Asperger Syndrome

Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Mind-body therapies are often used by people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, there has been little examination into which types of mind-body therapies have been investigated for people with ASD and for what purposes. A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the existing evidence for mind-body therapies for people with ASD, particularly to determine the types of mind-body therapies used and the outcomes that are targeted. METHODS: PubMed, PsychInfo, and Scopus were searched using terms for ASD and mind-body therapies.

Author(s): 
Hourston, Sarah
Atchley, Rachel
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Mind-body therapies are often used by people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, there has been little examination into which types of mind-body therapies have been investigated for people with ASD and for what purposes. A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the existing evidence for mind-body therapies for people with ASD, particularly to determine the types of mind-body therapies used and the outcomes that are targeted. METHODS: PubMed, PsychInfo, and Scopus were searched using terms for ASD and mind-body therapies.

Author(s): 
Hourston, Sarah
Atchley, Rachel
Publication Title: 
Pediatrics

OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to investigate the associations among maternal prepregnancy BMI, paternal BMI, and the risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in children. METHODS: The study sample of 92?909 children was derived from the population-based, prospective Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. The age range was 4.0 through 13.1 (mean 7.4) years. Relative risks of ASDs were estimated by odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from logistic regression models.

Author(s): 
SurÈn, PÂl
Gunnes, Nina
Roth, Christine
Bresnahan, Michaeline
Hornig, Mady
Hirtz, Deborah
Lie, Kari Kveim
Lipkin, W. Ian
Magnus, Per
Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted
Schj¯lberg, Synnve
Susser, Ezra
Oyen, Anne-Siri
Smith, George Davey
Stoltenberg, Camilla
Publication Title: 
Molecular Psychiatry

Autism affects males more than females, giving rise to the idea that the influence of steroid hormones on early fetal brain development may be one important early biological risk factor.

Author(s): 
Baron-Cohen, S.
Auyeung, B.
N¯rgaard-Pedersen, B.
Hougaard, D. M.
Abdallah, M. W.
Melgaard, L.
Cohen, A. S.
Chakrabarti, B.
Ruta, L.
Lombardo, M. V.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

We examine the nature and predictors of social and romantic functioning in adolescents and adults with ASD. Parental reports were obtained for 25 ASD adolescents and adults (13-36 years), and 38 typical adolescents and adults (13-30 years). The ASD group relied less upon peers and friends for social (OR = 52.16, p < .01) and romantic learning (OR = 38.25, p < .01).

Author(s): 
Stokes, Mark
Newton, Naomi
Kaur, Archana
Publication Title: 
Archives of Psychiatric Nursing

Growing up with Asperger's disorder is complex and fraught with difficulty. Although the literature includes some research related to the transition of youth with Asperger's disorder to school and employment, none pertains to the transition to adulthood and independent living. Although a marginal number of young adults with Asperger's disorder eventually achieve independence, many of them continue to depend on families for supportive services.

Author(s): 
Lawrence, Diane H.
Alleckson, Delores A.
Bjorklund, Pamela
Publication Title: 
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice

Children with Asperger's syndrome are often reported by their parents as having difficulties communicating affection. This study aimed to develop a valid measure of affectionate behaviour that could be used to investigate and quantify these anecdotal reports and then be used in further intervention research. Using parent and expert focus groups, three measures (Affection for Others Questionnaire, Affection for You Questionnaire and General Affection Questionnaire) were developed with reference to the existing affection literature.

Author(s): 
Sofronoff, Kate
Lee, Jessica
Sheffield, Jeanie
Attwood, Tony
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