Antigens

Publication Title: 
Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md.: 1950)

It is well accepted that Ag-induced B cell differentiation often results in the generation of exceptionally long-lived plasma cells. Much of the work supporting this viewpoint stems from studies focused on germinal center-derived plasma cells secreting high-affinity isotype-switched Abs in mice immunized with T cell-dependent Ags. In contrast, less attention has been devoted to understanding Ab responses to T cell-independent Ags and pathogens.

Author(s): 
Bortnick, Alexandra
Allman, David
Publication Title: 
Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta

Ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized wildtype (WT) and endotoxin-resistant (ER) mice developed similar degrees of airways eosinophilia and serum OVA-specific IgE levels after acute aerosolized OVA challenge. WT mice demonstrated methacholine hyperreactivity, whereas ER mice showed no change in responsiveness. With chronic aerosolized OVA challenge, both WT and ER mice developed local tolerance, with resolution of airway eosinophilia but persistence of anti-OVA IgE in serum.

Author(s): 
Schramm, C. M.
Guernsey, L.
Secor, E.
Thrall, R. S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md.: 1950)

Although biomechanical signals generated during joint mobilization are vital in maintaining integrity of inflamed cartilage, the molecular mechanisms of their actions are little understood. In an experimental model of arthritis, we demonstrate that biomechanical signals are potent anti-inflammatory signals that repress transcriptional activation of proinflammatory genes and augment expression of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 to profoundly attenuate localized joint inflammation.

Author(s): 
Ferretti, Mario
Gassner, Robert
Wang, Zheng
Perera, Priyangi
Deschner, James
Sowa, Gwendolyn
Salter, Robert B.
Agarwal, Sudha
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: HLXL is a traditional Chinese medicine that has long been used in folk medicine for the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases. However, the precise immunological mechanisms by which HLXL mediates its anti-inflammatory activity are not fully defined. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the effects of HLXL on antigen-specific immune parameters in adjuvant-induced inflammation model in the Lewis rat.

Author(s): 
Rajaiah, Rajesh
Lee, David Y.-W.
Ma, Zhongze
Fan, Arthur Y.
Lao, Lixing
Fong, Harry H. S.
Berman, Brian M.
Moudgil, Kamal D.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Biological Chemistry

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by synovial inflammation and articular damage. Proinflammatory cytokines, antibodies, and matrix-degrading enzymes orchestrate the pathogenic events in autoimmune arthritis. Accordingly, these mediators of inflammation are the targets of several anti-arthritic drugs. However, the prolonged use of such drugs is associated with severe adverse reactions. This limitation has necessitated the search for less toxic natural plant products that possess anti-arthritic activity.

Author(s): 
Venkatesha, Shivaprasad H.
Yu, Hua
Rajaiah, Rajesh
Tong, Li
Moudgil, Kamal D.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a debilitating autoimmune disease of global prevalence and the disease process primarily targets the synovial joints. Despite improvements in the treatment of RA over the past decade, there still is a need for new therapeutic agents that are efficacious, less expensive, and free of severe adverse reactions. Celastrus has been used in China for centuries for the treatment of rheumatic diseases. Furthermore, we previously reported that ethanol extract of Celastrus aculeatus Merr. (Celastrus) attenuates adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA) in rats.

Author(s): 
Yu, H.
Venkatesha, S. H.
Nanjundaiah, S.
Tong, L.
Moudgil, K. D.
Publication Title: 
Experimental Neurology

Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) results in white matter injury and hydrocephalus in premature infants. Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs)-neuorcan, brevican, versican, aggrecan and phosphacan-are unregulated in the extracellular matrix after brain injury, and their degradation enhances plasticity of the brain. Therefore, we hypothesized that CSPG levels were elevated in the forebrain of premature infants with IVH and that in vivo degradation of CSPGs would enhance maturation of oligodendrocyte, augment myelination, promote neurological recovery, and minimize hydrocephalus.

Author(s): 
Vinukonda, Govindaiah
Zia, Muhammad T.
Bhimavarapu, Bala B. R.
Hu, Furong
Feinberg, Michelle
Bokhari, Aqiba
Ungvari, Zoltan
Fried, Victor A.
Ballabh, Praveen
Publication Title: 
Journal of Lipid Research

The role of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on in vivo B-cell immunity is unknown. We first investigated how n-3 PUFAs impacted in vivo B-cell phenotypes and antibody production in the absence and presence of antigen compared with a control diet. Lean mice consuming n-3 PUFAs for 4 weeks displayed increased percentage and frequency of splenic transitional 1 B cells. Upon stimulation with trinitrophenylated-lipopolysaccharide, n-3 PUFAs increased the number of splenic transitional 1/2, follicular, premarginal, and marginal zone B cells.

Author(s): 
Teague, Heather
Fhaner, Cassie J.
Harris, Mitchel
Duriancik, David M.
Reid, Gavin E.
Shaikh, Saame Raza
Publication Title: 
The New England Journal of Medicine

To compare the clinical usefulness of the serum markers prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP), we measured them by radioimmunoassay in 2200 serum samples from 699 patients, 378 of whom had prostatic cancer. PSA was elevated in 122 of 127 patients with newly diagnosed, untreated prostatic cancer, including 7 of 12 patients with unsuspected early disease and all of 115 with more advanced disease. The PSA level increased with advancing clinical stage and was proportional to the estimated volume of the tumor.

Author(s): 
Stamey, T. A.
Yang, N.
Hay, A. R.
McNeal, J. E.
Freiha, F. S.
Redwine, E.
Publication Title: 
Molecular & cellular proteomics: MCP

Antibody effector functions have been shown to be influenced by the structure of the Fc N-glycans. Here we studied the changes in plasma or serum IgG Fc N-glycosylation upon vaccination of 10 Caucasian adults and 10 African children. Serum/plasma IgG was purified by affinity chromatography prior to and at two time points after vaccination. Fc N-glycosylation profiles of individual IgG subclasses were determined for both total IgG and affinity-purified anti-vaccine IgG using a recently developed fast nanoliquid chromatography-electrospray ionization MS (LC-ESI-MS) method.

Author(s): 
Selman, Maurice H. J.
de Jong, Sanne E.
Soonawala, Darius
Kroon, Frank P.
Adegnika, Ayola Akim
Deelder, André M.
Hokke, Cornelis H.
Yazdanbakhsh, Maria
Wuhrer, Manfred

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