Avitaminosis

Publication Title: 
Maturitas

The oldest old are among the fastest growing segment of the population and it is important to understand not only the influence of modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition on the achievement of exceptional longevity but also the role, if any, of these factors on maintaining optimal cognitive, mental and physical health into advanced age.

Author(s): 
Hausman, Dorothy B.
Fischer, Joan G.
Johnson, Mary Ann
Publication Title: 
European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP)

Chronic deficiency of various vitamins can influence the occurrence of some chronic degenerative diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular pathology, cataract, arthritis, disorders of the nervous system and photosensitivity. Similarly, vitamin intake can influence various disorders in infants and elderly people, in burns and in subjects following unbalanced diets or undergoing strenuous physical exercise. Among vitamins, beta-carotene, vitamin E and vitamin C have received most attention, particularly in the prevention of oxidative damage from free radicals.

Author(s): 
Filiberti, R.
Giacosa, A.
Brignoli, O.
Publication Title: 
Maturitas

The oldest old are among the fastest growing segment of the population and it is important to understand not only the influence of modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition on the achievement of exceptional longevity but also the role, if any, of these factors on maintaining optimal cognitive, mental and physical health into advanced age.

Author(s): 
Hausman, Dorothy B.
Fischer, Joan G.
Johnson, Mary Ann
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: Information on the micronutrient quality of alternative weight-loss diets is limited, despite the significant public health relevance. OBJECTIVE: Micronutrient intake was compared between overweight or obese women randomly assigned to 4 popular diets that varied primarily in macronutrient distribution. DESIGN: Dietary data were collected from women in the Atkins (n = 73), Zone (n = 73), LEARN (Lifestyle, Exercise, Attitudes, Relationships, Nutrition) (n = 73), and Ornish (n = 72) diet groups by using 3-d, unannounced 24-h recalls at baseline and after 8 wk of instruction.

Author(s): 
Gardner, Christopher D.
Kim, Soowon
Bersamin, Andrea
Dopler-Nelson, Mindy
Otten, Jennifer
Oelrich, Beibei
Cherin, Rise
Publication Title: 
Australian Family Physician

BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective method of weight loss for the treatment of morbid obesity. It is more effective when combined with nutritional care, which is sometimes complex, always ongoing and differs between surgical procedures. In Australia, the three most common bariatric surgical procedures are the adjustable gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy and the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

Author(s): 
Shannon, Caroline
Gervasoni, Ashlee
Williams, Trudy
Publication Title: 
Circulation

High-protein diets have recently been proposed as a "new" strategy for successful weight loss. However, variations of these diets have been popular since the 1960s. High-protein diets typically offer wide latitude in protein food choices, are restrictive in other food choices (mainly carbohydrates), and provide structured eating plans. They also often promote misconceptions about carbohydrates, insulin resistance, ketosis, and fat burning as mechanisms of action for weight loss.

Author(s): 
St Jeor, S. T.
Howard, B. V.
Prewitt, T. E.
Bovee, V.
Bazzarre, T.
Eckel, R. H.
Nutrition Committee of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism of the American Heart Association
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