Birds

Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

Previous studies indicated that renal tubular epithelial cells from some long-lived avian species exhibit robust and/or unique protective mechanisms against oxidative stress relative to murine cells.

Author(s): 
Ogburn, C. E.
Carlberg, K.
Ottinger, M. A.
Holmes, D. J.
Martin, G. M.
Austad, S. N.
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

This study examined maximum life span predictions obtained with the Gompertz mortality rate model, which assumes that there is a constant rate of acceleration in the age-related mortality of adult populations. The influence of population size N on the maximum life span (tmax) was shown to be small, because the numeric impact of N is reduced to ln[ln(N)]. In contrast, the Gompertz exponential mortality coefficient alpha has much more influence on the tmax, which varies as 1/alpha.

Author(s): 
Finch, C. E.
Pike, M. C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Four experiments explored the effects of mating motivation on creativity. Even without other incentives to be creative, romantic motives enhanced creativity on subjective and objective measures. For men, any cue designed to activate a short-term or a long-term mating goal increased creative displays; however, women displayed more creativity only when primed to attract a high-quality long-term mate. These creative boosts were unrelated to increased effort on creative tasks or to changes in mood or arousal.

Author(s): 
Griskevicius, Vladas
Cialdini, Robert B.
Kenrick, Douglas T.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Pharmacology and Chemotherapy

Methyldopa potentiated hypnosis due to hexobarbitone in mice, as did reserpine, chlorpromazine and 5-hydroxytryptamine. Methyldopa antagonized the increase by reserpine of sleep due to hexobarbitone, but enhanced the potentiation by chlorpromazine and 5-hydroxytryptamine of hypnosis due to hexobarbitone. The sedative effect of reserpine in mice and the emetic effect in pigeons were also antagonized by methyldopa. However, the effects of reserpine on convulsions due to leptazol and in causing ptosis were not antagonized by methyldopa.

Author(s): 
Benfey, B. G.
Varma, D. R.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Scott, D. L.
Publication Title: 
Acta Psychiatrica Belgica
Author(s): 
Demaret, A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition

Visual search for complex natural targets requires focal attention, either cued by predictive stimulus associations or primed by a representation of the most recently detected target. Because both processes can focus visual attention, cuing and priming were compared in an operant search task to evaluate their relative impacts on performance and to determine the nature of their interaction in combined treatments. Blue jays were trained to search for pairs of alternative targets among distractors.

Author(s): 
Goto, Kazuhiro
Bond, Alan B.
Burks, Marianna
Kamil, Alan C.
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