Auditory Perception

Publication Title: 
Journal of Communication Disorders

Two tapes of six emotions (anger, fear, sadness, contentment, happiness, love) recorded by child and adult speakers were played to child and adult listeners to determine whether (a) each group of listeners responds more accurately to positive or negative emotions; (b) each group of speakers communicates positive or negative emotions more accurately; (c-g) there were specific ways in which children adn adults differ in accuracy of perceiving and communicating the six emotions studied. Two hundred and ten white, male, middle-class Ss were used.

Author(s): 
Fenster, C. A.
Blake, L. K.
Goldstein, A. M.
Publication Title: 
Developmental Psychology

This article examines the extent to which secure base script knowledge-as reflected in an adult's ability to generate narratives in which attachment-related threats are recognized, competent help is provided, and the problem is resolved-is associated with adults' autonomic and subjective emotional responses to infant distress and nondistress vocalizations. Adults who demonstrated low levels of secure base knowledge showed greater electrodermal reactivity and stronger declines in their feelings of love while they listened to a recording of an infant crying.

Author(s): 
Groh, Ashley M.
Roisman, Glenn I.
Publication Title: 
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Adults who engage in synchronous movement to music later report liking each other better, remembering more about each other, trusting each other more, and are more likely to cooperate with each other compared to adults who engage in asynchronous movements.

Author(s): 
Trainor, Laurel J.
Cirelli, Laura
Publication Title: 
Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Author(s): 
Roberts, A. H.
Kewman, D. G.
Macdonald, H.
Publication Title: 
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Author(s): 
Graham, K. R.
Publication Title: 
Biological Psychiatry

Cerebral hemisphere dominance was measured in 20 subjects before, during, and after hypnotic suggestion. During hypnosis, subjects demonstrated lower right ear/left hemisphere laterality scores on a dichotic listening task compared to pre- and posthypnosis periods. These results support the view that hypnosis facilitates greater participation of the right cerebral hemisphere in cognition and may partially account for several well known hypnotic effects.

Author(s): 
Frumkin, L. R.
Ripley, H. S.
Cox, G. B.
Publication Title: 
Perceptual and Motor Skills
Author(s): 
Brabender, V.
Dickhaus, R. C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Two experiments used signal detection procedures to assess the effects of hypnotic susceptibility, a hypnotic induction procedure, and suggestions for altering auditory acuity on measures of sensitivity and response bias. In Experiment 1, low susceptibles showed higher sensitivity than high susceptibles, and hypnotic induction failed to affect the sensitivity of either highs or lows. Among the high susceptibles, suggestions to either increase or decrease acuity produced increments in sensitivity and reduced individual differences.

Author(s): 
Jones, B.
Spanos, N. P.
Publication Title: 
Shinrigaku Kenkyu: The Japanese Journal of Psychology

The purpose of this study is to reveal the nature of regressive state in hypnosis by means of word-association-test (WAT). Stimulus words for WAT, pronounced without intonation, was presented to hypnotic, control, and distraction groups. At the first test, all groups were under awaken state, and at the second test, hypnotic group was under hypnosis, distraction group was under distraction. (1) Under hypnosis, more visual images (signifié-images) and clang associations (significant-images) were imagined.

Author(s): 
Kawai, T.
Publication Title: 
Biological Psychiatry

Recent research suggests a relationship between hypnosis and the right cerebral hemisphere in man. With several major modifications in the 1978 study of Frumkin, Ripley, and Cox, the following hypothesis was investigated: Hypnosis creates a shift towards relatively greater left ear accuracy, suggesting greater participation of the right hemisphere during a trance. Two studies were undertaken with 36 right-handed male volunteers in each; 12 of low susceptibility to hypnosis, 12 of medium susceptibility, and 12 of high susceptibility.

Author(s): 
Levine, J. L.
Kurtz, R. M.
Lauter, J. L.

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