Antiemetics

Publication Title: 
Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses

Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) continues to be a common symptom experienced by children undergoing cancer treatment despite the use of contemporary antiemetics. Integrative therapeutic approaches in addition to standard pharmacologic antiemetic regimes offer potential to control CINV. The purpose of this review was to identify current evidence on integrative therapeutic approaches for the control of CINV in children with cancer. Online search engines (PubMed, CINAHL, PsychINFO) were queried using MESH terms.

Author(s): 
Momani, Tha'er G.
Berry, Donna L.
Publication Title: 
Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer

PURPOSE: We aimed to update the 2011 recommendations for the prevention and treatment of anticipatory nausea and vomiting in children and adults receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: The original systematic literature search was updated.

Author(s): 
Dupuis, L. Lee
Roscoe, Joseph A.
Olver, Ian
Aapro, Matti
Molassiotis, Alexander
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting are the most common symptoms experienced in early pregnancy, with nausea affecting between 70 and 85% of women. About half of pregnant women experience vomiting. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different methods of treating nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register (December 2002) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library, Issue 4, 2002).

Author(s): 
Jewell, D.
Young, G.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: There have been recent advances in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting using 5-HT(3) inhibitors and dexamethasone. However, many still experience these symptoms, and expert panels encourage additional methods to reduce these symptoms. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to assess the effectiveness of acupuncture-point stimulation on acute and delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in cancer patients.

Author(s): 
Ezzo, J. M.
Richardson, M. A.
Vickers, A.
Allen, C.
Dibble, S. L.
Issell, B. F.
Lao, L.
Pearl, M.
Ramirez, G.
Roscoe, Ja
Shen, J.
Shivnan, J. C.
Streitberger, K.
Treish, I.
Zhang, G.
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: Using metaanalysis to examine the effects of acustimulations on nausea and vomiting symptoms (NVS) in postoperative adult populations. METHODS: Metaanalyses of effects of various acupoints stimulations (AS) (including acupuncture, acupressure, and electrical stimulation) on NVS in postoperative adult populations were performed. Thirty-three quality randomized controlled trials (RCT) published over the past three decades were identified by evaluating the quality of randomization and treatment methods, and results were pooled using a fixed effects model.

Author(s): 
Shiao, Shyang-Yun Pamela K.
Dune, Linda S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: In 1998, the National Institutes of Health Consensus Statement on Acupuncture concluded that promising results have emerged showing the efficacy of acupuncture in adult postoperative and chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting. The acupuncture point, P6 had been the point used in most of the trials. OBJECTIVES: To summarize Cochrane systematic reviews assessing P6 stimulation for nausea and vomiting. RESULTS: Reviews were found on postoperative sickness, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, and pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting.

Author(s): 
Ezzo, Jeanette
Streitberger, Konrad
Schneider, Antonius
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: Using metaanalysis, we sought to determine acustimulation (AS) effects on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in children. METHODS: Metaanalyses were performed on various acupoint AS effects including acupressure, acupuncture, laser acupuncture, and electrical stimulation (ETS) on PONV in children. On-line databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from 1966 through May 2005. In addition, the reference lists of reviewed papers were scanned for additional trials.

Author(s): 
Dune, Linda S.
Shiao, Shyang-Yun Pamela K.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Anaesthesia

Postoperative vomiting (POV) remains one of the commonest causes of significant morbidity after tonsillectomy in children. A variety of prophylactic anti-emetic interventions have been reported, but there has only been a limited systematic review in this patient group. A systematic search was performed by using Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, MEDLINE and EMBASE to identify double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of prophylactic anti-emetic interventions in children undergoing tonsillectomy, with or without adenoidectomy. The outcome of interest was POV in the first 24 h.

Author(s): 
Bolton, C. M.
Myles, P. S.
Nolan, T.
Sterne, J. A.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are common complications following surgery and anaesthesia. Drugs to prevent PONV are only partially effective. An alternative approach is to stimulate the P6 acupoint on the wrist. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2004. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of P6 acupoint stimulation in preventing PONV.

Author(s): 
Lee, Anna
Fan, Lawrence Ty
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Anaesthesia

Postoperative vomiting (POV) remains one of the commonest causes of significant morbidity after tonsillectomy in children. A variety of prophylactic anti-emetic interventions have been reported, but there has only been a limited systematic review in this patient group. A systematic search was performed by using Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, MEDLINE and EMBASE to identify double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of prophylactic anti-emetic interventions in children undergoing tonsillectomy, with or without adenoidectomy. The outcome of interest was POV in the first 24 h.

Author(s): 
Bolton, C. M.
Myles, P. S.
Nolan, T.
Sterne, J. A.

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