Angiosperms

Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: The last comprehensive review of experimental research on effects of homeopathic treatments on plants was published in 1984, and lacked formal predefined criteria to assess study quality. Since then several new studies with more advanced methods have been published. OBJECTIVES: To compile a review of the literature on basic research in homeopathy with healthy plants with particular reference to studies investigating specific effects of homeopathic remedies.

Author(s): 
Majewsky, Vera
Arlt, Sebastian
Shah, Devika
Scherr, Claudia
Jäger, Tim
Betti, Lucietta
Trebbi, Grazia
Bonamin, Leoni
Klocke, Peter
Baumgartner, Stephan
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Symplocos racemosa Roxb. belongs to a unigeneric family Symplocaceae, known as lodhra in Sanskrit; is a small evergreen tree, found throughout the tropical and sub-tropical countries. Ethnobotanical literature indicates use of S. racemosa in treatment of eye disease, skin diseases, ear diseases, liver and bowel complaints, tumors, uterine disorders, spongy and bleeding gums, asthma, fever, snake-bite, gonorrhea and arthritis. The main aim of this review is to provide detailed phytopharmacological profile on S.

Author(s): 
Acharya, Niyati
Acharya, Sanjeev
Shah, Unnati
Shah, Ripal
Hingorani, Lal
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

To identify promising sources of antioxidants, some food and medicinal plants were studied for total phenolic contents and antioxidant activity. The leaves, bark and fruits of Terminalia arjuna, Terminalia bellerica, Terminalia chebula and Terminalia muelleri, the leaves and fruits of Phyllanthus emblica, and the seeds of Syzygium cumini were found to have high total phenolic contents (72.0-167.2 mg/g) and high antioxidant activity (69.6-90.6%).

Author(s): 
Bajpai, Monika
Pande, Anurag
Tewari, S. K.
Prakash, Dhan
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

Fifteen fruits commonly used by the ethnic population in Nepal were studied for the antioxidant activity and total polyphenol content (TPC). Among them, Terminalia bellirica, Terminalia chebula, Phyllanthus emblica and Spondias pinnata were the most potent antioxidants as compared with vitamin C based on the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl radical assay. These fruits also contained high TPCs. Spondias pinnata, Pyrularia edulis, Melastoma malabathricum, Cipadema bacifera and Choerospondias axillaries fruits were evaluated for the first time.

Author(s): 
Chalise, Jaya Prakash
Acharya, Kalpana
Gurung, Nirmala
Bhusal, Ram Prasad
Gurung, Reenu
Skalko-Basnet, Natasa
Basnet, Purusotam
Publication Title: 
African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines: AJTCAM

Diabetes mellitus is an endocrinological disorder arising from insulin deficiency or due to ineffectiveness of the insulin produced by the body. This results in high blood glucose and with time, to neurological, cardiovascular, retinal and renal complications. It is a debilitating disease and affects the population of every country of the world. Around 200 million people of the world suffer from this disease and this figure is projected to rise to 300 million in the coming years.

Author(s): 
Rahmatullah, Mohammed
Azam, Md Nur Kabidul
Khatun, Zubaida
Seraj, Syeda
Islam, Farhana
Rahman, Md Atiqur
Jahan, Sharmin
Aziz, Md Shah
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii is well-recognized as an important nosocomial pathogen, however, due to their intrinsic resistance to several antibiotics, treatment options are limited. Synergistic effects between antibiotics and medicinal plants, particularly their active components, have intensively been studied as alternative approaches. METHODS: Fifty-one ethanol extracts obtained from 44 different selected medicinal plant species were tested for resistance modifying agents (RMAs) of novobiocin against A. baumannii using growth inhibition assay.

Author(s): 
Phatthalung, Pinanong Na
Chusri, Sasitorn
Voravuthikunchai, Supayang P.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Egyptians recognized the healing power of herbs and used them in their medicinal formulations. Nowadays, "Attarin" drug shops and the public use mainly the Unani medicinal system for treatment of their health problems including improvement of memory and old age related diseases. Numerous medicinal plants have been described in old literature of Arabic traditional medicine for treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) (or to strengthen memory).

Author(s): 
Ali, Shereen K.
Hamed, Ahmed R.
Soltan, Maha M.
Hegazy, Usama M.
Elgorashi, Esameldin E.
El-Garf, Ibrahim A.
Hussein, Ahmed A.
Publication Title: 
African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines: AJTCAM

BACKGROUND: The present study compares the protective properties of aqueous extracts of six medicinal plants, Phyllanthus emblica, Terminalia chebula (black and yellow), Terminalia arjuna, Balsamodendron Mukul and Alium sativum against lipid per-oxidation in mice brain. METHODS: The antioxidant activities were analyzed by lipid per-oxidation assay, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical assay, total antioxidant activity and metal chelation.

Author(s): 
Khan, Asmatullah
Nazar, Halima
Sabir, Syed Mubashar
Irshad, Muhammad
Awan, Shahid Iqbal
Abbas, Rizwan
Akram, Muhammad
Khaliq, Abdul
Rocha, João Batista Texeira
Ahmad, Syed Dilnawaz
Malik, Farnaz
Publication Title: 
Food Chemistry

Wild edible fruits contribute significantly to the nutritional security of mankind across the globe. However, detailed analyses of health promoting bioactive compounds and antioxidants are lacking, especially in Himalayan wild edible fruits.

Author(s): 
Bhatt, Indra D.
Rawat, Sandeep
Badhani, Amit
Rawal, Ranbeer S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American College of Nutrition

Residents of Okinawa, the southernmost prefecture of Japan, are known for their long average life expectancy, high numbers of centenarians, and accompanying low risk of age-associated diseases. Much of the longevity advantage in Okinawa is thought to be related to a healthy lifestyle, particularly the traditional diet, which is low in calories yet nutritionally dense, especially with regard to phytonutrients in the form of antioxidants and flavonoids.

Author(s): 
Willcox, D. Craig
Willcox, Bradley J.
Todoriki, Hidemi
Suzuki, Makoto

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