Back Pain

Publication Title: 
Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing: JOGNN

OBJECTIVE: To conduct an integrative review to evaluate current literature about nonpharmacologic, easily accessible management strategies for pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain (PR-LBPP). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Author(s): 
Kinser, Patricia Anne
Pauli, Jena
Jallo, Nancy
Shall, Mary
Karst, Kailee
Hoekstra, Michelle
Starkweather, Angela
Publication Title: 
Mayo Clinic Proceedings

Although most pain is acute and resolves within a few days or weeks, millions of Americans have persistent or recurring pain that may become chronic and debilitating. Medications may provide only partial relief from this chronic pain and can be associated with unwanted effects. As a result, many individuals turn to complementary health approaches as part of their pain management strategy.

Author(s): 
Nahin, Richard L.
Boineau, Robin
Khalsa, Partap S.
Stussman, Barbara J.
Weber, Wendy J.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Yoga

Considerable amount of money spent in health care is used for treatments of lifestyle related, chronic health conditions, which come from behaviors that contribute to morbidity and mortality of the population. Back and neck pain are two of the most common musculoskeletal problems in modern society that have significant cost in health care. Yoga, as a branch of complementary alternative medicine, has emerged and is showing to be an effective treatment against nonspecific spinal pain.

Author(s): 
Crow, Edith Meszaros
Jeannot, Emilien
Trewhela, Alison
Publication Title: 
Mayo Clinic Proceedings

Although most pain is acute and resolves within a few days or weeks, millions of Americans have persistent or recurring pain that may become chronic and debilitating. Medications may provide only partial relief from this chronic pain and can be associated with unwanted effects. As a result, many individuals turn to complementary health approaches as part of their pain management strategy.

Author(s): 
Nahin, Richard L.
Boineau, Robin
Khalsa, Partap S.
Stussman, Barbara J.
Weber, Wendy J.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is commonly used to treat back pain, but there is no published meta-analysis of trials of its effectiveness for this condition. OBJECTIVE: To perform a meta-analysis of trials of acupuncture for the treatment of back pain. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to retrieve all randomized controlled trials of any form of acupuncture for any type of back pain in humans. The adequacy of the acupuncture treatment was assessed by consulting 6 experienced acupuncturists.

Author(s): 
Ernst, E.
White, A. R.
Publication Title: 
Pain

The objectives of the study were (1) to carry out a systematic review to assess the analgesic efficacy and the adverse effects of acupuncture compared with placebo for back and neck pain and (2) to develop a new tool, the Oxford Pain Validity Scale (OPVS), to measure validity of findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and to enable ranking of trial findings according to validity within qualitative reviews. Published RCTs (of acupuncture at both traditional and non-traditional points) were identified from systematic searching of bibliographic databases (e.g.

Author(s): 
Smith, L. A.
Oldman, A. D.
McQuay, H. J.
Moore, R. A.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: More than a third of women experience back pain during pregnancy. The pain can interfere with work, daily activities and sleep. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the review was to assess the effects of preventive interventions and treatments for pelvic and back pain in pregnancy. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register (October 2001) and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (The Cochrane Library, Issue 3, 2001).

Author(s): 
Young, G.
Jewell, D.
Publication Title: 
Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is commonly used to treat back pain. A meta-analysis of clinical trials of acupuncture for this condition came to a positive conclusion whilst a qualitative review was negative. AIM: To compare our meta-analysis of trials of acupuncture for the treatment of back pain with a qualitative review and the most recent studies on the subject. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to retrieve all randomised controlled trials of any form of acupuncture for any type of back pain in humans.

Author(s): 
Ernst, E.
White, A. R.
Wider, B.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Few treatments for back pain are supported by strong scientific evidence. Conventional treatments, although widely used, have had limited success. Dissatisfied patients have, therefore, turned to complementary and alternative medical therapies and providers for care for back pain. PURPOSE: To provide a rigorous and balanced summary of the best available evidence about the effectiveness, safety, and costs of the most popular complementary and alternative medical therapies used to treat back pain. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register.

Author(s): 
Cherkin, Daniel C.
Sherman, Karen J.
Deyo, Richard A.
Shekelle, Paul G.
Publication Title: 
Fortschritte Der Neurologie-Psychiatrie

Back pain has to be classified by localisation, duration, and existence or absence of neurological deficits. Therapy mainly depends on the severity of neurological symptoms. The time period between the onset of symptoms and efficient therapy should be short in order to prevent the development of chronic pain. Therefore a sufficient, consistent and evidence-based conservative treatment should be initiated early on, with the only exception of special emergency situations as described further down in this article.

Author(s): 
Weiland, T.
Wessel, K.

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