Beverages

Publication Title: 
Ageing Research Reviews

Diet and health clearly are linked intrinsically. Today, more than ever food is functionalized and tailor made for specific groups (e.g. athletes, the elderly, and people with specific conditions). Increased life expectancy has resulted in an increase in the quest for diets which allow for a healthy ageing. In looking back 100 years, we try to assess how of our diets will evolve in the next 100 years and how this may be linked to a 'healthier ageing'.

Author(s): 
Heinrich, Michael
Prieto, JosÈ M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Dentistry

OBJECTIVES: This double blind randomized clinical trial evaluated the longevity of the whitening effect (6-month follow-up) of two carbamide peroxide concentrations used in at-home vital bleaching. METHODS: Ninety-two volunteers with shade mean C1 or darker for the six maxillary anterior teeth were randomized into two balanced groups (n=46) according to bleaching agent concentration: 10% (CP10) or 16% (CP16) carbamide peroxide. Patients were instructed to use the whitening agent in a tray for 2h/day during 3 weeks.

Author(s): 
Meireles, S. S.
Heckmann, S. S.
Santos, I. S.
Della Bona, A.
Demarco, F. F.
Publication Title: 
Bulletin Du Cancer

Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been reported to be more and more frequent among cancer patients in USA. The aim of this study was to analyze among French cancer patients the prevalence of CAM use, focusing on antioxidants (AO) that could interfere with antitumor agents. Seventy-nine patients, treated by antitumor chemotherapy in oncology day care unit, participated to an interview (medium age ?= ?60 years old).

Author(s): 
Thomas-Schoemann, Audrey
Alexandre, Jérôme
Mongaret, Céline
Azibi, Sonia
Dauphin, Alain
Goldwasser, François
Lemare, Francois
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVES: To report the frequency of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use by a population of pregnant women in the UK. DESIGN: Four postal self-completion questionnaires completed at 8, 12, 18 and 32 weeks' gestation provided the source of CAMs used. Questions asked for written descriptions about the use of any treatments, pills, medicines, ointments, homeopathic medicines, herbal medicines, supplements, drinks and herbal teas.

Author(s): 
Bishop, J. L.
Northstone, K.
Green, J. R.
Thompson, E. A.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Artemisia annua L. (annual wormwood) contains the antimalarial artemisinin. Aqueous preparations of the dried herb are included in the pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China for treatment of fever and malaria. Fourteen healthy male volunteers received one liter of tea prepared from nine grams of Artemisia annua leaves. Blood samples were taken and artemisinin was detected by reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography.

Author(s): 
Räth, Karin
Taxis, Katja
Walz, Gitta
Gleiter, Christoph H.
Li, Shu-Ming
Heide, Lutz
Publication Title: 
Planta Medica

A number of flavonoids including casticin and artemetin from Artemisia annua have shown synergism with artemisinin against Plasmodium falciparum, but it is unclear if the flavonoids are also extracted into a tea infusion of the plant. Using a tea infusion preparation protocol that was reported to be highly effective for artemisinin extraction, we measured casticin and artemetin extraction. There was only a 1.8 % recovery of casticin in the infusion while artemetin was undetectable. After 24 hr storage at room temperature, casticin yield declined by 40 %.

Author(s): 
Weathers, Pamela J.
Towler, Melissa J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Backhousia citriodora products are used as bushfoods and flavorings and by the aromatherapy industry. The antimicrobial activity of 4 samples of B. citriodora oil, leaf paste, commercial tea (0.2 and 0.02 g/mL), and hydrosol (aqueous distillate) were tested against 13 bacteria and 8 fungi. Little or no activity was found to be associated with the leaf tea and hydrosol, respectively. Leaf paste displayed antimicrobial activity against 7 bacteria including Clostridium perfringens, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and a hospital isolate of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).

Author(s): 
Wilkinson, Jenny M.
Hipwell, Michael
Ryan, Tracey
Cavanagh, Heather M. A.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVES: To report the frequency of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use by a population of pregnant women in the UK. DESIGN: Four postal self-completion questionnaires completed at 8, 12, 18 and 32 weeks' gestation provided the source of CAMs used. Questions asked for written descriptions about the use of any treatments, pills, medicines, ointments, homeopathic medicines, herbal medicines, supplements, drinks and herbal teas.

Author(s): 
Bishop, J. L.
Northstone, K.
Green, J. R.
Thompson, E. A.
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplement�rmedizin (2006)

BACKGROUND: There is an enormous economical significance of phytotherapy at least in Germany, the huge demand of patients was repeatedly proven. Simultaneously data exist for different application areas and ages as for younger children and pregnancy until birth. The actual neonatal period can be of interest because phytotherapy is used in younger children and until birth, it is not very likely that there is a gap in this period of life. AIM: To give an overview on the current literature on phytotherapy in neonatology.

Author(s): 
Thiel, Michael T.
L�ngler, Alfred
Ostermann, Thomas
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis

Ayurvedic herbal formulations are a good source of several nutrient elements essential for metabolic processes. Pragya-peya, a herbal drink and its 12 herbal constituents have been analyzed for 7 minor (Al, Ca, Cl, Mg, Na, K, P) and 15 trace (Ba, Br, Co, Cr, Cs, Fe, Hg, La, Mn, Rb, Sc, Se, Th, V, Zn) elements by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The method involves thermal neutron irradiation in a reactor followed by counting at several intervals. Also Cd, Cu, Ni and Pb contents were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS).

Author(s): 
Kumar, A.
Nair, A. G. C.
Reddy, A. V. R.
Garg, A. N.

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