Behavior Control

Publication Title: 
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

Fjorback LO, Arendt M, Ørnbøl E, Fink P, Walach H. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy - a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence for MBSR and MBCT. METHOD: Systematic searches of Medline, PsycInfo and Embase were performed in October 2010. MBSR, MBCT and Mindfulness Meditation were key words. Only randomized controlled trials (RCT) using the standard MBSR/MBCT programme with a minimum of 33 participants were included. RESULTS: The search produced 72 articles, of which 21 were included.

Author(s): 
Fjorback, L. O.
Arendt, M.
Ornbøl, E.
Fink, P.
Walach, H.
Publication Title: 
Danish Medical Journal

We have created a mindfulness approach to treat patients who experience multiple, persistent, and disabling physical symptoms that cannot be explained by a well-defined medical or surgical condition. Randomized controlled trials in this area are few, and research is hampered by the lack of clear definitions. Bodily distress syndrome (BDS) or bodily stress is an empirically defined definition unifying various conditions such as fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and somatization disorder.

Author(s): 
Fjorback, Lone Overby
Publication Title: 
Pediatric Pulmonology

Cystic fibrosis is a fatal chronic illness that primarily affects the respiratory and pancreatic systems. Treatment includes daily medications, enzyme and vitamin supplements, a high-calorie diet, and airway clearance sessions (e.g., chest physiotherapy, exercise). Although this regimen is essential to longevity, families have difficulty adhering to the multiple treatment components. Adherence is especially problematic with diet, chest physiotherapy, and exercise.

Author(s): 
Bernard, Rebecca S.
Cohen, Lindsey L.
Publication Title: 
Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin

Research suggests that not all affirmations of self-worth are created equal-affirming intrinsic aspects of the self (i.e., a person's stable, intrinsic qualities) leads to better outcomes for the individual compared to affirming extrinsic aspects (i.e., a person's deeds and accomplishments). Extending this research to the domain of romantic relationships, the current research compared the relational benefits of recalling intrinsic versus extrinsic affirmations from a romantic partner among people high versus low in baseline relationship satisfaction.

Author(s): 
Gordon, Amie M.
Chen, Serena
Publication Title: 
PloS One

Social preferences like interpersonal altruism, fairness, reciprocity and inequity aversion are inherently linked to departures from pure self-interest. During economic interactions, for example, defectors may be punished even if this implies a cost for the punishers. This violation of canonical assumptions in economics indicates that socially oriented decisions may predominate over self-centred stances. Here we explore whether the personal experience of pain changes the balance between self-gain and socially based choices.

Author(s): 
Mancini, Alessandra
Betti, Viviana
Panasiti, Maria Serena
Pavone, Enea Francesco
Aglioti, Salvatore Maria
Publication Title: 
Brazilian Dental Journal

The purpose of this study was to assess differences in the management techniques used by Israeli female and male pediatric dentists. All 112 participants of the meeting of the Israeli Society of Dentistry for Children that was held in February 1999 received a questionnaire which sought information regarding age, sex, behavioral and pharmacological methods used to treat children, having a course in nitrous oxide, general anesthesia, and feelings towards pediatric patients. No differences between female and male dentists were found regarding most management techniques.

Author(s): 
Peretz, Benjamin
Glaicher, Hagit
Ram, Diana
Publication Title: 
Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the parental attitude toward different management techniques used during dental treatment of schoolchildren in Kuwait. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and eighteen parents who accompanied their children to the clinics of Hawally School Oral Health Program in Kuwait participated in this study. The parents viewed a videotape which showed scenes of different behavioral management techniques (BMTs) and then completed a questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Muhammad, Saleh
Shyama, Maddi
Al-Mutawa, Sabiha A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychiatric Research

BACKGROUND: Yoga and meditation have been shown to be effective in alleviating symptoms of depression and anxiety in healthy volunteers and psychiatric populations. Recent work has also indicated that yoga can improve cognitive-behavioural performance and control. Although there have been no controlled studies of the effects of yoga in a prison population, we reasoned that yoga could have beneficial effects in a setting where psychosocial functioning is often low, and the frequency of impulsive behaviours is high.

Author(s): 
Bilderbeck, Amy C.
Farias, Miguel
Brazil, Inti A.
Jakobowitz, Sharon
Wikholm, Catherine
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychiatric Research

BACKGROUND: Yoga and meditation have been shown to be effective in alleviating symptoms of depression and anxiety in healthy volunteers and psychiatric populations. Recent work has also indicated that yoga can improve cognitive-behavioural performance and control. Although there have been no controlled studies of the effects of yoga in a prison population, we reasoned that yoga could have beneficial effects in a setting where psychosocial functioning is often low, and the frequency of impulsive behaviours is high.

Author(s): 
Bilderbeck, Amy C.
Farias, Miguel
Brazil, Inti A.
Jakobowitz, Sharon
Wikholm, Catherine
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychiatric Research

BACKGROUND: Yoga and meditation have been shown to be effective in alleviating symptoms of depression and anxiety in healthy volunteers and psychiatric populations. Recent work has also indicated that yoga can improve cognitive-behavioural performance and control. Although there have been no controlled studies of the effects of yoga in a prison population, we reasoned that yoga could have beneficial effects in a setting where psychosocial functioning is often low, and the frequency of impulsive behaviours is high.

Author(s): 
Bilderbeck, Amy C.
Farias, Miguel
Brazil, Inti A.
Jakobowitz, Sharon
Wikholm, Catherine

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