Antihypertensive Agents

Publication Title: 
American Journal of Hypertension

BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendation for yoga as a therapeutic means in the management of prehypertension and hypertension. METHODS: MEDLINE/Pubmed, Scopus, CENTRAL, and IndMED were screened through February 2014 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of yoga interventions (?8 weeks) compared with usual care or any active control intervention on blood pressure in patients with prehypertension (120-139/80-89 mm Hg) or hypertension (?140/?90 mm Hg).

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Haller, Heidemarie
Lauche, Romy
Steckhan, Nico
Michalsen, Andreas
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
Family Practice

Background: Self-medication is commonly practised by patients, underpinned by health beliefs that affect their adherence to medication regimens, and impacting on treatment outcomes. Objectives: This review explores the scope of self-medication practices among people with hypertension, in terms of the scale of use, types of medication and influencing factors. Method: A comprehensive search of English language, peer-reviewed literature published between 2000 and 2014 was performed.

Author(s): 
Rahmawati, Riana
Bajorek, Beata V.
Publication Title: 
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)

Pumpan in a dosage of 3 x 10 drops daily over 6 weeks does not differ in its effect on systolic and diastolic blood pressure significantly from placebo. The tolerance was excellent: not one single patient had to be withdrawn from the study due to side effects. Blood lipids (cholesterol, HDL-, LDL-cholesterol and triglyzerides) did not change, neither in the placebo nor in the verum group.

Author(s): 
Hitzenberger, Gerhart
Rehak, Peter H.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Hypertension

OBJECTIVES: To assess systematically the clinical evidence of qigong for hypertension. METHODS: Databases were searched up to August 2006. All randomized clinical trials (RCTs) testing qigong in patients with hypertension of any origin and assessing clinically relevant outcomes were considered. Trials using any type of control intervention were included. The selection of studies, data extraction and quality assessment were performed independently by at least two reviewers. Methodological quality was evaluated using the Jadad score.

Author(s): 
Lee, Myeong Soo
Pittler, Max H.
Guo, Ruoling
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
BMC cardiovascular disorders

BACKGROUND: Moxibustion is a traditional East Asian medical therapy that uses the heat generated by burning herbal preparations containing Artemisia vulgaris to stimulate acupuncture points. The aim of this review was to evaluate previously published clinical evidence for the use of moxibustion as a treatment for hypertension. METHODS: We searched 15 databases without language restrictions from their respective dates of inception until March 2010. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing moxibustion to either antihypertensive drugs or no treatment.

Author(s): 
Kim, Jong-In
Choi, Jun-Yong
Lee, Hyangsook
Lee, Myeong Soo
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
PloS One

OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of acupuncture for hypertension. METHOD: Seven electronic databases were searched on April 13, 2014 to include eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Data were extracted and risk of bias was assessed. Subgroup analyses and meta- analysis were performed. RESULTS: 23 RCTs involving 1788 patients were included. Most trials had an unclear risk of bias regarding allocation concealment, blinding, incomplete outcome data and selective reporting.

Author(s): 
Zhao, Xiao-Feng
Hu, Han-Tong
Li, Jia-Shen
Shang, Hong-Cai
Zheng, Hai-Zhen
Niu, Jian-Fei
Shi, Xue-Ming
Wang, Shu
Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Pestalotiopsis species were most dominant endophytic species isolated from four medicinal plants including Terminalia arjuna, Terminalia chebula, Azadirachta indica, and Holarrhena antidysenterica. Thirty Pestalotiopsis species isolated from different parts of the medicinal plants were selected for the study. The antioxidant and antihypertensive properties of Pestalotiopsis isolates were determined by measuring 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl inhibitory activity, lipid peroxidation, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition activity. Pestalotiopsis isolates of T.

Author(s): 
Tejesvi, Mysore V.
Kini, Kukkundoor R.
Prakash, Harishchandra S.
Subbiah, Ven
Shetty, Hunthrike S.
Publication Title: 
Medizinische Klinik
Author(s): 
Teichmann, W.
von Frankenberg, H.
Rosenberg, A.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Pediatric Nephrology

It is important to appreciate that the recent advances in nutritional management over the past two decades (19-22) have added to the longevity and the "joie de vivre" of children with chronic renal failure. The significant advances in vitamin D therapy and new treatment of complications in long-term maintenance dialysis have provided the pediatric nephrologist with new avenues of management.

Author(s): 
Tsuru, N.
Chan, J. C.
Publication Title: 
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery

A best evidence topic in cardiothoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether restricting dietary salt intake would provide protection from adverse cardiovascular events or mortality. Using the reported search, 462 papers were identified of which 14 papers represented the best evidence on the subject. The author, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and weaknesses were tabulated.

Author(s): 
Walker, Jay
MacKenzie, Alastair David
Dunning, Joel

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