Anthracenes

Publication Title: 
FEBS letters

The C-Jun N-terminal Kinase (JNK) inhibitor SP600125 is widely used to inhibit the JNK-mediated Bax activation and cell apoptosis. However, this report demonstrates that SP600125 synergistically enhances the dihydroartemisinin (DHA)-induced human lung adenocarcinoma cell apoptosis by accelerating Bax translocation and subsequent intrinsic apoptotic pathway involving mitochondrial membrane depolarization, cytochrome c release, caspase-9 and caspase-3 activation.

Author(s): 
Lu, Ying-Ying
Chen, Tong-Sheng
Wang, Xiao-ping
Qu, Jun-Le
Chen, Min
Publication Title: 
Journal of Leukocyte Biology

High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) can be actively secreted by macrophages/monocytes in response to exogenous and endogenous inflammatory stimuli (such as bacterial endotoxin, TNF-alpha, IL-1, and IFN-gamma) or passively released by necrotic cells and mediates innate and adaptive inflammatory responses to infection and injury. Here, we demonstrated that a reactive oxygen species, hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), induces active and passive HMGB1 release from macrophage and monocyte cultures in a time- and dose-dependent manner.

Author(s): 
Tang, Daolin
Shi, Yongzhong
Kang, Rui
Li, Tong
Xiao, Weimin
Wang, Haichao
Xiao, Xianzhong
Publication Title: 
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology

CD40 is a costimulatory molecule linking innate and adaptive immune responses to bacterial stimuli, as well as a critical regulator of functions of other costimulatory molecules. The mechanisms regulating lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced CD40 expression have not been adequately characterized in human monocytic cells. In this study we used a human monocytic cell line, THP-1, to investigate the possible mechanisms of CD40 expression following LPS exposure. Exposure to LPS resulted in a dose- and time-dependent increase in CD40 expression.

Author(s): 
Wu, Weidong
Alexis, Neil E.
Chen, Xian
Bromberg, Philip A.
Peden, David B.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Biological Chemistry

Macrophages are essential components of innate immunity, and apoptosis of these cells impairs mucosal defense to microbes. Helicobacter pylori is a gastric pathogen that infects half of the world population and causes peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer. The host inflammatory response fails to eradicate the organism. We have reported that H. pylori induces apoptosis of macrophages by generation of polyamines from ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), which is dependent on c-Myc as a transcriptional enhancer.

Author(s): 
Asim, Mohammad
Chaturvedi, Rupesh
Hoge, Svea
Lewis, Nuruddeen D.
Singh, Kshipra
Barry, Daniel P.
Algood, Holly S.
de Sablet, Thibaut
Gobert, Alain P.
Wilson, Keith T.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Pharmacal Research

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) can induce oxidative injury via iron interactions (i.e. Fenton chemistry and hydroxyl radical formation). Our prior work suggested that American ginseng berry extract and ginsenoside Re were highly cardioprotective against oxidant stress. To extend this study, we evaluated the protective effect of protopanaxadiol-type ginsenoside Rb1 (gRb1) on H(2)O(2)-induced oxidative injury in cardiomyocytes and explored the ROS-mediated intracellular signaling mechanism. Cultured embryonic chick cardiomyocytes (4-5 day) were used.

Author(s): 
Li, Jing
Shao, Zuo-Hui
Xie, Jing-Tian
Wang, Chong-Zhi
Ramachandran, Srinivasan
Yin, Jun-Jie
Aung, Han
Li, Chang-Qing
Qin, Gina
Vanden Hoek, Terry
Yuan, Chun-Su
Publication Title: 
Mutagenesis

Scientific information regarding plants used in folk medicine in the form of teas and their effect on human health or on genetic material has been the subject of many different types of investigation. The antimutagenic activity of two plants Maytenus ilicifolia and Peltastes peltatus, both rich in compounds of the flavonoid and tannin groups and frequently employed in folk medicine, was studied.

Author(s): 
Horn, Rubem Cesar
Vargas, Vera Maria Ferrão
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