Bangladesh

Publication Title: 
BMJ open

OBJECTIVES: Optimal control of type 2 diabetes is challenging in many patient populations including in South Asian patients. We systematically reviewed studies on the effect of diabetes management interventions targeted at South Asian patients with type 2 diabetes on glycaemic control. DESIGN: Systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and pre-post-test studies (January 1990 to February 2014). Studies were stratified by where interventions were conducted (South Asia vs Western countries).

Author(s): 
Bhurji, N.
Javer, J.
Gasevic, D.
Khan, N. A.
Publication Title: 
BMJ open

OBJECTIVES: Optimal control of type 2 diabetes is challenging in many patient populations including in South Asian patients. We systematically reviewed studies on the effect of diabetes management interventions targeted at South Asian patients with type 2 diabetes on glycaemic control. DESIGN: Systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and pre-post-test studies (January 1990 to February 2014). Studies were stratified by where interventions were conducted (South Asia vs Western countries).

Author(s): 
Bhurji, N.
Javer, J.
Gasevic, D.
Khan, N. A.
Publication Title: 
African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines: AJTCAM

Diabetes mellitus is an endocrinological disorder arising from insulin deficiency or due to ineffectiveness of the insulin produced by the body. This results in high blood glucose and with time, to neurological, cardiovascular, retinal and renal complications. It is a debilitating disease and affects the population of every country of the world. Around 200 million people of the world suffer from this disease and this figure is projected to rise to 300 million in the coming years.

Author(s): 
Rahmatullah, Mohammed
Azam, Md Nur Kabidul
Khatun, Zubaida
Seraj, Syeda
Islam, Farhana
Rahman, Md Atiqur
Jahan, Sharmin
Aziz, Md Shah
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: There is very limited information regarding plants used by traditional healers in Rangamati, Bangladesh, for treating general ailments. Current study provides significant ethnopharmacological information, both qualitative and quantitative on medical plants in Rangamati. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to collect, analyze and evaluate the rich ethnopharmacologic knowledge on medicinal plants in Rangamati and attempted to identify the important species used in traditional medicine.

Author(s): 
Kadir, Mohammad Fahim
Bin Sayeed, Muhammad Shahdaat
Mia, M. M. K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

BACKGROUND: The usage of medicinal plants is traditionally rooted in Bangladesh and still an essential part of public healthcare. Recently, a dramatically increasing prevalence brought diabetes mellitus and its therapy to the focus of public health interests in Bangladesh. We conducted an ethnobotanical survey to identify the traditional medicinal plants being used to treat diabetes in Bangladesh and to critically assess their anti-diabetic potentials with focus on evidence-based criteria.

Author(s): 
Ocvirk, Soeren
Kistler, Martin
Khan, Shusmita
Talukder, Shamim Hayder
Hauner, Hans
Publication Title: 
Psychiatria Danubina

A higher rate of psychosis has been observed in immigrant populations as compared to the indigenous populations of the UK. Specifically, second generation immigrants (born in the UK) have been noted to have the highest risk. This phenomenon has been attributed to a number of genetic and social factors such as problems with acculturation. Previous studies in Luton, Bedfordshire have shown that the Bangladeshi community experience the highest rate of psychosis above all other ethnic minorities in this area.

Author(s): 
Tahira, Aisha
Agius, Mark
Publication Title: 
BMC pregnancy and childbirth

BACKGROUND: According to the Office for National Statistics, approximately a quarter of women giving birth in England and Wales are from minority ethnic groups. Previous work has indicated that these women have poorer pregnancy outcomes than White women and poorer experience of maternity care, sometimes encountering stereotyping and racism. The aims of this study were to examine service use and perceptions of care in ethnic minority women from different groups compared to White women. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from a survey of women in 2010 was undertaken.

Author(s): 
Henderson, Jane
Gao, Haiyan
Redshaw, Maggie
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Forty-four Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Bangladesh and 22 from western Thailand were successfully tested for their drug susceptibility. High degrees of resistance were observed against chloroquine with geometric mean IC50s of 114.25 and 120.5 nM, respectively, for Bangladesh and western Thailand. Most isolates from both sites were sensitive to quinine, and all were sensitive to artesunate.

Author(s): 
Noedl, H.
Faiz, M. A.
Yunus, E. B.
Rahman, M. R.
Hossain, M. A.
Samad, R.
Miller, R. S.
Pang, L. W.
Wongsrichanalai, C.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Bangladesh faces increasing levels of chloroquine resistance, and drug sensitivity to sulfadoxine-pyremethamine is already compromised. Therefore, the Ministry of Health recently changed the national treatment guidelines to artemisinin-based combination therapies. The purpose of this study was to determine the baseline therapeutic efficacy of artemether-lumefantrine used as a six-dose regimen for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria.

Author(s): 
Haque, Rashidul
Thriemer, Kamala
Wang, Zhuxi
Sato, Kimi
Wagatsuma, Yukiko
Salam, Mohammed Abdus
Akther, Selim
Akter, Jasmin
Fukuda, Mark
Miller, R. Scott
Noedl, Harald
Publication Title: 
Critical Care Medicine

OBJECTIVE: Markers of oxidative stress are reported to be increased in severe malaria. It has been suggested that the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) may be beneficial in treatment. We studied the efficacy and safety of parenteral NAC as an adjunct to artesunate treatment of severe falciparum malaria. DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial on the use of high-dose intravenous NAC as adjunctive treatment to artesunate. SETTING: A provincial hospital in Western Thailand and a tertiary referral hospital in Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Author(s): 
Charunwatthana, Prakaykaew
Abul Faiz, M.
Ruangveerayut, Ronnatrai
Maude, Richard J.
Rahman, M. Ridwanur
Roberts, L. Jackson
Moore, Kevin
Bin Yunus, Emran
Hoque, M. Gofranul
Hasan, Mahatab Uddin
Lee, Sue J.
Pukrittayakamee, Sasithon
Newton, Paul N.
White, Nicholas J.
Day, Nicholas P. J.
Dondorp, Arjen M.

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