Chromone alkaloids and flavoalkaloids are an important group of natural products possessing promising medicinal properties. A chromone alkaloid rohitukine is a major bioactive chemical constituent of plant Dysoxylum binectariferum (Meliaceae) Hook. which is phylogenetically related to the Ayurvedic plant, D. malabaricum Bedd. used for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. This chromone alkaloid led to discovery of two synthetic flavoalkaloids: flavopiridol (Sanofi) and P-276-00 (Piramal) which have reached to advanced stages of clinical development for cancer treatment.
INTRODUCTION: Gymnema sylvestre, with gymnemic acids as active pharmacological constituents, is a popular ayurvedic herb and has been used to treat diabetes, as a remedy for cough and as a diuretic. However, very few analytical methods are available for quality control of this herb and its marketed formulations. OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a new, rapid, sensitive and selective HPLC-ESI (electrospray ionisation)-MS/MS method for quantitative estimation of gymnemagenin in G. sylvestre and its marketed formulations.
In India, Ayurveda has made a major contribution to the drug discovery process with new means of identifying active compounds. Recent advancement in bioavailability enhancement of drugs by compounds of herbal origin has produced a revolutionary shift in the way of therapeutics. Thus, bibliographic investigation was carried out by analyzing classical text books and peer-reviewed papers, consulting worldwide-accepted scientific databases from last 30 years.
Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Adhatoda vasica Nees, Acanthaceae, is well known plant in Ayurveda and Unani medicine. The purpose of this study was to characterize the most bioactive phytochemicals viz., vasicine, vasicinone, vasicine acetate, 2-acetyl benzyl amine, vasicinolone present in the chloroform fraction having anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities. The anti-inflammatory activity was tested by using carrageenan and CFA-model induced paw oedema. The antimicrobial activity of isolated compounds was assessed by using the microdilution method.
CONTEXT: The roots of Aerva lanata Linn. (Amaranthaceae) (AL) are employed traditionally as an antihyperglycaemic in the Ayurvedic system of medicine. OBJECTIVE: The present investigation is focus for identification and isolation of the bioactive compound from methanol roots extract of AL against streptozocin-nicotinamide induced elevated serum glucose level in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methanol extract of the roots was fractionated using different solvents. The partially purified alkaloid basified toluene fraction (PPABTF) showed the presence of alkaloids.
Boerhaavia diffusa is a traditional herbal medicine extensively used in the Ayurveda and Unani forms of medicine in India and many parts of the world. Different parts of the plant are used as an appetizer, alexiteric, eye tonic, for flushing out the renal system, and to treat blood pressure. This study was conducted to evaluate the in vivo genotoxic and/or antigenotoxic potential of punarnavine, a separated alkaloid from the root of B. diffusa using toxicity studies (OECD guideline 474, 1997).
Curcumin and piperine are proven for their potent medicinal benefits to treat various diseases and they are most commonly used combination in various Indian systems of medicine such as Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani. The objective of the present work is to develop a simultaneous estimation of curcumin and piperine by reverse phase Ultra-fast liquid chromatographic (RP-UFLC) method.
Churnas are an important group of formulations used by traditional physicians to treat various types of diseases. The principle of using a churna is based on the fact that the therapeutic value of most substances greatly increases when they are reduced to a very fine state of subdivision. Catpusphadhya churna, as per the Ayurvedic system of Indian medicine, is used for acute rheumatoid arthritis. In the present study, an attempt was made to develop an HPTLC method for the quantitative determination of piperine, embeline, and carvone in a laboratory-prepared formulation.
Justicia adhatoda (vasaka) leaves have long been used in Indian Ayurvedic system of medicine as antitussive. Its crude extract has been previously reported to have hepatoprotective activity. Vasicinone was isolated from leaves of J. adhatoda, column purified and characterized using, TLC UV, FT-IR and 1H NMR. The isolated vasicinone was evaluated for hepatoprotective activity using (CCl4)-induced acute hepatotoxicity model in mice. CCl4 treatments lead to significant increase in SGOT, SGPT, ALP levels.
Dietary supplements that contain Ma Huang (ephedra alkaloids) and guarana (caffeine) are widely marketed and used in the U.S. for weight loss and athletic performance enhancement, despite a lack of adequate research on the pharmacology of these botanical stimulants. We developed and applied a novel liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) method to quantitate the various ephedra alkaloids found in dietary supplements that contain Ephedra species.