Anti-Inflammatory Agents

Publication Title: 
Food and Chemical Toxicology: An International Journal Published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association

The French paradox is a dietary anomaly which has focused attention on the Mediterranean diet. Epidemiological studies revealed that this diet, replete in flavonoid-rich foods (Allium and Brassica vegetables, and red wine), correlated with the increased longevity and decreased incidence of cardiovascular disease seen in these populations. The most frequently studied flavonoid, quercetin, has been shown to have biological properties consistent with its sparing effect on the cardiovascular system.

Author(s): 
Formica, J. V.
Regelson, W.
Publication Title: 
Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology

Dietary restriction (DR) remains the most powerful and general environmental manipulation of aging processes in laboratory animals with strong beneficial effects on most age-related degenerative changes throughout the body. Underlying the beneficial effects of DR is the attenuation of system-wide inflammatory processes including those occurring within the central nervous system. During normal aging a progressive neuroinflammatory state builds in the brain involving astrocytes and microglia, the primary cellular components of neuroinflammation.

Author(s): 
Morgan, T. E.
Wong, A. M.
Finch, C. E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American College of Nutrition

Residents of Okinawa, the southernmost prefecture of Japan, are known for their long average life expectancy, high numbers of centenarians, and accompanying low risk of age-associated diseases. Much of the longevity advantage in Okinawa is thought to be related to a healthy lifestyle, particularly the traditional diet, which is low in calories yet nutritionally dense, especially with regard to phytonutrients in the form of antioxidants and flavonoids.

Author(s): 
Willcox, D. Craig
Willcox, Bradley J.
Todoriki, Hidemi
Suzuki, Makoto
Publication Title: 
Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego

Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) is a natural phytophenol. It is found in many plants, but the highest concentration was detected in different grape-derived products, especially in red wine. The substance is also an active ingredient of some over-the-counter diet supplements. High resveratrol popularity is a consequence of wide biological properties. Numbers of epidemiological and experimental studies have proved a complex chemiopreventive activity of resveratrol against various cardio-vascular disorders and cancer.

Author(s): 
Fraczek, Ma?gorzata
Szumi?o, Justyna
Podlodowska, Justyna
Burdan, Franciszek
Publication Title: 
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

The Mediterranean diet and consumption of olive oil have been connected in several studies with longevity and a reduced risk of morbidity and mortality. Lifestyle, such as regular physical activity, a healthy diet, and the existing social cohesion in Southern European countries have been recognised as candidate protective factors that may explain the Mediterranean Paradox. Along with some other characteristics of the Mediterranean diet, the use of olive oil as the main source of fat is common in Southern European countries.

Author(s): 
MartÌn-Pel·ez, Sandra
Covas, MarÌa Isabel
FitÛ, Montserrat
Kuöar, Anita
Pravst, Igor
Publication Title: 
Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics

After a 16-week clinical trial of a new anti-inflammatory drug, the participants were given a factual test to determine whether they had understood and remembered the information given them when consent was solicited. They filled out a questionnaire about their reasons for volunteering and their views on clinical studies and on medical practice in general. Demographic information was also obtained. Two thirds of the participants did not remember that they had been informed about potential risk (gastrointestinal ulceration).

Author(s): 
Hassar, M.
Weintraub, M.
Publication Title: 
Arzneimittel-Forschung

Propane-1,2-diol (propylene glycol, PG), considered to be a safe solvent and commonly used as a vehicle in pharmacological and toxicological investigations, showed various neuropsychopharmacological activity in albino mice and rats. In lower concentrations (10-20%), at dose level of 10 ml/kg, PG did not show any significant neuropsychopharmacological activity either by i.p. or p.o. routes. But higher concentrations (50-100%), at same dose level by i.p. route, were found to have moderate to marked effect.

Author(s): 
Singh, P. P.
Junnarkar, A. Y.
Seshagirirao, C.
Kaushal, R.
Naidu, M. U.
Varma, R. K.
Tripathi, R. M.
Shridhar, D. R.
Publication Title: 
BMC pediatrics

BACKGROUND: Management of asthma can be complicated by both medical and psychiatric conditions, such as gastroesophageal reflux, chronic sinusitis, and anxiety. When symptoms of asthma are interpreted without regard to such conditions treatment may yield a suboptimal outcome. For example, anxiety-associated dyspnea, tachypnea, and chest tightness can be mistakenly interpreted as resulting from an exacerbation of asthma. Medical treatment directed only for asthma may thus lead to overuse of asthma medications and increased hospitalizations.

Author(s): 
Anbar, Ran D.
Publication Title: 
American Family Physician

Temporomandibular joint disorders are common in adults; as many as one third of adults report having one or more symptoms, which include jaw or neck pain, headache, and clicking or grating within the joint. Most symptoms improve without treatment, but various noninvasive therapies may reduce pain for patients who have not experienced relief from self-care therapies.

Author(s): 
Buescher, Jennifer J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Galphimia glauca has a long traditional use, and continues to be used in Mexico as a natural tranquilizer for the treatment of Central Nervous System disorders as well as for other illnesses. AIM OF THE STUDY: In 2005 the initial use of metabolic profiling to populations of Galphimia glauca resulted in two of the six collected populations being producers for galphimines, the markers for sedative and anxiolytic activities.

Author(s): 
Sharma, Ashutosh
Cardoso-Taketa, Alexandre
Choi, Young Hae
Verpoorte, Robert
Villarreal, María Luisa

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