Austria

Publication Title: 
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)

Pumpan in a dosage of 3 x 10 drops daily over 6 weeks does not differ in its effect on systolic and diastolic blood pressure significantly from placebo. The tolerance was excellent: not one single patient had to be withdrawn from the study due to side effects. Blood lipids (cholesterol, HDL-, LDL-cholesterol and triglyzerides) did not change, neither in the placebo nor in the verum group.

Author(s): 
Hitzenberger, Gerhart
Rehak, Peter H.
Publication Title: 
Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasingly common in the treatment of primary headache disorders despite lack of evidence for efficacy in most modalities. A systematic questionnaire-based survey of CAM therapy was conducted in 432 patients who attended seven tertiary headache out-patient clinics in Germany and Austria. Use of CAM was reported by the majority (81.7%) of patients. Most frequently used CAM treatments were acupuncture (58.3%), massage (46.1%) and relaxation techniques (42.4%).

Author(s): 
Gaul, C.
Eismann, R.
Schmidt, T.
May, A.
Leinisch, E.
Wieser, T.
Evers, S.
Henkel, K.
Franz, G.
Zierz, S.
Publication Title: 
Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasingly common in the treatment of primary headache disorders despite lack of evidence for efficacy in most modalities. A systematic questionnaire-based survey of CAM therapy was conducted in 432 patients who attended seven tertiary headache out-patient clinics in Germany and Austria. Use of CAM was reported by the majority (81.7%) of patients. Most frequently used CAM treatments were acupuncture (58.3%), massage (46.1%) and relaxation techniques (42.4%).

Author(s): 
Gaul, C.
Eismann, R.
Schmidt, T.
May, A.
Leinisch, E.
Wieser, T.
Evers, S.
Henkel, K.
Franz, G.
Zierz, S.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism

BACKGROUND: A vegetarian diet is considered to promote health and longevity and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. However, a vegetarian diet may be deficient in some nutrients. Exclusion of animal products in vegetarian diets may affect the status of certain B-vitamins, and further cause the rise of plasma homocysteine concentration. OBJECTIVE: The nutritional status of various B-vitamins (B(1), B(2), B(6), B(12), folic acid) and the concentration of homocysteine in blood plasma of omnivores (n = 40), vegetarians (n = 36) and vegans (n = 42) in Austria was evaluated.

Author(s): 
Majchrzak, D.
Singer, I.
M‰nner, M.
Rust, P.
Genser, D.
Wagner, K.-H.
Elmadfa, I.
Publication Title: 
World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Author(s): 
Okuyama, Harumi
Ichikawa, Yuko
Sun, Yueji
Hamazaki, Tomohito
Lands, W. E. M.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

OBJECTIVE: With the increasing longevity of heart transplant recipients, the long-term effects of cyclosporine on renal function have become more evident. Highly sensitive, early, and effective monitoring of posttransplant renal function is still being researched. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of cystatin C for patients after heart transplantation. METHODS: Seventy-three long-term recipients of a heart transplant more than 5 years before the study start were included in the analysis with a follow-up of 4 years.

Author(s): 
Kniepeiss, Daniela
Wagner, Doris
Wirnsberger, Gerhard
Roller, Regina E.
Wasler, Andr‰
Iberer, Florian
Tscheliessnigg, Karl-Heinz
Publication Title: 
Orvostorteneti Kozlemenyek

Author attempted to collect all available medical data of the period of the reign of Mathias Corvinus (1443-1490) who ruled Hungary for 32 years. First part of this article outlines the general medical history of this era. In the 15th century the flourishing Kingdom of Hungary was inhabited by 3-3.2 million people. Under the rule of King Matthias epidemies were frequent visitors, plague e.g. was registered 11 times, while sudor anglicus once (in 1485). The ca. 120 hospitals of the era were founded mostly in towns and market-towns.

Author(s): 
Varjassy, PÈter
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science

BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that natural levels of lithium in drinking water may have a protective effect on suicide mortality. AIMS: To evaluate the association between local lithium levels in drinking water and suicide mortality at district level in Austria. METHOD: A nationwide sample of 6460 lithium measurements was examined for association with suicide rates per 100,000 population and suicide standardised mortality ratios across all 99 Austrian districts.

Author(s): 
Kapusta, Nestor D.
Mossaheb, Nilufar
Etzersdorfer, Elmar
Hlavin, Gerald
Thau, Kenneth
Willeit, Matth‰us
Praschak-Rieder, Nicole
Sonneck, Gernot
Leithner-Dziubas, Katharina
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Health Geographics

BACKGROUND: Lithium as a substance occurring naturally in food and drinking water may exert positive effects on mental health. In therapeutic doses, which are more than 100 times higher than natural daily intakes, lithium has been proven to be a mood-stabilizer and suicide preventive. This study examined whether natural lithium content in drinking water is regionally associated with lower suicide rates. METHODS: Previous statistical approaches were challenged by global and local spatial regression models taking spatial autocorrelation as well as non-stationarity into account.

Author(s): 
Helbich, Marco
Leitner, Michael
Kapusta, Nestor D.
Publication Title: 
Child Abuse & Neglect

The aim of this study was to explore the nature and dimensions of institutional child abuse (IA) by the Austrian Catholic Church and to investigate the current mental health of adult survivors. Data were collected in two steps. First, documents of 448 adult survivors of IA (M=55.1 years, 75.7% men) who had disclosed their abuse history to a victim protection commission were collected. Different types of abuse, perpetrator characteristics, and family related risk factors were investigated.

Author(s): 
Lueger-Schuster, Brigitte
Kantor, Viktoria
Weindl, Dina
Knefel, Matthias
Moy, Yvonne
Butollo, Asisa
Jagsch, Reinhold
Gl¸ck, Tobias

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