Behavior Therapy

Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Women commonly use soy products, herbs, and other complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies for menopausal symptoms. Randomized, controlled trials have evaluated the efficacy and short-term safety of these therapies. PURPOSE: To review randomized, controlled trials of CAM therapies for menopausal symptoms in order to better inform practice and guide future research.

Author(s): 
Kronenberg, Fredi
Fugh-Berman, Adriane
Publication Title: 
Pediatrics

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Various nonpharmacologic treatments are available for pediatric abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders (AP-FGIDs). Data on efficacy and safety are scarce. The goal of this study was to summarize the evidence regarding nonpharmacologic interventions for pediatric AP-FGIDs: lifestyle interventions, dietary interventions, behavioral interventions, prebiotics and probiotics, and alternative medicine. METHODS: Searches were conducted of the Medline and Cochrane Library databases.

Author(s): 
Rutten, Juliette M. T. M.
Korterink, Judith J.
Venmans, Leonie M. A. J.
Benninga, Marc A.
Tabbers, Merit M.
Publication Title: 
Menopause (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: To update and expand The North American Menopause Society's evidence-based position on nonhormonal management of menopause-associated vasomotor symptoms (VMS), previously a portion of the position statement on the management of VMS. METHODS: NAMS enlisted clinical and research experts in the field and a reference librarian to identify and review available evidence. Five different electronic search engines were used to cull relevant literature. Using the literature, experts created a document for final approval by the NAMS Board of Trustees.

Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Many nonpharmacologic therapies are available for treatment of low back pain. PURPOSE: To assess benefits and harms of acupuncture, back schools, psychological therapies, exercise therapy, functional restoration, interdisciplinary therapy, massage, physical therapies (interferential therapy, low-level laser therapy, lumbar supports, shortwave diathermy, superficial heat, traction, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and ultrasonography), spinal manipulation, and yoga for acute or chronic low back pain (with or without leg pain).

Author(s): 
Chou, Roger
Huffman, Laurie Hoyt
American Pain Society
American College of Physicians
Publication Title: 
Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of children and adolescents, with a significant impact on health services and the community in terms of economic and social burdens. The objective of this systematic review will be to evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments in children and adolescents with ADHD.

Author(s): 
Catalá-López, Ferrán
Hutton, Brian
Núñez-Beltrán, Amparo
Mayhew, Alain D.
Page, Matthew J.
Ridao, Manuel
Tobías, Aurelio
Catalá, Miguel A.
Tabarés-Seisdedos, Rafael
Moher, David
Publication Title: 
Health Technology Assessment (Winchester, England)

BACKGROUND: Premature ejaculation (PE) is commonly defined as ejaculation with minimal sexual stimulation before, on or shortly after penetration and before the person wishes it. PE can be either lifelong and present since first sexual experiences (primary), or acquired (secondary), beginning later (Godpodinoff ML. Premature ejaculation: clinical subgroups and etiology. J Sex Marital Ther 1989;15:130-4). Treatments include behavioural and pharmacological interventions.

Author(s): 
Cooper, Katy
Martyn-St James, Marrissa
Kaltenthaler, Eva
Dickinson, Kath
Cantrell, Anna
Publication Title: 
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences = Hua Zhong Ke Ji Da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ying De Wen Ban = Huazhong Keji Daxue Xuebao. Yixue Yingdewen Ban

To get formed of the status of research and application of the domestic behavior therapy and its development trend, the time distribution and the subject distribution were bibliometrically analyzed of the literature on behavior therapy from 1981 to 2000 in the CBMdisc. Our results showed that the number of literature of behavior therapy has been increasing in exponential manner over the past 20 years; the behavior modification, the biofeedback and the cognitive therapy are extensively used in China.

Author(s): 
Zhao, Shanming
Neng, Changhua
Wu, Hanrong
Publication Title: 
Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of children and adolescents, with a significant impact on health services and the community in terms of economic and social burdens. The objective of this systematic review will be to evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments in children and adolescents with ADHD.

Author(s): 
Catalá-López, Ferrán
Hutton, Brian
Núñez-Beltrán, Amparo
Mayhew, Alain D.
Page, Matthew J.
Ridao, Manuel
Tobías, Aurelio
Catalá, Miguel A.
Tabarés-Seisdedos, Rafael
Moher, David
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Outwardly-directed aggressive behaviour is a significant part of problem behaviours presented by people with intellectual disabilities. Prevalence rates of up to 50% have been reported in the literature, depending on the population sampled. Such behaviours often run a long-term course and are a major cause of social exclusion. This is an update of a previously published systematic review (see Hassiotis 2004; Hassiotis 2008).

Author(s): 
Ali, Afia
Hall, Ian
Blickwedel, Jessica
Hassiotis, Angela
Publication Title: 
Criminal behaviour and mental health: CBMH

BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related violence is of major concern to society. Around half of all violent crimes are alcohol related, and yet interventions for alcohol-related violence are under-developed. Often, offenders receive treatment for substance use or violence, but not the two in nexus. AIM: My aim was to conduct a Rapid Evidence Assessment of interventions with a focus on treating established nonsexual violence in the context of alcohol use, to describe the content of these interventions, where they take place and their effectiveness in reducing alcohol problems and/or violence.

Author(s): 
McMurran, Mary

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