Anti-Infective Agents, Local

Publication Title: 
Sexual Health

OBJECTIVE: To provide an updated review of condom migration as a means of highlighting methodological issues for future studies of this behavioural issue. METHODS: Electronic searches of PubMed, MEDLINE and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases were carried out in October 2010 and updated in January 2011 for English-language articles published from 1994 onward. RESULTS: Evidence addressing condom migration from microbicides and vaccines is vastly underdeveloped, simply because these products are still experimental.

Author(s): 
Crosby, Richard A.
Ricks, Janelle
Young, April
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Molluscum contagiosum is a common skin infection that is caused by a pox virus and occurs mainly in children. The infection usually resolves within months in people without immune deficiency, but treatment may be preferred for social and cosmetic reasons or to avoid spreading the infection. A clear evidence base supporting the various treatments is lacking.This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2006, and updated previously in 2009.

Author(s): 
van der Wouden, Johannes C.
van der Sande, Renske
Kruithof, Emma J.
Sollie, Annet
van Suijlekom-Smit, Lisette Wa
Koning, Sander
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Molluscum contagiosum is a common skin infection, caused by a virus, which will usually resolve within months in people with a normal immune system. Many treatments have been promoted for molluscum contagiosum but a clear evidence base supporting them is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of management strategies (including waiting for natural resolution) for cutaneous, non-genital molluscum contagiosum in healthy people.

Author(s): 
van der Wouden, J. C.
Menke, J.
Gajadin, S.
Koning, S.
Tasche, M. J. A.
van Suijlekom-Smit, L. W. A.
Berger, M. Y.
Butler, C. C.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Molluscum contagiosum is a common skin infection, caused by a pox virus. The infection will usually resolve within months in people with a normal immune system. Many treatments have been used for molluscum contagiosum but a clear evidence base supporting them is lacking.This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review published in Issue 2, 2006. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of management strategies (including waiting for natural resolution) for cutaneous, non-genital molluscum contagiosum in otherwise healthy people.

Author(s): 
van der Wouden, Johannes C.
van der Sande, Renske
van Suijlekom-Smit, Lisette Wa
Berger, Marjolein
Butler, Christopher C.
Koning, Sander
Publication Title: 
Pharmacotherapy

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria are a common cause of hospital- and community-acquired infections. Persons may have asymptomatic colonization with MRSA in the nares, axillae, perineum, or groin. Since MRSA colonization often precedes infection, and infection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, there is great interest in preventing the transmission of MRSA and decolonizing persons who harbor these bacteria. We provide an evidence-based review of MRSA decolonization agents.

Author(s): 
McConeghy, Kevin W.
Mikolich, Dennis J.
LaPlante, Kerry L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

The aqueous extract from Terminalia chebula was tested for its ability to inhibit the growth and some physiological functions of Streptococcus mutans. The extract strongly inhibited the growth, sucrose induced adherence and glucan induced aggregation of S. mutans. Mouthrinsing with a 10% solution of the extract inhibited the salivary bacterial count and salivary glycolysis.

Author(s): 
Jagtap, A. G.
Karkera, S. G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry

OBJECTIVES: Dental caries is the most prevalent oral disease. Streptococcus mutans plays a major role in the occurrence of dental caries. Many antibacterial agents have been developed against dental caries. However, they lack the qualities of an ideal agent. Thus presently, antibacterial activity of herbal agents is being extensively studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, ethanol extract of Terminalia chebula was prepared and mouthrinse was formulated.

Author(s): 
Nayak, S. S.
Ankola, A. V.
Metgud, S. C.
Bolmal, U.
Publication Title: 
Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

PURPOSE: The present study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of Terminalia chebula on plaque and gingival inflammation and compare it with the gold standard chlorhexidine (CHX 0.2%) and distilled water as control (placebo). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A double-blind randomised control trial was conducted among undergraduate students who volunteered. They were randomly allocated into three study groups: 1) Terminalia chebula mouthwash (n = 30); 2) chlorhexidine (active control) (n = 30); 3) distilled water (placebo) (n = 30).

Author(s): 
Gupta, Devanand
Gupta, Rajendra Kumar
Bhaskar, Dara John
Gupta, Vipul
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

Episiotomy is the most common perineal incision in obstetric and midwifery. Nowadays alternative and complementary methods such as Aromatherapy using essential oils are established as an alternative therapy. This research was carried out to assess the effect of lavender oil in wound healing. This randomized control trial was conducted on 120 primiparous women with singleton pregnancy, without any acute and chronic disease and allergy who had undergone normal spontaneous vaginal delivery and episiotomy. They were randomly allocated in case and control groups.

Author(s): 
Vakilian, Katayon
Atarha, Mahtab
Bekhradi, Reza
Chaman, Reza
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research

BACKGROUND: Triphala is a botanical preparation consisting of equal parts of three herbal fruits. Much revered in Ayurveda, triphala has been proven to have antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal actions. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of 6% triphala in a mouthwash formulation on the salivary streptococci levels at the end of 48 h and 7 days, of twice a day usage, and to compare the same with 0.2% chlorhexidine.

Author(s): 
Srinagesh, Jyotsna
Krishnappa, Pushpanjali
Somanna, Shivaraj N.

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