Bereavement

Publication Title: 
Palliative Medicine

BACKGROUND: Socially excluded populations have poorer access to care; however, little attention has been paid to lesbian, gay, bisexual and/or trans* people. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and/or trans* people are at increased risk of certain life-limiting illnesses and may not receive the care and support they need at the end of life and into bereavement. AIM: To identify and appraise the evidence of the bereavement experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and/or trans* people who have lost a partner and develop an explanatory model of lesbian, gay, bisexual and/or trans* partner bereavement.

Author(s): 
Bristowe, Katherine
Marshall, Steve
Harding, Richard
Publication Title: 
Psychiatry

This paper is written from a psychodynamic clinician's perspective, juxtaposing a psychoanalytic-attachment model of depression with recent developments in neuroscience. Three main components of the attachment approach are described: the role of loss, of childhood trauma predisposing to depression in later life, and failure of co-regulation of role of primitive emotions, such as fear, despair, and helplessness. Blatt's distinction between anaclitic and introjective depression is delineated and related to hyper- and de-activation of the attachment dynamic.

Author(s): 
Holmes, Jeremy
Publication Title: 
The journal of pastoral care & counseling: JPCC

After conducting telephone interviews with 130 next-of-kin whose loved one died, the authors report whether and how chaplains were helpful to these family members. Analysis of their responses indicated that chaplains were helpful in five ways.

Author(s): 
Broccolo, Gerard T.
VandeCreek, Larry
Publication Title: 
Psychiatry Research

There is considerable evidence that optimism, the predisposition to have generalized favorable expectancies for the future, is associated with numerous desirable outcomes. Few studies have examined the association of optimism with emotional distress following the death of a loved one. Doing so is important, because optimism may be an important target for interventions for post-loss psychopathology.

Author(s): 
Boelen, Paul A.
Publication Title: 
American journal of mental retardation: AJMR

Dream reports were collected over a 10-year period as part of an ethnographic study of mentally retarded employees in a sheltered workshop. Deceased loved ones, usually parents or other family members, figured prominently as characters in many of these dreams. Dreams about the dead were often recurring and elicited salient emotional reactions from the dreamers. The various forms that these dreams take and their characteristic thematic content were described for 154 dreams by 60 dreamers.

Author(s): 
Turner, J. L.
Graffam, J. H.
Publication Title: 
MMW Fortschritte der Medizin

The loss of one's partner is always a stressful event. If this loss cannot be adequately coped with, depression, psychosomatic disorders or addictive disorders may result. In the worst case scenario, the victim of such a loss may resort to suicide or even kill the partner insisting on a separation. An active life, new personal contacts, or the support of a self-help group may help suffers to cope with the crisis more readily. Severe disorders--in part determined by the personality structure of the grieving partner--may require treatment by pharmaceuticals or cognitive therapy.

Author(s): 
Weber, S.
Lehmann, E.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care

Lullabies and laments promote new awareness, enculturation, adaptation, and grief expression. These concepts' relevance to palliative care, however, has not been examined. In this study, a music therapist used a grounded theory-informed design to reflexively analyze lullaby and lament qualities, evident in more than 20 years of personal palliative care practice. Thus, the construct "lullament" emerged, which signified helpful moments when patients' and families' personal and sociohistorical relationship with lullabies and laments were actualized.

Author(s): 
O'Callaghan, Clare
Publication Title: 
The Psychoanalytic Quarterly

The author discusses the special role played by Shakespeare's masterpiece Hamlet in the history of psychoanalysis. Freud and many of his followers have treated Hamlet as if he were a real person inhibited by the Oedipus complex. In this presentation, Hamlet is understood as the embodiment of a brilliant artistic endeavor aimed at both revealing and concealing the power of this complex. The author proposes that, if Hamlet is autobiographical, it expresses Shakespeare's inability to mourn and love until a childhood homosexual memory has emerged.

Author(s): 
Bergmann, Martin S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine

OBJECTIVES: A lack of compassion in UK healthcare settings has received much recent attention. This study explores the experiences of people with dementia in the last year of life and time surrounding death and how the presence and lack of compassion, kindness and humanity influenced the experience of care. DESIGN: Qualitative in-depth interviews with bereaved informal carers of people with dementia. SETTING: United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Forty bereaved carers - 31 women and nine men - with an age range of 18-86 years and from wide socioeconomic backgrounds participated.

Author(s): 
Crowther, Jacqueline
Wilson, Kenneth C. M.
Horton, Siobhan
Lloyd-Williams, Mari
Publication Title: 
Health & Social Care in the Community

How to promote compassionate care within public services is a concern in several countries; specifically, some British healthcare scandals highlight poor care for service users who may readily be stigmatised as 'other'. The article therefore aims to understand better the relationship between stigma and compassion. As people bereaved by a drug- or alcohol-related death often experience stigma, the article draws on findings from a major British study, conducted during 2012-2015 by the authors, of people bereaved in this way, in order to see how service provision can be improved.

Author(s): 
Walter, Tony
Ford, Allison
Templeton, Lorna
Valentine, Christine
Velleman, Richard

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