Biomedical Research

Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice

OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of published literature regarding the effects of yoga, a promising mind-body therapy, on specific anthropometric and physiologic indices of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and on related clinical endpoints. METHODS: We performed a literature search using 4 computerized English and Indian scientific databases. The search was restricted to original studies (1970 to 2004) evaluating the effects of yoga on CVD or indices of CVD risk associated with the insulin resistance syndrome (IRS).

Author(s): 
Innes, Kim E.
Bourguignon, Cheryl
Taylor, Ann Gill
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychiatric Practice

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to review the evidence for the efficacy of hatha yoga for depression and possible mechanisms by which yoga may have an impact on depression, and to outline directions for future research. METHODS: Literature review and synthesis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: A literature search for clinical trials examining yoga for depression uncovered eight trials: 5 including individuals with clinical depression, and 3 for individuals with elevated depression symptoms.

Author(s): 
Uebelacker, Lisa A.
Epstein-Lubow, Gary
Gaudiano, Brandon A.
Tremont, Geoffrey
Battle, Cynthia L.
Miller, Ivan W.
Publication Title: 
Advances in Mind-Body Medicine

Like other complex, multifaceted interventions in medicine, meditation represents a mixture of specific and not-so-specific elements of therapy. However, meditation is somewhat unique in that it is difficult to standardize, quantify, and authenticate for a given sample of research subjects. Thus, it is often challenging to discern its specific effects in order to satisfy the scientific method of causal inferences that underlies evidence-based medicine. Therefore, it is important to consider the key methodological challenges that affect both the design and analysis of meditation research.

Author(s): 
Caspi, Opher
Burleson, Katherine O.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychiatric Practice

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to review the evidence for the efficacy of hatha yoga for depression and possible mechanisms by which yoga may have an impact on depression, and to outline directions for future research. METHODS: Literature review and synthesis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: A literature search for clinical trials examining yoga for depression uncovered eight trials: 5 including individuals with clinical depression, and 3 for individuals with elevated depression symptoms.

Author(s): 
Uebelacker, Lisa A.
Epstein-Lubow, Gary
Gaudiano, Brandon A.
Tremont, Geoffrey
Battle, Cynthia L.
Miller, Ivan W.
Publication Title: 
Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care

Mindfulness meditation is a useful adjunct to behavioral and medical interventions to manage a range of symptoms, including psychological and physical responses to stress, anxiety, depression, and disruptive behavior. Mindfulness approaches can be taught to children, adolescents, and their parents to improve self-regulation, particularly in response to stress. Mindfulness may be particularly relevant for youth and families who have an increased risk for exposure to chronic stress and unique stressors associated with medical and/or social-contextual considerations.

Author(s): 
Perry-Parrish, Carisa
Copeland-Linder, Nikeea
Webb, Lindsey
Sibinga, Erica M. S.
Publication Title: 
Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi

PURPOSE: This study was done to describe the research trend of Complementary and Alternative Medicine(CAM) in Korea and internationally. METHOD: A Systematic review of CAM related literature published from 2000 to 2005 was done. A comprehensive search by using 34 CAM modalities as search terms to identify all articles dealing with CAM was undertaken from 4 databases: PubMed, RICHIS, KoreaMed, and Riss4U. A Total of 588 abstracts and 223 original articles were reviewed by two independent reviewers using systematic analysis guidelines.

Author(s): 
Oh, Kasil
Kim, Keum Soon
Kwon, So-Hi
Park, Jee Won
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Medicine

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) State-of-the-Science (SoS) Conference on the Management of Menopause-Related Symptoms identified a number of important gaps in our understanding of the natural history of the menopausal transition and the etiology and course of menopause-related symptoms.

Author(s): 
Sherman, Sherry
Miller, Heather
Nerurkar, Lata
Schiff, Isaac
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Though in use for over 200 years, and still benefiting millions of people worldwide today, homeopathy is currently under continuous attacks for being "unscientific." The reasons for this can be understood in terms of what might be called a "New Fundamentalism," emanating particularly but not exclusively from within biomedicine, and supported in some sections of the media. Possible reasons for this are discussed.

Author(s): 
Milgrom, Lionel R.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

Homeopathic medicines are currently used in medical practice, despite controversy about their effectiveness. The preparation method is based on extremely high dilutions of many substances in water, far beyond any detectable level. For this reason, it has been suggested that water could retain a 'memory' of substances that have been dissolved in it before the successive dilutions. The paper stresses the fact that this idea is not compatible with our knowledge of pure water.

Author(s): 
Teixeira, Jose
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

BACKGROUND: Veterinary homeopathy has led a somewhat shadowy existence since its first introduction. Only in the last three decades has the number of clinical trials increased considerably. This literature is generally not well perceived, which may be partly a consequence of the diffuse and somewhat inaccessible nature of some of the relevant research publications. The Veterinary Clinical Research Database for Homeopathy (VetCR) was launched in 2006 to provide information on existing clinical research in veterinary homeopathy and to facilitate the preparation of systematic reviews.

Author(s): 
Clausen, J.
Albrecht, H.
Mathie, R. T.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Biomedical Research