Attitude

Publication Title: 
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is a recently developed class-based program designed to prevent relapse or recurrence of major depression (Z. V. Segal, J. M. G. Williams, & J. Teasdale, 2002). Although research in this area is in its infancy, MBCT is generally discussed as a promising therapy in terms of clinical effectiveness. The aim of this review was to outline the evidence that contributes to this current viewpoint and to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of this evidence to inform future research.

Author(s): 
Coelho, Helen F.
Canter, Peter H.
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVES: To describe the public's understanding of hypnosis and openness to hypnotherapy. METHODS: A comprehensive search of English language peer reviewed journal articles from 1st January 1996-11th March 2016 was performed over 9 databases (Medline, PubMed, PsycARTICLES, CINAHL, Embase (excerpta medica), PsychInfo, Cochrane, Science citation index-expanded, Conference citation index) and a title-only search of Google scholar.

Author(s): 
Krouwel, Matthew
Jolly, Kate
Greenfield, Sheila
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Chinese Medicine

The effectiveness of acupuncture remains a controversial issue. The aim of this article is to evaluate trends over time in the development of the evidence-base of acupuncture. A comparison of two series of systematic reviews was conducted. The first related to the evidence-base in 2000, the second related to 2005. Both employed virtually the same methodology and criteria for evaluation. The results indicate that the evidence base has increased for 13 of the 26 conditions included in this comparison. For 7 indications it has become more positive (i.e.

Author(s): 
Ernst, E.
Pittler, M. H.
Wider, B.
Boddy, K.
Publication Title: 
Health care analysis: HCA: journal of health philosophy and policy

Scientists, bioethicists, and policy makers are currently engaged in a contentious debate about the scientific prospects and morality of efforts to increase human longevity. Some demographers and geneticists suggest that there is little reason to think that it will be possible to significantly extend the human lifespan. Other biodemographers and geneticists argue that there might well be increases in both life expectancy and lifespan. Bioethicists and policy makers are currently addressing many of the ethical, social, and economic issues raised by life extension research.

Author(s): 
Turner, Leigh
Publication Title: 
Rejuvenation Research

There are a number of ethical, social, and personal implications generated by the potential development and use of technologies that may extend human longevity by intervening in aging. Despite speculations about likely public attitudes toward life extension, to date there have been few attempts to empirically examine the public's perspective of these issues. Using open-ended survey questions via telephone interviews, this study explored the attitudes of 605 members of the Australian public toward the implications of life extension.

Author(s): 
Partridge, Brad
Lucke, Jayne
Bartlett, Helen
Hall, Wayne
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Aging & Human Development

Biblical writers generally viewed old age as a reward for righteousness and piety. Consequently, they stressed the belief that the elderly were blessed and that they should be venerated. While life expectancy was usually below forty years, there are exceptional cases on record of individuals--men and women--living to advanced old ages. An analysis of these special few cases and a discussion of extra-Biblical texts shows that other ancient Middle Eastern societies held attitudes toward aging and the aged comparable to those expressed in the Hebrew Bible.

Author(s): 
Arnett, W. S.
Publication Title: 
BMC geriatrics

BACKGROUND: Centenarians are exceptional ageing paradigms, offering valuable information on achieving longevity. Although, there are several studies examining different biomedical factors as determinants of longevity in centenarians, little is known about gender differences with respect to personality traits and health locus of control. METHODS: Nation -wide study carried out in Greece, between 2007 and 2010. Our final sample of analysis consisted of 400 centenarians who reported on sociodemographic, disease-related and personality factors and health locus of control (HLC).

Author(s): 
Tigani, Xanthi
Artemiadis, Artemios K.
Alexopoulos, Evangelos C.
Chrousos, George P.
Darviri, Christina
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

The search for longevity is hardly new. Before recent times, advocates for longevity fell into two general time periods. From the 16th century to the 18th century, individuals worked to extend the lives and vitality of elderly people; they believed senescence was a time of considerable worth. From the 19th century through the early 20th century, however, anti-age advocates generally depicted old age as a time to be feared and despised, devising myriad procedures in order to eliminate it entirely.

Author(s): 
Haber, Carole
Publication Title: 
Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether positive affect predicts mortality among people with diabetes and among a comparison group of people with no chronic health conditions. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Mortality. RESULTS: Positive affect was significantly associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality in people with diabetes (N = 715). Enjoyed life was associated with lower risk of mortality over and above the effects of negative affect or other significant predictors of mortality.

Author(s): 
Moskowitz, Judith Tedlie
Epel, Elissa S.
Acree, Michael
Publication Title: 
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

The combination of less positive and more negative expectations for the future (i.e., lower optimism and higher pessimism) increases risk for disease and early mortality. We tested the possibility that expectancies might influence health outcomes by altering the rate of biological aging, specifically of the immune system (immunosenescence). However, no studies to date have examined associations between optimism or pessimism and indicators of immunosenescence such as leukocyte telomere length (TL) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels.

Author(s): 
O'Donovan, A.
Lin, J.
Tillie, J.
Tillie, J. M.
Dhabhar, F. S.
Wolkowitz, O. M.
Wolkowitz, O.
Blackburn, E. H.
Blackburn, E.
Epel, E. S.
Epel, E.

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