Aspartate Aminotransferases

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Cardiology

The effect of orally administered indigenous drugs Terminalia arjuna, T. belerica and T. chebula were investigated on experimental atherosclerosis. Rabbits were fed a cholesterol-rich diet to induce atherosclerosis. The three drugs were fed along with cholesterol. At the end of the experimental period the animals were killed and their plasma and tissue lipid components estimated. Atherosclerotic lesions of the aorta were examined histologically. T. arjuna was found to be the most potent hypolipidemic agent and induced partial inhibition of rabbit atheroma. The results indicate that T.

Author(s): 
Shaila, H. P.
Udupa, S. L.
Udupa, A. L.
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology

Cardioprotective effect of ethanolic extract of Terminalia chebula fruits (500 mg/kg body wt) was examined in isoproterenol (200 mg/kg body wt) induced myocardial damage in rats. In isoproterenol administered rats, the level of lipid peroxides increased significantly in the serum and heart. A significant decrease was observed in the activity of the myocardial marker enzymes with a concomitant increase in their activity in serum. Histopathological examination was carried out to confirm the myocardial necrosis. T.

Author(s): 
Suchalatha, S.
Shyamala Devi, C. S.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism

BACKGROUND: A vegetarian diet is considered to promote health and longevity and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. However, a vegetarian diet may be deficient in some nutrients. Exclusion of animal products in vegetarian diets may affect the status of certain B-vitamins, and further cause the rise of plasma homocysteine concentration. OBJECTIVE: The nutritional status of various B-vitamins (B(1), B(2), B(6), B(12), folic acid) and the concentration of homocysteine in blood plasma of omnivores (n = 40), vegetarians (n = 36) and vegans (n = 42) in Austria was evaluated.

Author(s): 
Majchrzak, D.
Singer, I.
M‰nner, M.
Rust, P.
Genser, D.
Wagner, K.-H.
Elmadfa, I.
Publication Title: 
Drug and Chemical Toxicology

An iridoid glucoside, aucubin was isolated from Aucuba japonica leaves and its protective activities against CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity were evaluated by measuring the duration of hypnosis induced by hexobarbital after CCl4 challenge (0.2 ml/kg/day, po) and the levels of serum glutamic-oxalacetic (GOT) and serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT). The duration of hypnosis for the saline control group, the CCl4 alone treated group and the aucubin plus CCl4 treated group was 24.8 +/- 8.5, 60.5 +/- 9.5 and 28.0 +/- 3.2 min, respectively.

Author(s): 
Chang, I. M.
Ryu, J. C.
Park, Y. C.
Yun, H. S.
Yang, K. H.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

Acute stress affects cellular integrity in many tissues including the liver, but its underlying mechanism is still unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential involvement of catecholamines and adrenoceptors in the regulation of acute restraint stress-induced liver injury. Restraint was achieved by placing mice in restraint tubes.

Author(s): 
Zhu, Qing
Gu, Liwei
Wang, Yimei
Jia, Li
Zhao, Zengming
Peng, Shuangqing
Lei, Linsheng
Publication Title: 
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

The objectives of this study were to characterize any drug-drug interaction between the antimalarial Pyramax (pyronaridine-artesunate [PA]) and the CYP2D6 probe substrate metoprolol and to assess the safety of 60-day or 90-day PA redosing, particularly with regard to liver biochemistry parameters.

Author(s): 
Morris, Carrie A.
Pokorny, Rolf
Lopez-Lazaro, Luis
Miller, Robert M.
Arbe-Barnes, Sarah
Duparc, Stephan
Borghini-Fuhrer, Isabelle
Shin, Jang-Sik
Fleckenstein, Lawrence
Publication Title: 
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine is an artemisinin-based combination treatment (ACT) recommended by the WHO for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria, and it is being used increasingly for resistant vivax malaria where combination with primaquine is required for radical cure. The WHO recently reinforced its recommendations to add a single dose of primaquine to ACTs to reduce P. falciparum transmission in low-transmission settings. The pharmacokinetics of primaquine and dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine were evaluated in 16 healthy Thai adult volunteers in a randomized crossover study.

Author(s): 
Hanboonkunupakarn, Borimas
Ashley, Elizabeth A.
Jittamala, Podjanee
Tarning, Joel
Pukrittayakamee, Sasithon
Hanpithakpong, Warunee
Chotsiri, Palang
Wattanakul, Thanaporn
Panapipat, Salwaluk
Lee, Sue J.
Day, Nicholas P. J.
White, Nicholas J.
Publication Title: 
Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan

Bauhinia variegata (Leguminosae) commonly known as Kachnar, is widely used in Ayurveda as tonic to the liver. The present work was carried out to assess the potential of Bauhinia variegata bark as hepatoprotective agent. The hepatoprotective activity was investigated in carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) intoxicated Sprague-Dawley rats. Bauhinia variegata alcoholic Stem Bark Extract (SBE) at different doses (100 and 200 mg/kg) were administered orally to male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing between 100-120 g.

Author(s): 
Bodakhe, Surendra H.
Ram, Alpana
Publication Title: 
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry

Kothala himbutu is a traditional Ayurvedic medicinal plant used to treat diabetes. We aimed to evaluate the safety of an aqueous extract of Kothala himbutu stem (KTE) in normal mice. The mice were divided into two groups: one was administered KTE and the other distilled water for 3 weeks. During the test period, the groups showed no significant differences in body weight gain or plasma parameters, such as fasting blood glucose level, oral glucose tolerance test, or aspartate transaminase (AST) or alanine transaminase (ALT) activity.

Author(s): 
Im, Ryanghyok
Mano, Hiroshi
Nakatani, Sachie
Shimizu, Jun
Wada, Masahiro
Publication Title: 
Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology

The tannoid principles of the fruits of the plant Emblica officinalis Gaertn comprising of emblicanin A. emblicanin B, punigluconin and pedunculagin, have been reported to exhibit antioxidant activity in vitro and in vivo.

Author(s): 
Bhattacharya, A.
Kumar, M.
Ghosal, S.
Bhattacharya, S. K.

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