Animals

Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

INTRODUCTION: Systematic review of the research evidence in veterinary homeopathy has never previously been carried out. This paper presents the search methods, together with categorised lists of retrieved records, that enable us to identify the literature that is acceptable for future systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in veterinary homeopathy. METHODS: All randomised and controlled trials of homeopathic intervention (prophylaxis and/or treatment of disease, in any species except man) were appraised according to pre-specified criteria.

Author(s): 
Mathie, Robert T.
Hacke, Daniela
Clausen, Jürgen
Publication Title: 
BMC veterinary research

BACKGROUND: No systematic review has previously been carried out on randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of veterinary homeopathy in which the control group was an intervention other than placebo (OTP). For eligible peer-reviewed RCTs, the objectives of this study were to assess the risk of bias (RoB) and to quantify the effect size of homeopathic intervention compared with an active comparator or with no treatment. METHODS: Our systematic review approach complied fully with the PRISMA 2009 Checklist.

Author(s): 
Mathie, Robert T.
Clausen, Jürgen
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Targeted research development in veterinary homeopathy is properly informed by the systematic collection and analysis of relevant clinical data obtained by its practitioners. We organised a pilot data collection study, in which 8 Faculty of Homeopathy veterinarians collected practice-based clinical and outcomes data over a 6-month period.

Author(s): 
Mathie, R. T.
Hansen, L.
Elliott, M. F.
Hoare, J.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: The literature on the applications of homeopathy for controlling plant diseases in both plant pathological models and field trials was first reviewed by Scofield in 1984. No other review on homeopathy in plant pathology has been published since, though much new research has subsequently been carried out using more advanced methods. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an up-to-date review of the existing literature on basic research in homeopathy using phytopathological models and experiments in the field.

Author(s): 
Betti, Lucietta
Trebbi, Grazia
Majewsky, Vera
Scherr, Claudia
Shah-Rossi, Devika
Jäger, Tim
Baumgartner, Stephan
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: Meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of veterinary homeopathy has not previously been undertaken. For all medical conditions and species collectively, we tested the hypothesis that the outcome of homeopathic intervention (treatment and/or prophylaxis, individualised and/or non-individualised) is distinguishable from corresponding intervention using placebos. METHODS: All facets of the review, including literature search strategy, study eligibility, data extraction and assessment of risk of bias, were described in an earlier paper.

Author(s): 
Mathie, Robert T.
Clausen, Jürgen
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

To achieve scientific acceptance, homeopathy must investigate several questions: 1. The activity of very highly diluted preparations. The consensus of the meeting was that there is clear evidence of this. 2. The content of very highly diluted homeopathic preparations. More research is needed but evidence exists that a specific signal is present in homeopathic preparations. 3. A theoretical framework in which the effects of homeopathic diluted preparations can be explained. The 'Body Information Theory' is such a theory. 4. The clinical effectiveness of homeopathy.

Author(s): 
Van Wassenhoven, M.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Influenza is a highly infectious viral disease that is particularly common in the winter months. Oscillococcinum® is a patented homeopathic medicine that is made from a 1% solution of wild duck heart and liver extract, which is then serially diluted 200 times with water and alcohol. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether homeopathic Oscillococcinum® is more effective than placebo in the prevention and/or treatment of influenza and influenza-like illness in adults or children.

Author(s): 
Mathie, Robert T.
Frye, Joyce
Fisher, Peter
Publication Title: 
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore Di Sanita

The use of a complementary medicine approach, and specifically of the popular medicine Oscillococcinum, for the treatment of influenza-like syndromes remains controversial. This brief paper analyses the currently available literature on this homeopathic preparation and the Cochrane Collaboration's 2006 systematic review, along with other recent studies, in order to clarify certain fundamental aspects of its use in the treatment of influenza.

Author(s): 
Marrari, Luigi Alberto
Terzan, Laurence
Chaufferin, Gilles
Publication Title: 
The Veterinary Record

A systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of veterinary homeopathy has not previously been undertaken. Using Cochrane methods, this review aims to assess risk of bias and to quantify the effect size of homeopathic intervention compared with placebo for each eligible peer-reviewed trial. Judgement in seven assessment domains enabled a trial's risk of bias to be designated as low, unclear or high. A trial was judged to comprise reliable evidence if its risk of bias was low or was unclear in specified domains.

Author(s): 
Mathie, Robert T.
Clausen, Jürgen
Publication Title: 
Clinical and Experimental Dermatology

This review provides a summary of key findings from 22 systematic reviews on atopic eczema (AE) published over the 2-year period from January 2012 to 31 December 2013, focusing on prevention and treatment of AE. For an update of systematic reviews on the epidemiology, mechanisms of disease and methodological issues, see Part 1 of this update. Based on current systematic review evidence, the most promising intervention for the prevention of AE is the use of probiotics (and possibly prebiotics) during the late stages of pregnancy and early life.

Author(s): 
Madhok, V.
Futamura, M.
Thomas, K. S.
Barbarot, S.

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