blood donation

Publication Title: 
Transfusion Medicine (Oxford, England)

Why do people donate blood? Altruism is the common answer. However, altruism is a complex construct and to answer this question requires a systematic analysis of the insights from the biology, economics and psychology of altruism. I term this the mechanism of altruism (MOA) approach and apply it here for understanding blood donor motivation. The answer also has enormous implications for the type of interventions we choose to adopt as a society.

Author(s): 
Ferguson, E.
Publication Title: 
Transfusion Clinique Et Biologique: Journal De La Societe Francaise De Transfusion Sanguine

In order to answer to its aim of standardised self-sufficiency, the …tablissement franÁais du sang (main French national platform for blood donation) needs to know well the donors, what moves them, what motivates them, and the meaning that they give to their action. This knowledge allows the EFS to better understand the different sensitivities among donors, and therefore to improve the strategy regarding loyalty or/and newcomers. In this paper we follow, without attempting to be fully exhaustive, the evolution of the research regarding blood donation.

Author(s): 
Loquier, B.
Zegierman, A.
Pelletier, B.
Publication Title: 
Transfusion and Apheresis Science: Official Journal of the World Apheresis Association: Official Journal of the European Society for Haemapheresis

BACKGROUND: Donations in Turkey are insufficient to cover the high transfusion needs arising from large numbers of thalassemia and sickle cell anemia patients and increasing demands for blood due to advanced surgery and cancer treatment. The most acceptable means to get blood is voluntary blood donation and the blood donor system in Turkey mostly depends on a combination of voluntary and involuntary donors. The main aim of this study is to explore the motivations of Turkish voluntary blood donors toward blood donation and to determine predictors of blood donation motivation.

Author(s): 
Karacan, Eda
Cengiz Seval, Guldane
Aktan, Zeynep
Ayli, Meltem
Palabiyikoglu, Refia
Publication Title: 
Transfusion and Apheresis Science: Official Journal of the World Apheresis Association: Official Journal of the European Society for Haemapheresis

Previous research has found that the statement "Even a penny will help" incorporated in charity donation requests increases compliance. The present study analyzed the effectiveness of this technique using a novel solicitation and an intermediate delay between the statement and the actual execution of the requested act. University students were solicited to give blood during a special one-day drive. Solicitations were made through face-to-face interactions.

Author(s): 
GuÈguen, Nicolas
Publication Title: 
Transfusion Clinique Et Biologique: Journal De La Societe Francaise De Transfusion Sanguine

Blood donation is an act of solidarity. Most often, this act is done on a volunteer basis and, depending on countries and circumstances, is not remunerated. The increase in need, the always-greater number of deferral criteria, the safety issues and the changes in the structures of our societies are among the many subjects for ethical debates.

Author(s): 
Tissot, J.-D.
Garraud, O.
Danic, B.
Cabaud, J.-J.
LefrËre, J.-J.
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

In many low- and middle-income countries blood donations per capita are substantially lower than in advanced economies. In these countries blood supply is mostly collected through directed donations from relatives and friends to individuals needing transfusions or to replace blood used in emergencies. The World Health Organization considers this method of blood supply inefficient compared to undirected voluntary donations.

Author(s): 
Iajya, Victor
Lacetera, Nicola
Macis, Mario
Slonim, Robert
Publication Title: 
Transfusion Medicine (Oxford, England)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: South Africa has a markedly skewed representation where the majority of blood (62%) is presently collected from an ethnically White minority. This study seeks to identify culturally specific factors affecting motivation of donors in South Africa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a qualitative study to evaluate motivators and deterrents to blood donation among Black South Africans. A total of 13 focus groups, comprising a total of 97 Black South Africans, stratified by age and geographic location were conducted.

Author(s): 
Muthivhi, T. N.
Olmsted, M. G.
Park, H.
Sha, M.
Raju, V.
Mokoena, T.
Bloch, E. M.
Murphy, E. L.
Reddy, R.
Publication Title: 
Transfusion Medicine (Oxford, England)

Why do people donate blood? Altruism is the common answer. However, altruism is a complex construct and to answer this question requires a systematic analysis of the insights from the biology, economics and psychology of altruism. I term this the mechanism of altruism (MOA) approach and apply it here for understanding blood donor motivation. The answer also has enormous implications for the type of interventions we choose to adopt as a society.

Author(s): 
Ferguson, E.
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