Arabs

Publication Title: 
BMC medical genetics

BACKGROUND: Telomere length, an indicator of ageing and longevity, has been correlated with several biomarkers of cardiometabolic disease in both Arab children and adults. It is not known, however, whether or not telomere length is a highly conserved inheritable trait in this homogeneous cohort, where age-related diseases are highly prevalent. As such, the aim of this study was to address the inheritability of telomere length in Saudi families and the impact of cardiometabolic disease biomarkers on telomere length.

Author(s): 
Al-Attas, Omar S.
Al-Daghri, Nasser M.
Alokail, Majed S.
Alkharfy, Khalid M.
Alfadda, Assim A.
McTernan, Philip
Gibson, Greg C.
Sabico, Shaun B.
Chrousos, George P.
Publication Title: 
International Review of Psychiatry (Abingdon, England)

The Salutogenesis theory and its essential component, the sense of coherence (SOC) is an epigenetic concept. The SOC was defined as a 'way of being in the world'. As such it is most important that one's SOC will be intact for healthy mental status. Collisions between western and non-western cultures might interfere in the process of psychiatric and psychotherapeutic treatment. This review demonstrates the importance of a culture-sensitive approach and therapy and the usefulness of specific culture-sensitive services for certain non-western populations.

Author(s): 
Benyamin, Maoz
Hadar, Shalev
Asher, Shiber
Publication Title: 
Medicine and Law

Adoption is an act of kindness and an expression of the most exalted of human morality. It fulfills the needs of both the adoptive parents and the adopted child. Muslim religious law has rejected the concept of adoption as it exists in the western world and presents several alternatives including personal liability, declaration of guardianship, bestowing a gift and leaving a last will and testament.

Author(s): 
Gith, Emad
Publication Title: 
Transplantation

BACKGROUND: The availability of organ transplants depends largely on the will of the donor families. Given the current state of affairs in Israel, the authors evaluated the stance of Jews and Arabs toward mutual organ donations. METHODS: Between October 1997 and December 1999, there were 4.8 million Jews and 1.09 million Arabs living in Israel. Data gathered from 22 general hospitals for this period yielded 373 potential organ donors and 171 families (45.8%) that consented to the procedure. Actual donation was obtained from 157 patients.

Author(s): 
Ashkenazi, Tamar
Berman, Marius
Ben Ami, Sharona
Fadila, Abed
Aravot, Dan
Publication Title: 
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

In standard models of decision making, participation in violent political action is understood as the product of instrumentally rational reasoning. According to this line of thinking, instrumentally rational individuals will participate in violent political action only if there are selective incentives that are limited to participants. We argue in favor of an alternate model of political violence where participants are motivated by moral commitments to collective sacred values.

Author(s): 
Ginges, Jeremy
Atran, Scott
Publication Title: 
Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology

This article considers the potential of educational efforts, specifically school commemorative ceremonies, to help overcome long-standing inter-ethnic conflict. We examine ethnographic data from commemorative ceremonies in 2 newly created bilingual Jewish-Palestinian schools in Israel. We focus in particular on the role of 2 different ritual ceremonial events which articulate both the struggle and attempts at reconciliation between Jewish and Palestinian Israelis.

Author(s): 
Bekerman, Zvi
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Following its climax in the 8th century under the Abbasids of Baghdad, the Arab world entered a prolonged period of division and decadence. "Western" medicine was introduced in the 19th century with the support of the general population. The historical participation of Arabs in the elaboration of that "Western" biomedical model and its apparently consensual re-introduction into the Arab world diffused any sense of cognitive alienation vis-à-vis practices promoted initially by non-Arab doctors.

Author(s): 
Adib, Salim M.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Social Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: Help-seeking processes provide critical links between the onset of mental health problems and the provision of professional care. But little is known about these processes in the Arab world, and still less in transnational, comparative terms. This is the first study to compare help-seeking processes among Muslim Arab female students in Jordan, the United Arab Emirates and Israel. AIMS: The present study compares the attitudes of Arab Muslim female students from Israel, Jordan and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) towards mental health treatment.

Author(s): 
Al-Krenawi, Alean
Graham, John R.
Dean, Yasmin Z.
Eltaiba, Nada
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Following its climax in the 8th century under the Abbasids of Baghdad, the Arab world entered a prolonged period of division and decadence. "Western" medicine was introduced in the 19th century with the support of the general population. The historical participation of Arabs in the elaboration of that "Western" biomedical model and its apparently consensual re-introduction into the Arab world diffused any sense of cognitive alienation vis-à-vis practices promoted initially by non-Arab doctors.

Author(s): 
Adib, Salim M.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Social Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: Help-seeking processes provide critical links between the onset of mental health problems and the provision of professional care. But little is known about these processes in the Arab world, and still less in transnational, comparative terms. This is the first study to compare help-seeking processes among Muslim Arab female students in Jordan, the United Arab Emirates and Israel. AIMS: The present study compares the attitudes of Arab Muslim female students from Israel, Jordan and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) towards mental health treatment.

Author(s): 
Al-Krenawi, Alean
Graham, John R.
Dean, Yasmin Z.
Eltaiba, Nada

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