Aortic Diseases

Publication Title: 
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery: The Official Journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery

AIM: To systematically review the literature on vascular injuries caused by acupuncture. METHOD: Systematic literature search in Medline and PubMed. RESULTS: Twentyone cases were identified and the majority developed symptoms in direct connection with the acupuncture treatment. Three patients died, two from pericardial tamponade and one from an aortoduodenal fistula. There were five more tamponades, seven pseudoaneurysms, two with ischaemia, two with venous thrombosis, one with compartment syndrome and one with bleeding. The two patients with ischaemia had remaining sequeleae.

Author(s): 
Bergqvist, D.
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery: The Official Journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery

AIM: To systematically review the literature on vascular injuries caused by acupuncture. METHOD: Systematic literature search in Medline and PubMed. RESULTS: Twentyone cases were identified and the majority developed symptoms in direct connection with the acupuncture treatment. Three patients died, two from pericardial tamponade and one from an aortoduodenal fistula. There were five more tamponades, seven pseudoaneurysms, two with ischaemia, two with venous thrombosis, one with compartment syndrome and one with bleeding. The two patients with ischaemia had remaining sequeleae.

Author(s): 
Bergqvist, D.
Publication Title: 
Circulation

BACKGROUND: Human atherosclerotic lesions contain elevated levels of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), expressed predominantly by macrophages. METHODS AND RESULTS: To test the hypothesis that macrophage-expressed uPA contributes to the progression and complications of atherosclerosis, we generated transgenic mice with macrophage-targeted overexpression of uPA. The uPA transgene was bred into the apolipoprotein E-null background, and transgenic mice and nontransgenic littermate controls were fed an atherogenic diet.

Author(s): 
Cozen, Aaron E.
Moriwaki, Hideaki
Kremen, Michal
DeYoung, Mary Beth
Dichek, HelÈn L.
Slezicki, Katherine I.
Young, Stephen G.
VÈniant, Murielle
Dichek, David A.
Publication Title: 
Atherosclerosis

Endothelial activation, which is characterized by upregulation of cellular adhesion molecules and pro-inflammatory chemokines and cytokines, and consequent monocyte recruitment to the arterial intima are etiologic factors in atherosclerosis. Redox-active transition metal ions, such as copper and iron, may play an important role in endothelial activation by stimulating redox-sensitive cell signaling pathways. We have shown previously that copper chelation by tetrathiomolybdate (TTM) inhibits LPS-induced acute inflammatory responses in vivo.

Author(s): 
Wei, Hao
Zhang, Wei-Jian
McMillen, Timothy S.
Leboeuf, Renée C.
Frei, Balz
Publication Title: 
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology

OBJECTIVE: Fish oil, containing omega-3 fatty acids, attenuates atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that omega-3 fatty acid-enriched oils are atheroprotective through alteration of monocyte subsets and their trafficking into atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Low-density lipoprotein receptor knockout and apolipoprotein E(-/-) mice were fed diets containing 10% (calories) palm oil and 0.2% cholesterol, supplemented with an additional 10% palm oil, echium oil (containing 18:4 n-3), or fish oil.

Author(s): 
Brown, Amanda L.
Zhu, Xuewei
Rong, Shunxing
Shewale, Swapnil
Seo, Jeongmin
Boudyguina, Elena
Gebre, Abraham K.
Alexander-Miller, Martha A.
Parks, John S.
Publication Title: 
Surgery

A 44-year-old man with an acute aortic occlusion after chiropractic manipulation was found to have a lumbar artery aneurysm. This article presents a previously undescribed entity, a lumbar artery aneurysm, which manifested as a unique cause of distal aortic occlusion in a patient with chronic back pain.

Author(s): 
Kornberg, E.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology

This study was carried out to test the hypothesis that Tongxinluo (TXL) as a Chinese herbal medicine enhances stability of vulnerable plaque dose dependently via lipid-lowering and anti-inflammation effects, similar to a high-dose simvastatin therapy. After abdominal aortic balloon injury, 75 rabbits were fed a 1% cholesterol diet for 10 wk and were then divided into five groups for 8-wk treatment: control group, low-dose TXL group, moderate-dose TXL group, high-dose TXL group, and high-dose simvastatin group.

Author(s): 
Zhang, Lei
Liu, Yan
Lu, Xiao Ting
Wu, Yi Ling
Zhang, Cheng
Ji, Xiao Ping
Wang, Rong
Liu, Chun Xi
Feng, Jin Bo
Jiang, Hong
Xu, Xin Sheng
Zhao, Yu Xia
Zhang, Yun
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery: The Official Journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery

AIM: To systematically review the literature on vascular injuries caused by acupuncture. METHOD: Systematic literature search in Medline and PubMed. RESULTS: Twentyone cases were identified and the majority developed symptoms in direct connection with the acupuncture treatment. Three patients died, two from pericardial tamponade and one from an aortoduodenal fistula. There were five more tamponades, seven pseudoaneurysms, two with ischaemia, two with venous thrombosis, one with compartment syndrome and one with bleeding. The two patients with ischaemia had remaining sequeleae.

Author(s): 
Bergqvist, D.
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