to have people eat a low-fat diet of 25% or less of total daily calories and a high-fiber diet of 20-30 gm/daily. Research also indicates that a lack of host resistance increases the risk for cancer, acting as a promoter.

Author(s): 
Leis, H. P.
Publication Title: 
Circulation

Human high density lipoprotein (HDL) contains at least two types of lipoprotein-containing A-I particles: one contains both apolipoproteins (apo) A-I and A-II (Lp A-I:A-II) as main protein components, whereas in the other, apo A-II is absent (Lp A-I). The two subpopulations have different metabolisms and physiological roles. Studies indicate that apo A-II is an antagonist of cholesterol efflux. Lp A-I but not Lp A-I:A-II is increased in women compared with men. The lower apo A-I levels in patients with coronary artery disease reflect a decrease in Lp A-I.

Author(s): 
Fruchart, J. C.
Ailhaud, G.
Bard, J. M.
Publication Title: 
Dysphagia

This study reviewed the medical records of 19 patients with a diagnosis of Parkinson's disease listed on the death certificate who died between June 1985 and July 1990. The presence or absence of dementia separated the patients into two groups. The study examined the age at time of death, number and type of secondary diagnoses, frequency of dysphagia diagnosis, and therapeutic dietary differences. The presence of dementia did not influence the age at time of death. Dysphagia was a common diagnosis for each group.

Author(s): 
Bine, J. E.
Frank, E. M.
McDade, H. L.
Publication Title: 
European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP)

Chronic deficiency of various vitamins can influence the occurrence of some chronic degenerative diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular pathology, cataract, arthritis, disorders of the nervous system and photosensitivity. Similarly, vitamin intake can influence various disorders in infants and elderly people, in burns and in subjects following unbalanced diets or undergoing strenuous physical exercise. Among vitamins, beta-carotene, vitamin E and vitamin C have received most attention, particularly in the prevention of oxidative damage from free radicals.

Author(s): 
Filiberti, R.
Giacosa, A.
Brignoli, O.

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