EuroIntervention: Journal of EuroPCR in Collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology
Many patients will experience a return of symptoms after their initial revascularisation procedure necessitating secondary revascularisation (SR). The options for this second procedure are inherently influenced by the primary method adopted for revascularisation. Patients with single vessel disease are most suited to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for both primary and secondary revascularisation.
A chronic coronary occlusion consists of an atherosclerotic plaque and one or several thrombi. It clinically imitates a tight stenosis but is exempt from the risk of truly unstable angina or myocardial infarction. Hence, quality of life is at stake and not longevity. This holds true for balloon angioplasty as well as for surgery. Indications for angioplasty are based on an estimate of technical difficulties and clinical risks balanced against potential subjective benefit and amount of viable myocardium concerned.
Inquiry: A Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
This paper applies instrumental variable (IV) techniques and estimates the average benefits of invasive surgical treatments for marginal acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients by insurance coverage. The study uses data from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), State Inpatient Databases for the state of Washington, for years 1988-1993. We observed differences in average benefits for marginal patients across insurance subpopulations that cannot be explained by differences in measured clinical circumstances.
The reuse of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) balloon catheters has recently been proposed as a way of containing costs. Our aim was to examine patient acceptability of this strategy. We asked 100 consecutive patients scheduled for potential or definite PTCA whether they would permit the use of sterilized, reused balloon catheters. We collected demographic, clinical, angiographic, and insurance-status data on all patients. Sixty-eight patients responded that they would have allowed reused equipment (group 1). Thirty-two patients would have refused (group 2).
In this study, 16 patients matched with 16 controls were hypnotized prior to angioplasty. The hypnotized patients had a 25% increase in the time the cardiologist was able to keep the balloon inflated compared to the controls. Of the hypnotized patients, 13% required additional narcotic pain medication during the procedure as compared to 44% for the controls.
Forty-six patients were randomized to receive drug (group 1) or hypnotic sedation (group 2) during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Intracoronary and standard electrocardiograms were continuously registered, and heart rate spectral variability was studied. Normalized units of low- and high-frequency components and the ratio of low to high frequency were measured during balloon inflations.
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for unstable coronary syndromes have substantial emotional and spiritual distress that may promote procedural complications. Noetic (nonpharmacologic) therapies may reduce anxiety, pain and distress, enhance the efficacy of pharmacologic agents, or affect short- and long-term procedural outcomes.
We studied the relationship between mood and mood shift immediately before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and 3 end points: total ischemic burden during PCI, adverse cardiac end points (ACE) after PCI, and death by 6-month follow up. Patients (n = 119) with unstable angina or myocardial infarction completed a visual analog scale (VAS) twice before PCI; before and after a session of stress relaxation, imagery, or touch; or approximately 30 minutes apart for patients assigned to prayer or to standard care.
BACKGROUND: Many common medical, surgical, and diagnostic procedures performed for conscious patients can be accompanied by significant anxiety. Mind-body-spirit interventions could serve as useful adjunctive treatments for the reduction of stress.