Antioxidants

Publication Title: 
Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine

Background Many clinical trials have evaluated the oxidative stress reduction and enhancement of antioxidant status following yogic practices, but a review has not been reported earlier. Present study is designed to systematically review the effect of yogic practices on oxidative stress and antioxidant status. Content Using the MEDLINE, EMBASE SCOPEMED, and Indian database electronic searches were performed through August 2016 using the keywords yoga AND oxidative stress OR antioxidant which yielded 97 studies.

Author(s): 
Pal, Rameswar
Gupta, Navin
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma

Although individuals are using Complementary and Alternative Medical (CAM) therapies to help manage their asthma, there is no clear direction in the current guidelines for the use of CAM in asthma. This literature review undertakes to determine the current science regarding the use of CAM in asthma management.

Author(s): 
Markham, Andrea White
Wilkinson, Jenny M.
Publication Title: 
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

BACKGROUND: Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) is a poorly understood condition in which patients report symptoms following perceived exposure to weak electromagnetic fields (EMFs) such as those produced by mobile phones or visual display units. Little is known about the aetiology of the condition although experimental data suggest that EMFs are an unlikely causal agent. In this systematic review we assessed the efficacy of any treatment for people reporting EHS. METHODS: Twelve literature databases were examined to identify relevant studies.

Author(s): 
Rubin, G. James
Das Munshi, Jayati
Wessely, Simon
Publication Title: 
Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists

BACKGROUND: Currently, only one medication (risperidone) is FDA-approved for the treatment of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Perhaps for this reason, the use of novel, unconventional, and off-label treatments for ASD is common, with up to 74% of children with ASD using these treatments; however, treating physicians are often unaware of this usage. METHODS: A systematic literature search of electronic scientific databases was performed to identify studies of novel and emerging treatments for ASD, including nutritional supplements, diets, medications, and nonbiological treatments.

Author(s): 
Rossignol, Daniel A.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists

BACKGROUND: Currently, only one medication (risperidone) is FDA-approved for the treatment of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Perhaps for this reason, the use of novel, unconventional, and off-label treatments for ASD is common, with up to 74% of children with ASD using these treatments; however, treating physicians are often unaware of this usage. METHODS: A systematic literature search of electronic scientific databases was performed to identify studies of novel and emerging treatments for ASD, including nutritional supplements, diets, medications, and nonbiological treatments.

Author(s): 
Rossignol, Daniel A.
Publication Title: 
Alternative Medicine Review: A Journal of Clinical Therapeutic

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to review the literature regarding Withania somnifera (ashwagandha, WS) a commonly used herb in Ayurvedic medicine. Specifically, the literature was reviewed for articles pertaining to chemical properties, therapeutic benefits, and toxicity.

Author(s): 
Mishra, L. C.
Singh, B. B.
Dagenais, S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shilajit is a multi-component natural occurring mineral substance used in Ayurveda and Siddha systems of medicine which originated in India. Its source can be traced to the mountainous regions, where the hilly tribes first identified its beneficial use. Shilajit is aptly referred to as 'rasayana'/'rasayanam' in Ayurveda and Siddha literature which means rejuvenator because it prevents ailment and enhances the quality of life.

Author(s): 
Wilson, Eugene
Rajamanickam, G. Victor
Dubey, G. Prasad
Klose, Petra
Musial, Frauke
Saha, F. Joyonto
Rampp, Thomas
Michalsen, Andreas
Dobos, Gustav J.
Publication Title: 
Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung. C, Journal of Biosciences

Thirty-seven plant organs, traditionally used as drugs, collected in Pakistan, were extracted with 70% acetone and analyzed for their total phenolics concentration and antioxidant potential. Seven extracts showed more than 85% inhibition of lipid peroxidation in vitro as compared with blank. Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) (IC50 = 233.6 microg/l +/- 28.3) was the strongest antioxidant in our test system. The IC50 results indicate that the extracts of Nymphaea lotus L. flowers, Acacia nilotica (Linn.) Delile beans, Terminalia belerica Roxb. fruits, and Terminalia chebula Retz.

Author(s): 
Saleem, A.
Ahotupa, M.
Pihlaja, K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Methanolic extract (75%) of Terminalia chebula, Terminalia belerica, Emblica officinalis and their combination named 'Triphala' (equal proportion of above three plant extracts) are being used extensively in Indian system of medicine. They were found to inhibit lipid peroxide formation and to scavenge hydroxyl and superoxide radicals in vitro. The concentration of plant extracts that inhibited 50% of lipid peroxidation induced with Fe(2+)/ascorbate were food to be 85.5, 27, 74 and 69 micro g/ml, respectively.

Author(s): 
Sabu, M. C.
Kuttan, Ramadasan
Publication Title: 
Teratogenesis, Carcinogenesis, and Mutagenesis

India is one of the 12 mega diversity countries in the world so it has a vital stake in conservation and sustainable utilization of its biodiversity resources. Plant secondary metabolites have been of interest to man for a long time due to their pharmacological relevance. With this in view, the bark powder of Acacia auriculiformis, A. nilotica, Juglans regia, and the fruit powder of Terminalia bellerica, T. chebula, Emblica officinalis, and a combination drug "Triphala," which are known to be rich in polyphenols, were tested for their antimutagenic activities.

Author(s): 
Arora, Saroj
Kaur, Kamaljit
Kaur, Swayamjot

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