BACKGROUND: Acupuncture, hypnotherapy, and aversive smoking are the most frequently studied alternative smoking cessation aids. These aids are often used as alternatives to pharmacotherapies for smoking cessation; however, their efficacy is unclear. METHODS: We carried out a random effect meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to determine the efficacy of alternative smoking cessation aids. We systematically searched the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Medline, and PsycINFO databases through December 2010.
Three polydrug abusers undergoing treatment at a drug-free residential facility were administered covert sensitization as an alternative procedure to aversive counterconditioning with faradic stimulation. The clients were able to relax extremely well but experienced difficulties imagining aversive scenes subsequent to the first presentation. Hypnosis was induced and clients were able to imagine every presentation clearly and exhibited some behavioral reactions to suggestions.
Tested the efficacy of a smoking satiation procedure with reduced medical risk. As predicted, experimental taste satiation (holding smoke in the mouth with occasional inhalations) suppressed habitual smoking as effectively as rapid smoking satiation. In view of the extensive relapse problems that follow the singular application of aversive conditioning procedures, follow-up hypnosis and counseling treatments were applied in order to assist Ss in maintaining smoking cessation.
Fortschritte Der Neurologie, Psychiatrie, Und Ihrer Grenzgebiete
This is a comprehensive survey of the different anti-smoking therapies indicating the difficulty of comparing one method to another. It points out the minimum standard to be set for anti-smoking therapies. Reference is also made to advantages and disadvantages of the different kinds of treatment. The account of anti-smoking therapies includes hypnosis, aversion therapies, anti-smoking clinics, medical treatment, polyeclectrical and other methods of therapy. Detailed description is especially to be found of the behavior therapy.
Posttreatment abstinence rates of 50% had been found in a smoking withdrawal program which included group hypnosis and group counseling. A session of rapid smoking was added to the procedures with the intention of further increasing abstinence rates. Only 13% of the smokers exposed to the combined program quit smoking as compared to 38% of the smokers who participated in the same program but with session of group hypnosis excluded. Possible expanations of the obtained results include motivational reduction, procedural deviations, and medical screening.