antioxidant

Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Anaesthesia

Melatonin is a neurohormone secreted by the pineal gland. It is widely present in both plant and animal sources. In several countries, it is sold over the counter as tablets and as food supplement or additive. Currently, it is most often used to prevent jet lag and to induce sleep. It has been and is being used in several clinical trials with different therapeutic approaches. It has sedative, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative and chronobiotic effects. In the present review, the potential therapeutic benefits of melatonin in anaesthesia and critical care are presented.

Author(s): 
Kurdi, Madhuri S.
Patel, Tushar
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

OBJECTIVES: Withania somnifera has been in use for several thousand years in Ayurveda to treat various neurological disorders. There is, however, not much scientific data on its protective role in neuronal pathology specifically against brain oxidative stress. Hence, an attempt is made in this work for systematic review and meta-analysis of W. somnifera on neurobehavioural disorders induced by brain oxidative stress in rodents. METHODS: A systematic search of the effect of W. somnifera on brain oxidative stress-induced neuronal pathology was performed using electronic databases.

Author(s): 
Durg, Sharanbasappa
Dhadde, Shivsharan B.
Vandal, Ravichandra
Shivakumar, Badamaranahalli S.
Charan, Chabbanahalli S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition

The healing activity of the ethanol extracts of Piper betel, Emblica officinalis, Terminalia bellerica, and Terminalia chebula against the indomethacin-induced stomach ulceration has been studied and compared with that of misoprostol. Compared to autohealing, all the drugs accelerated the healing process, albeit to different extents. The relative healing activities of the extracts was P. betel>E. officinalis>T. bellerica~T. chebula, that correlated well with their in vivo antioxidant and mucin augmenting activities. The excellent healing activity of the extracts of P. betel and E.

Author(s): 
Bhattacharya, Sayanti
Chaudhuri, Susri R.
Chattopadhyay, Subrata
Bandyopadhyay, Sandip K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine

Triphala (TP) is composed of Emblica officinalis, Terminalia chebula, and Terminalia belerica. The present study was undertaken to evaluate its anticataract potential in vitro and in vivo in a selenite-induced experimental model of cataract. In vitro enucleated rat lenses were maintained in organ culture containing Dulbecco's Modified Eagles Medium alone or with the addition of 100?M selenite. These served as the normal and control groups, respectively. In the test group, the medium was supplemented with selenite and different concentrations of TP aqueous extract.

Author(s): 
Gupta, Suresh Kumar
Kalaiselvan, V.
Srivastava, Sushma
Agrawal, Shyam S.
Saxena, Rohit
Publication Title: 
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria

BACKGROUND: Free radicals are implicated in several metabolic diseases and the antioxidant therapy has gained an utmost importance in the treatment. The medicinal properties of plants have been investigated and explored for their potent antioxidant activities to counteract metabolic disorders. In this study, the chemical composition and free radical scavenging potential of leaf gall extracts (ethanol, petroleum ether, chloroform and aqueous) of Terminelia chebula is evaluated, which is extensively used in the preparation of traditiona medications to treat various metabolic diseases.

Author(s): 
Eshwarappa, Ravi Shankara Birur
Ramachandra, Y. L.
Subaramaihha, Sundara Rajan
Subbaiah, Sujan Ganapathy Pasura
Austin, Richard Surendranath
Dhananjaya, Bhadrapura Lakkappa
Publication Title: 
Inflammopharmacology

Plants of the genus Terminalia are amongst the most widely used plants for traditional medicinal purposes worldwide. Many species are used for their antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, antiviral, antidiarrhoeal, analgesic, antimalarial, antioxidant, antiinflammatory and anticancer activities. Wound healing and cardiovascular effects have also been credited to some species. Many Terminalia species have multiple beneficial effects for multiple diseases and ailments.

Author(s): 
Cock, I. E.
Publication Title: 
Pharmacognosy Research

Lipoxygenase (LOX) inhibitors are the promising therapeutic target for treating a wide spectrum of inflammatory-related diseases such as cancer, asthma, lymphoma, leukemia, and autoimmune disorders. In the present study, the photochemical constituents and the anti-LOX potential of leaf galls of Terminalia chebula are evaluated to exemplify its further potential development as medicine. Extracts of T.

Author(s): 
Eshwarappa, Ravi Shankara Birur
Ramachandra, Yarappa Lakshmikantha
Subaramaihha, Sundara Rajan
Subbaiah, Sujan Ganapathy Pasura
Austin, Richard Surendranath
Dhananjaya, Bhadrapura Lakkappa
Publication Title: 
Pharmaceutical Biology

CONTEXT: The fruit of Terminalia chebula Retz. (Combretaceae) has been used for several therapeutic purposes in Thai folk medicines. Currently, the ethanol extracts containing antioxidant compounds have shown the ability to promote collagen synthesis. OBJECTIVE: This purpose of this work was to study the effects of the ethanol extract from T. chebula fruit on the inhibition of cutaneous photodamage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The viability of human skin fibroblasts after incubation with T.

Author(s): 
Yakaew, Swanya
Itsarasook, Khwunjit
Ngoenkam, Jatuporn
Jessadayannamaetha, Arum
Viyoch, Jarupa
Ungsurungsie, Malyn
Publication Title: 
Ancient Science of Life

BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a serious and complex central nervous system disorder associated with recurrent episodes of convulsive seizures due to the imbalance between excitatory (glutamatergic) and inhibitory (GABAergic) neurotransmitters level in the brain. The available treatments are neither competent to control the seizures nor prevent progress of disease. Since ages, Herbal medicines have remained important sources of medicines in many parts of world which is evidenced through their uses in traditional systems of medicine i.e. Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, Homeopathy and Chinese etc.

Author(s): 
Dhar, Arnab
Maurya, Santosh Kumar
Mishra, Ashish
Singh, Gireesh Kumar
Singh, Manoj Kumar
Seth, Ankit
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

AIM: The aim of this article is to review the current literature on the therapeutic uses and efficacy of Triphala. Herbal remedies are among the most ancient medicines used in traditional systems of healthcare such as Ayurveda. Triphala, a well-recognized and highly efficacious polyherbal Ayurvedic medicine consisting of fruits of the plant species Emblica officinalis (Amalaki), Terminalia bellerica (Bibhitaki), and Terminalia chebula (Haritaki), is a cornerstone of gastrointestinal and rejuvenative treatment. METHODS: A search of the PubMed database was conducted.

Author(s): 
Peterson, Christine Tara
Denniston, Kate
Chopra, Deepak
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