Behavioral Medicine

Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to investigate the efficacy and safety of yoga interventions in treating patients with major depressive disorder. METHODS: MEDLINE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library were screened through December 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing yoga to inactive or active comparators in patients with major depressive disorder were eligible. Primary outcomes included remission rates and severity of depression. Anxiety and adverse events were secondary outcomes. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane tool.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Anheyer, Dennis
Lauche, Romy
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
Psychological Reports

Various psychotherapeutic approaches have been developed to address the psychosocial stressors and distress associated with cancer diagnosis and treatment. One such approach, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), may be particularly well suited to people with cancer as it offers a model of healthy adaptation to difficult circumstances. This paper provides a description and theoretical rationale for using ACT in psychosocial oncology care that emphasizes emotional distress and cancer-related pain and provides a narrative review of the current state of evidence for this setting.

Author(s): 
Fashler, Samantha R.
Weinrib, Aliza Z.
Azam, Muhammad Abid
Katz, Joel
Publication Title: 
Inquiry: A Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing

Concerns about attracting disproportionate numbers of employees with alcohol problems limit employers' willingness to offer health plans with generous alcohol treatment benefits. This paper analyzes two potential avenues of adverse selection, namely biased enrollment into plans and biased exit from plans offered by 57 employers between 1991 and 1997.

Author(s): 
Harris, Katherine M.
Sturm, Roland
Publication Title: 
Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics: JDBP
Author(s): 
Olness, K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics: JDBP

Training in hypnotherapy provides the primary care practitioner with skills needed to address increasingly common, significant sources of childhood morbidity: stressful life events, psychophysiological symptoms, chronic disease, and behavioral problems. Although there are many reports on the utility of hypnosis in these areas, there are few on its use within primary care. This paper describes the integration of hypnotherapeutic methods into the continuum of pediatric encounters in a solo general pediatric practice.

Author(s): 
Sugarman, L. I.
Publication Title: 
Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics: JDBP

Hypnosis, guided imagery, and relaxation have been shown to improve the postoperative course of adult surgical patients. Children have successfully used hypnosis/guided imagery to significantly reduce the pain associated with invasive procedures and to improve selected medical conditions. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of hypnosis/guided imagery on the postoperative course of pediatric surgical patients. Fifty-two children (matched for sex, age, and diagnosis) were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group.

Author(s): 
Lambert, S. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics: JDBP

A survey was taken of graduates of the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics' (SDBP) Pediatric Hypnosis Course to describe the impact of the course on participants' practical knowledge of self-regulation and hypnosis, the acquisition through direct experience of a realistic understanding of hypnosis, their estimation of the value of the course to their practice of pediatrics, their use of techniques learned, what they would communicate to peers in pediatrics about training in this area, and their beliefs concerning barriers to professional interest in learning hypnot

Author(s): 
Mize, W. L.
Publication Title: 
Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal

The vision of recovery is reshaping the fields of mental health and addiction services. This paper reviews how this broad vision is shaping common goals, principles, values and strategies across the two fields. We further examine how a common vision of recovery can positively impact the treatment of co-occurring disorders and speculate on how this vision can bridge the seeming differences between these two fields and reshape a mutual understanding of the essentials of recovery from severe mental illness and addiction.

Author(s): 
Gagne, Cheryl
White, William
Anthony, William A.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Behavioral Medicine: A Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine

BACKGROUND: The use of alternative treatments for illness is common in the United States. Practitioners of these interventions find them compatible with personal philosophies. Consequently, distant intercessory prayer (IP) for healing is one of the most commonly practiced alternative interventions and has recently become the topic of scientific scrutiny. PURPOSE: This study was designed to provide a current meta-analytic review of the effects of IP and to assess the impact of potential moderator variables. METHODS: A random effects model was adopted.

Author(s): 
Masters, Kevin S.
Spielmans, Glen I.
Goodson, Jason T.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

The search for the psychological antecedents of medical disorders has focused on the role of stress and negative emotional states. Previous research in this area has investigated relations between negative emotions and physiological adaptations (e.g., blood pressure elevations), adverse health behaviors (e.g., smoking), and social conditions (e.g., social isolation). In this discussion, we argue that more attention is needed to understand the effects of positive emotional states on health enhancement and disease prevention.

Author(s): 
Chesney, Margaret A.
Darbes, Lynae A.
Hoerster, Kate
Taylor, Jonelle M.
Chambers, Donald B.
Anderson, David E.
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