Anal Canal

Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine

Expert opinion in child abuse has received considerable bad press and currently public confidence in this area of medical practice is low. Media interest has focused most on the diagnosis of factitious illness. However doctors who examine children in respect of proceedings arising from suspected sexual abuse should be mindful this area is potentially just as problematic. Widely different rates of abnormal findings have been reported. At least in part this has reflected inconsistency in interpretation.

Author(s): 
Pillai, Mary
Publication Title: 
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Author(s): 
Day, W. A.
Publication Title: 
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum

In this study five volunteers with special training in anal sphincter exercise (Scandinavian Yoga School) managed voluntarily to reduce anal pressure. The mean reduction of anal pressure was 20 mm Hg. In one of the subjects, this was shown by manometry during low spinal anesthesia and electromyography to be caused by relaxation of the external anal sphincter.

Author(s): 
Brodén, G.
Dolk, A.
Frostell, C.
Nilsson, B.
Holmström, B.
Publication Title: 
Reproductive Toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.)

There is now considerable interest in the intestinally derived soy isoflavone metabolite, equol, which occurs in the enantiomeric forms, S-(-)equol and R-(+)equol, both differing in biological actions. Little is known about effects of either enantiomer on reproductive development, yet such knowledge is fundamental because of the recent commercialization of S-(-)equol as a dietary supplement. S-(-)equol and R-(+)equol were therefore investigated to determine their effects on reproductive development and fertility in the Sprague-Dawley rat.

Author(s): 
Brown, Nadine M.
Lindley, Stephanie L.
Witte, David P.
Setchell, Kenneth D. R.
Publication Title: 
Reproductive Toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.)

There is now considerable interest in the intestinally derived soy isoflavone metabolite, equol, which occurs in the enantiomeric forms, S-(-)equol and R-(+)equol, both differing in biological actions. Little is known about effects of either enantiomer on reproductive development, yet such knowledge is fundamental because of the recent commercialization of S-(-)equol as a dietary supplement. S-(-)equol and R-(+)equol were therefore investigated to determine their effects on reproductive development and fertility in the Sprague-Dawley rat.

Author(s): 
Brown, Nadine M.
Lindley, Stephanie L.
Witte, David P.
Setchell, Kenneth D. R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung I Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Author(s): 
Wang, Wei
Zhang, Jingyun
Publication Title: 
BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology

OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible differences in operative delivery rate among low-risk women, randomised to an alongside midwifery-led unit or to standard obstetric units within the same hospital. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Østfold Hospital Trust, Tromsø, Norway. POPULATION: A total of 1111 women assessed to be at low risk at onset of spontaneous labour. METHODS: Randomisation into one of three birth units: the special unit; the normal unit; or the midwife-led unit.

Author(s): 
Bernitz, S.
Rolland, R.
Blix, E.
Jacobsen, M.
Sjøborg, K.
Øian, P.
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