Analgesia

Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of yoga as a treatment option for any type of pain. METHOD: Seven databases were searched from their inception to February 2011. Randomized clinical trials were considered if they investigated yoga in patients with any type of pain and if they assessed pain as a primary outcome measure. The 5-point Jadad scale was used to assess methodological quality of studies. The selection of studies, data extraction and quality assessment were performed independently by two reviewers.

Author(s): 
Posadzki, Paul
Ernst, Edzard
Terry, Rohini
Lee, Myeong Soo
Publication Title: 
Annales Francaises D'anesthesie Et De Reanimation

Analgesia and hypnosis are two separate entities and should result in distinct assessment and management for patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). Those patients are exposed to moderate-severe pain and they are likely to remember pain as one bothersome experience. Any cause of patient discomfort is sought with the priority given to pain and adequate analgesia. Assessing pain must rely upon the use of clinical scoring systems, although these instruments are still underused in ICU.

Author(s): 
Payen, J.-F.
Chanques, G.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Over the past two decades, hypnoanalgesia has been widely studied; however, no systematic attempts have been made to determine the average size of hypnoanalgesic effects or establish the generalizability of these effects from the laboratory to the clinic. This study examines the effectiveness of hypnosis in pain management, compares studies that evaluated hypnotic pain reduction in healthy volunteers vs.

Author(s): 
Montgomery, G. H.
DuHamel, K. N.
Redd, W. H.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Behavioral Medicine

This article reviews controlled trials of hypnotic treatment for chronic pain in terms of: (1) analyses comparing the effects of hypnotic treatment to six types of control conditions; (2) component analyses; and (3) predictor analyses. The findings indicate that hypnotic analgesia produces significantly greater decreases in pain relative to no-treatment and to some non-hypnotic interventions such as medication management, physical therapy, and education/advice.

Author(s): 
Jensen, Mark
Patterson, David R.
Publication Title: 
Pain Medicine (Malden, Mass.)

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine which analgesic modalities used following discharge have the greatest efficacy in reducing postoperative pain after elective non-axial orthopedic surgery. DESIGN AND SETTING: A systematic review was conducted using the databases CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and EMBASE, as well as clinical practice guidelines databases and trial registries. Titles and abstracts were perused by two reviewers for randomized clinical trials in English fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Roberts, Matthew
Brodribb, Wendy
Mitchell, Geoffrey
Publication Title: 
Headache

Acupuncture, traditional Chinese needle therapy, has become widely used for the relief of headache. The history of the practice of acupuncture in the United States and the theoretical framework for acupuncture in Chinese medicine are reviewed. The basic scientific background and clinical application of acupuncture in the headache management are discussed.

Author(s): 
Zhao, Chong-Hao
Stillman, Mark J.
Rozen, Todd D.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Various methods of sedation and analgesia have been used for pain relief during oocyte recovery in IVF/ICSI procedures. The choice of agents has also been influenced by quality of analgesia as well as by concern about possible detrimental effects on reproductive outcome. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of conscious sedation and analgesia versus alternative methods on pregnancy outcomes and pain relief in patients undergoing transvaginal oocyte retrieval.

Author(s): 
Kwan, I.
Bhattacharya, S.
Knox, F.
McNeil, A.
Publication Title: 
Fertility and Sterility

OBJECTIVE: To review systematically the use of acupuncture in the management of subfertility. DESIGN: A computer search was performed via several English and Chinese databases to identify journals relevant to the subject. RESULT(S): The positive effect of acupuncture in the treatment of subfertility may be related to the central sympathetic inhibition by the endorphin system, the change in uterine blood flow and motility, and stress reduction.

Author(s): 
Ng, Ernest Hung Yu
So, Wing Sze
Gao, Jing
Wong, Yu Yeuk
Ho, Pak Chung
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Various methods of conscious sedation and analgesia have been used for pain relief during oocyte recovery in in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedures. The choice of agent has also been influenced by the quality of sedation and analgesia as well as by concerns about possible detrimental effects on reproductive outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of different methods of conscious sedation and analgesia on pain relief and pregnancy outcomes in women undergoing transvaginal oocyte retrieval.

Author(s): 
Kwan, Irene
Bhattacharya, Siladitya
Knox, Fiona
McNeil, Alex
Publication Title: 
Pain Practice: The Official Journal of World Institute of Pain

BACKGROUND: Pain intensity after craniotomy is considered to be moderate to severe during the first 2 postoperative days. The ideal pain treatment to facilitate a rapid postoperative recovery and optimize outcome is unknown. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aims to report current clinical evidence related to pharmacological and adjuvant analgesic modalities for postcraniotomy pain control. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (January 2011 to April 2016).

Author(s): 
Tsaousi, Georgia G.
Logan, Simon W.
Bilotta, Federico

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