Automatic Data Processing

Publication Title: 
Public Health Reports (Washington, D.C.: 1974)

Community activists in Chicago believed their neighborhoods were being targeted by alcohol and tobacco outdoor advertisers, despite the Outdoor Advertising Association of America's voluntary code of principles, which claims to restrict the placement of ads for age-restricted products and prevent billboard saturation of urban neighborhoods. A research and action plan resulted from a 10-year collaborative partnership among Loyola University Chicago, the American Lung Association of Metropolitan Chicago (ALAMC), and community activists from a predominately African American church, St.

Author(s): 
Hackbarth, D. P.
Schnopp-Wyatt, D.
Katz, D.
Williams, J.
Silvestri, B.
Pfleger, M.
Publication Title: 
Paediatric Anaesthesia

The accurate assessment of the depth of anesthesia, allowing a more accurate adaptation of the doses of hypnotics, is an important end point for the anesthesiologist. It is a particularly crucial issue in pediatric anesthesia, in the context of the recent controversies about the potential neurological consequences of the main anesthetic drugs on the developing brain. The electroencephalogram signal reflects the electrical activity of the neurons in the cerebral cortex. It is thus the key to assessment of the level of hypnosis.

Author(s): 
Constant, Isabelle
Sabourdin, Nada
Publication Title: 
Paediatric Anaesthesia

BACKGROUND: The aepEX Plus monitor (aepEX) utilizes a mid-latency auditory evoked potential-derived index of depth of hypnosis (DoH). OBJECTIVE: This observational study evaluates the performance of the aepEX as a DoH monitor for pediatric patients receiving propofol-remifentanil anesthesia. METHODS: aepEX and BIS values were recorded simultaneously during surgery in three groups of 25 children (aged 1-3, 3-6 and 6-16 years). Propofol was administered by target-controlled infusion. The University of Michigan Sedation Scale (UMSS) was used to clinically assess the DoH during emergence.

Author(s): 
Cheung, Yuen M.
Scoones, Gail P.
Hoeks, Sanne E.
Stolker, Robert J.
Weber, Frank
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: The Bureau of Vector-borne Diseases, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand, has implemented an electronic Malaria Information System (eMIS) as part of a strategy to contain artemisinin resistance. The attempt corresponds to the WHO initiative, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, to contain anti-malarial drug resistance in Southeast Asia. The main objective of this study was to demonstrate the eMIS' functionality and outputs after implementation for use in the Thailand artemisinin-resistance containment project.

Author(s): 
Khamsiriwatchara, Amnat
Sudathip, Prayuth
Sawang, Surasak
Vijakadge, Saowanit
Potithavoranan, Thanapon
Sangvichean, Aumnuyphan
Satimai, Wichai
Delacollette, Charles
Singhasivanon, Pratap
Lawpoolsri, Saranath
Kaewkungwal, Jaranit
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Neuroscience: The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience

Caloric restriction (CR) reduces the pathological effects of aging and extends the lifespan in many species, including nonhuman primates, although the effect on the brain is less well characterized. We used two common indicators of aging, motor performance speed and brain iron deposition measured in vivo using magnetic resonance imaging, to determine the potential effect of CR on elderly rhesus macaques eating restricted (n=24, 13 males, 11 females) and standard (n=17, 8 males, 9 females) diets.

Author(s): 
Kastman, Erik K.
Willette, Auriel A.
Coe, Christopher L.
Bendlin, Barbara B.
Kosmatka, Kris J.
McLaren, Donald G.
Xu, Guofan
Canu, Elisa
Field, Aaron S.
Alexander, Andrew L.
Voytko, Mary Lou
Beasley, T. Mark
Colman, Ricki J.
Weindruch, Richard H.
Johnson, Sterling C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: Multi-site data collection is complex and requires an effective data management system. This article explores data management issues encountered in the design, conduct, and analysis of a research project involving 74 community-based sites and a central data management system. RESULTS: Once the data arrived at the central site, data integrity was maintained at a very high level. Issues encountered in our study on low back pain reflected the practice-based nature of the study and the limitations of finances, staff, and facilities.

Author(s): 
Nyiendo, Joanne
Attwood, Michael
Lloyd, Carol
Ganger, Bonnie
Haas, Mitchell
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: Multi-site data collection is complex and requires an effective data management system. This article explores data management issues encountered in the design, conduct, and analysis of a research project involving 74 community-based sites and a central data management system. RESULTS: Once the data arrived at the central site, data integrity was maintained at a very high level. Issues encountered in our study on low back pain reflected the practice-based nature of the study and the limitations of finances, staff, and facilities.

Author(s): 
Nyiendo, Joanne
Attwood, Michael
Lloyd, Carol
Ganger, Bonnie
Haas, Mitchell
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine

Information processing for intelligent diagnosis of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), an important part of the modernization of Chinese medicine, attracts world wide attention from the science circle. This article presents a systematic introduction to the development of information technology, especially the processing of pulse and tongue images and systems of computer-aided Chinese medical diagnosis.

Author(s): 
Zhou, Chang-le
Zhang, Zhi-Feng
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

Medicinal pteridophytes are an important group used in traditional Chinese medicine; however, there is no simple and universal way to differentiate various species of this group by morphological traits. A novel technology termed "DNA barcoding" could discriminate species by a standard DNA sequence with universal primers and sufficient variation.

Author(s): 
Ma, Xin-Ye
Xie, Cai-Xiang
Liu, Chang
Song, Jing-Yuan
Yao, Hui
Luo, Kun
Zhu, Ying-jie
Gao, Ting
Pang, Xiao-Hui
Qian, Jun
Chen, Shi-Lin
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

Scutellaria baicalensis GEORGI (Lamiaceae) is the botanical origin of the well-known traditional Chinese medicine "Huang Qin" (Radix Scutellariae). Due to overexploitation that had induced a decline in natural sources, the dried roots of its congeners, S. amoena, S. rehderiana, and S. viscidula, have been used to adulterate it in recent years. This practice may cause a series of inconsistent therapeutic effects and quality control problems in the herbal medicine industry.

Author(s): 
Guo, Xiaorong
Wang, Xiaoguo
Su, Wenhua
Zhang, Guangfei
Zhou, Rui

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