Anti-Anxiety Agents

Publication Title: 
Clinical Psychology Review

Although psychiatric comorbidity is common among patients with anxiety disorders, its impact on treatment outcome remains unclear. The present study used meta-analytic techniques to examine the relationship between diagnostic comorbidity and treatment outcome for patients with anxiety disorders. One hundred forty-eight anxiety-disordered treatment samples (combined N=3534) were examined for post-treatment effects from the PsychINFO database.

Author(s): 
Olatunji, Bunmi O.
Cisler, Josh M.
Tolin, David F.
Publication Title: 
International Clinical Psychopharmacology

To our knowledge, no previous meta-analysis has attempted to compare the efficacy of pharmacological, psychological and combined treatments for the three main anxiety disorders (panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and social phobia). Pre-post and treated versus control effect sizes (ES) were calculated for all evaluable randomized-controlled studies (n = 234), involving 37,333 patients.

Author(s): 
Bandelow, Borwin
Reitt, Markus
Röver, Christian
Michaelis, Sophie
Görlich, Yvonne
Wedekind, Dirk
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

OBJECTIVE: Reported cases of multiple personality disorder have increased dramatically in the last decade. Few data are available on the treatment of multiple personality disorder. Current recommendations are based on the experience of individual clinicians rather than on systematic research. METHOD: A questionnaire study of 305 clinicians representing a spectrum of mental health professionals was conducted to survey the types and relative efficacy of treatment modalities currently used with cases of multiple personality disorder.

Author(s): 
Putnam, F. W.
Loewenstein, R. J.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Conversion disorder is an alteration or loss of physical functioning suggestive of a physical disorder that is thought to be due to a psychological stressor or conflict. The fact that many theories about the cause of conversion disorder focus on psychological and social factors would suggest that a psychosocial intervention might be of most benefit. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of psychosocial interventions on people diagnosed with conversion disorder compared with standard care, a biological intervention or another psychosocial intervention.

Author(s): 
Ruddy, R.
House, A.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Clinical hypnosis in cancer settings provides symptom reduction (pain and anxiety) and empowers patients to take an active role in their treatments and procedures. The goal of this paper is to systematically and critically review evidence on the effectiveness of hypnotherapy for emesis, analgesia, and anxiolysis in acute pain, specifically in procedures with an emphasis on the period from 1999 to 2006. Further, it aims to provide a theoretical rationale for the use of hypnosis with cancer populations in the whole spectrum of illness/treatment trajectory in several clinical contexts.

Author(s): 
Néron, Sylvain
Stephenson, Randolph
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychopharmacology (Oxford, England)

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a prevalent and impairing disorder, associated with extensive psychiatric and medical comorbidity and usually characterized by a chronic course. Different drugs have been investigated in GAD; among them are the following: 1) SSRIs: paroxetine, sertraline, fluvoxamine and escitalopram; 2) SNRI1s: venlafaxine; 3) benzodiazepines (BZs): alprazolam, diazepam and lorazepam; 4) azapirones (AZAs): buspirone; 5) antihistamines (AHs): hydroxyzine; 6) pregabalin (PGB); and 7) complementary/alternative medicine (CAM): kava-kava and homeopathic preparation.

Author(s): 
Hidalgo, Rosario B.
Tupler, Larry A.
Davidson, Jonathan R. T.
Publication Title: 
Seminars in Urologic Oncology

There are several other alternative medicines apart from vitamins and minerals that the clinician should be aware of because they have grown in popularity in other fields of medicine. In time, these therapies should impact the arena of urologic oncology. Traditional Chinese Medicine, which includes acupuncture, is an area that has received some attention. The theory behind it can be quite daunting because it is so different from the theory behind Western Medical Science.

Author(s): 
Moyad, M. A.
Hathaway, S.
Ni, H. S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Clitoria ternatea L. (CT) (Family: Fabaceae) commonly known as 'Butterfly pea', a traditional Ayurvedic medicine, has been used for centuries as a memory enhancer, nootropic, antistress, anxiolytic, antidepressant, anticonvulsant, tranquilizing and sedative agent. A wide range of secondary metabolites including triterpenoids, flavonol glycosides, anthocyanins and steroids has been isolated from Clitoria ternatea Linn.

Author(s): 
Mukherjee, Pulok K.
Kumar, Venkatesan
Kumar, N. Satheesh
Heinrich, Micheal
Publication Title: 
Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology

There has been unprecedented interest in the prosocial effects of the neuropeptide oxytocin in humans over the last decade. A range of studies has demonstrated correlations between basal oxytocin levels and the strength of social and bonding behaviors both in healthy individuals and in those suffering from psychiatric disorders. Mounting evidence suggests associations between polymorphisms in the oxytocin receptor gene and prosocial behaviors and there may also be important epigenetic effects.

Author(s): 
Striepens, Nadine
Kendrick, Keith M.
Maier, Wolfgang
Hurlemann, RenÈ
Publication Title: 
Odonto-Stomatologie Tropicale = Tropical Dental Journal

The patient facing the dentist knows fear, anxiety. The symbolism of the mouth and teeth from childhood is an entirely specific nature of the human body. The terrifying image of dental treatment and dentist that has long been stigmatized through painting, literature, theater and cinema can change today.

Author(s): 
Bohl, J. B.
Bracconi, M.
Herve, C.
Pirnay, P.

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