Behavior

Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

A recent methodological approach for human classification, diagnosis, and therapeutics through the combination of current Western constitutional psychology somatotypes and traditional Indian medicine (prakriti) body types and mind (manas) is herein presented. The striking similarities between psychologic somatotypes and Indian medicine body types permits proposal of a finite genopsycho-somatotyping of humans.

Author(s): 
Rizzo-Sierra, Carlos V.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Pharmacology and Chemotherapy

In the Ayurvedic system of medicine, the roots and rhizomes of an indigenous Indian plant Acorus calamus are used together with the roots of Rauwolfia serpentina for treating many mental ailments. The influence of asarone and beta-asarone (the trans and cis forms of 2,4,5-trimethoxy-1-propenyl benzene), two active principles of Acorus calamus, when given alone and together with either reserpine or chlorpromazine, has been studied on the conditioned avoidance response of trained rats, on the fighting behaviour of paired mice subjected to mild foot shock and on electro-convulsions.

Author(s): 
Dandiya, P. C.
Menon, M. K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

A recent methodological approach for human classification, diagnosis, and therapeutics through the combination of current Western constitutional psychology somatotypes and traditional Indian medicine (prakriti) body types and mind (manas) is herein presented. The striking similarities between psychologic somatotypes and Indian medicine body types permits proposal of a finite genopsycho-somatotyping of humans.

Author(s): 
Rizzo-Sierra, Carlos V.
Publication Title: 
The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry

The seven survivors of a shipwreck, involving ten men, were interviewed within a few days of rescue. They had been floating in a rubber raft for 9 days and had thereafter been on an isolated rocky beach for four days. Three of the men walked through dense bush to obtain help. Rescue came on the thirteenth day. The purpose of the authors' examination was to identify those behaviours which the survivors reported as helping them to cope during their ordeal. The most prominent of these were attachment ideation, drive to survive, modelling, prayer and hope.

Author(s): 
Henderson, A. S.
Bostock, F. T.
Publication Title: 
Reproductive Freedom News / from the Center for Reproductive Law & Policy
Publication Title: 
Reproductive Freedom News / from the Center for Reproductive Law & Policy
Publication Title: 
PloS One

Recent neuroimaging studies have identified a set of brain regions that are metabolically active during wakeful rest and consistently deactivate in a variety the performance of demanding tasks. This "default network" has been functionally linked to the stream of thoughts occurring automatically in the absence of goal-directed activity and which constitutes an aspect of mental behavior specifically addressed by many meditative practices.

Author(s): 
Pagnoni, Giuseppe
Cekic, Milos
Guo, Ying
Publication Title: 
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews

Different aspects of personal relationships including social integration, social support, and social conflict have been related to inflammation. This article summarizes evidence linking the quality and quantity of relationships with gene expression, intracellular signaling mechanisms, and inflammatory biomarkers, and highlights the biological and psychological pathways through which close relationships impact inflammatory responses.

Author(s): 
Kiecolt-Glaser, Janice K.
Gouin, Jean-Philippe
Hantsoo, Liisa
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Reproductive Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of retrospectively reported maternal behaviors while attempting pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Participants in a prospective pregnancy cohort study with periconception enrollment were queried about use of cigarettes, alcohol, vitamins and caffeine and the consumption of sport fish while attempting pregnancy. Prospective longitudinal data reported in daily diaries (gold standard) were compared with data obtained a decade later using a self-administered questionnaire. Agreement was assessed by percent agreement and Kappa coefficients.

Author(s): 
Gollenberg, Audra L.
Mumford, Sunni L.
Cooney, Maureen A.
Sundaram, Rajeshwari
Louis, Germaine M. Buck
Publication Title: 
Cerebral Cortex (New York, N.Y.: 1991)

Pain can be modulated by several cognitive techniques, typically involving increased cognitive control and decreased sensory processing. Recently, it has been demonstrated that pain can also be attenuated by mindfulness. Here, we investigate the underlying brain mechanisms by which the state of mindfulness reduces pain. Mindfulness practitioners and controls received unpleasant electric stimuli in the functional magnetic resonance imaging scanner during a mindfulness and a control condition.

Author(s): 
Gard, Tim
Hölzel, Britta K.
Sack, Alexander T.
Hempel, Hannes
Lazar, Sara W.
Vaitl, Dieter
Ott, Ulrich

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