Autonomic Nervous System Diseases

Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychiatric Research

Stress related disorders such as depression and anxiety are leading sources of disability worldwide, and current treatment methods such as conventional antidepressant medications are not beneficial for all individuals. There is evidence that yoga has mood-enhancing properties possibly related to its inhibitory effects on physiological stress and inflammation, which are frequently associated with affective disorders. However the biological mechanisms via which yoga exerts its therapeutic mood-modulating effects are largely unknown.

Author(s): 
Pascoe, Michaela C.
Bauer, Isabelle E.
Publication Title: 
Der Urologe
Author(s): 
Diesing, U.
Publication Title: 
Psychosomatic Medicine

OBJECTIVE: Mental or emotional stress-induced ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death are thought to be mediated by the autonomic nervous system and ischemia. In the absence of ischemia, increased inhomogeneity of repolarization is thought to be important. We tested the hypotheses that in the absence of ischemia, mental stress may modulate repolarization by changing autonomic balance; and mental relaxation induced by hypnosis may offset the potentially adverse effects of stress on the cardiac electrophysiology.

Author(s): 
Taggart, Peter
Sutton, Peter
Redfern, Chris
Batchvarov, Velislav N.
Hnatkova, Katerina
Malik, Marek
James, Ursula
Joseph, Avy
Publication Title: 
Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism: JPEM

One hundred and twenty-nine (87%) of a total county population of 150 eligible diabetic children together with 144 age- and sex-matched control children participated in a longitudinal, epidemiological study of the evolution of diabetic microvascular disease. At enrollment the median (range) age of the diabetic children was 12.5 (3.7-16.8) years with a median diabetes duration of 2.9 (0.1-13.4) years and a median HbAl of 11.1 (6.8-17.9)%.

Author(s): 
Karavanaki, K.
Baum, J. D.
Publication Title: 
Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology

Previous studies have identified stress system dysregulation in fibromyalgia (FM) patients; such dysregulation may be involved in the generation and/or maintenance of pain and other symptoms. Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is the principal known central nervous system mediator of the stress response; however, to date no studies have examined cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) CRF levels in patients with FM. The relationship between CSF CRF level, heart rate variability (HRV), and pain, fatigue, and depressive symptoms was examined in patients with FM.

Author(s): 
McLean, Samuel A.
Williams, David A.
Stein, Phyllis K.
Harris, Richard E.
Lyden, Angela K.
Whalen, Gail
Park, Karen M.
Liberzon, Israel
Sen, Ananda
Gracely, Richard H.
Baraniuk, James N.
Clauw, Daniel J.
Publication Title: 
Neurogastroenterology and Motility: The Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society

BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported altered autonomic nervous system (ANS) responses in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) at baseline and to colonic balloon distension. This study examined heart rate variability (HRV) and plasma catecholamines as an index of ANS responsiveness in IBS during flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS) and explored associations of HRV with clinical measures. METHODS: Rome III-positive IBS patients and healthy controls completed questionnaires measuring gastrointestinal and psychological symptoms.

Author(s): 
Cheng, P.
Shih, W.
Alberto, M.
Presson, A. P.
Licudine, A.
Mayer, E. A.
Naliboff, B. D.
Chang, L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American College of Cardiology

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to review the results of investigation and management of children with syncope and a structurally normal heart. BACKGROUND: Syncope is a common clinical problem and has many etiologies. Autonomic testing and, in particular, the tilt/orthostatic test have helped to positively diagnose neurocardiogenic syncope in a high proportion of such patients. METHODS: Patient case notes and autonomic test charts were reviewed in 162 children aged 1 to 20 years (mean age 12.8 years) with syncope.

Author(s): 
Balaji, S.
Oslizlok, P. C.
Allen, M. C.
McKay, C. A.
Gillette, P. C.
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Nevrologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova / Ministerstvo Zdravookhraneniia I Meditsinskoĭ Promyshlennosti Rossiĭskoĭ Federatsii, Vserossiĭskoe Obshchestvo Nevrologov [i] Vserossiĭskoe Obshchestvo Psikhiatrov

35 patients with vegetocirculatory dystonia and hyperventilation syndrome, but without the signs of organic lesion of nervous system were treated. The complex treatment included the breathing exercises with feedback mechanisms, the correction of psychovegetative and neurovascular disturbances, the massage of neck region and a head, psychotherapy, angioprotective, vegeto- and psychotropic drug therapy.

Author(s): 
Poliakov, V. A.
Tsverianishvili, G. K.
Publication Title: 
Meditsina Truda I Promyshlennaia Ekologiia

The article deals with problems of optimizing sanatorium-and-spa programs to better health in workers exposed to vibration, through using panto-magnesium pearl baths. Examinations covered 49 individuals exposed to local vibration at work, who underwent health programs including magnetotherapy, manual massage and exercise therapy. The authors conclude that maximal effect of improved life quality was seen after panto-magnesium gas baths course auxiliary to the programs.

Author(s): 
Poteriaeva, E. L.
Nesina, I. A.
Liutkevich, A. A.
Tepliakov, G. V.
Egorova, L. S.
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Endocrinology / European Federation of Endocrine Societies

OBJECTIVE: Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are reported to be associated with relative overactivity of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), which is reversible by weight loss. However, direct effects of weight loss by calorie restriction vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on SNS overactivity were not studied in parallel. This study compared the effects of RYGB vs restrictive weight loss in obese patients with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) and with T2DM on SNS function as measured by heart rate variability (HRV).

Author(s): 
Lips, Mirjam A.
de Groot, Gerrit H.
De Kam, Marieke
Berends, Frits J.
Wiezer, Renee
Van Wagensveld, Bart A.
Swank, Dingeman J.
Luijten, Arijan
Pijl, Hanno
Burggraaf, Jacobus

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