Blotting, Northern

Publication Title: 
Experimental Cell Research

Cellular senescence is a state of irreversible cell cycle arrest in which normal cells at the end of their lifespan fail to enter into DNA synthesis upon serum or growth factor stimulation. We examined whether proteins required for G1/S cell cycle progression were irreversibly down-regulated in senescent human fibroblasts. Both the 44- and 42-kDa forms of the MAP-kinase protein were expressed at similar levels in young and senescent cells.

Author(s): 
Afshari, C. A.
Vojta, P. J.
Annab, L. A.
Futreal, P. A.
Willard, T. B.
Barrett, J. C.
Publication Title: 
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology

The ID (inhibitor of differentiation or DNA binding) helix-loop-helix proteins are important mediators of cellular differentiation and proliferation in a variety of cell types through regulation of gene expression. Overexpression of the ID proteins in normal human keratinocytes results in extension of culture lifespan, indicating that these proteins are important for epidermal differentiation. Our hypothesis is that the ID proteins are targets of the retinoic acid signaling pathway in keratinocytes.

Author(s): 
Villano, C. M.
White, L. A.
Publication Title: 
Aging Cell

Loss of nonshivering thermogenesis in mice by inactivation of the mitochondrial uncoupling protein gene (Ucp1-/- mice) causes increased sensitivity to cold and unexpected resistance to diet-induced obesity at a young age. To clarify the role of UCP1 in body weight regulation throughout life and influence of UCP1 deficiency on longevity, we longitudinally analyzed the phenotypes of Ucp1-/- mice maintained in a room at 23 degrees C.

Author(s): 
Kontani, Y.
Wang, Y.
Kimura, K.
Inokuma, K.-I.
Saito, M.
Suzuki-Miura, T.
Wang, Z.
Sato, Y.
Mori, N.
Yamashita, H.
Publication Title: 
Genes & Development

Human TRF1-binding protein PinX1 inhibits telomerase activity. Here we report that overexpression of yeast PinX1p (yPinX1p) results in shortened telomeres and decreased in vitro telomerase activity. yPinX1p coimmunoprecipitated with yeast telomerase protein Est2p even in cells lacking the telomerase RNA TLC1, or the telomerase-associated proteins Est1p and Est3p. Est2p regions required for binding to yPinX1p or TLC1 were similar. Furthermore, we found two distinct Est2p complexes exist, containing either yPinX1p or TLC1.

Author(s): 
Lin, Jue
Blackburn, Elizabeth H.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Neuroscience Research

It is widely accepted that the GABAergic system plays an important role in the action of ethanol in vivo. GABA transporter subtype 1 (GAT1) constructs high affinity reuptake sites in the CNS and regulates GABAergic transmissions. In this study, mice lacking the GAT1 were developed by homologous recombination. Both hetero- and homozygous GAT1 mutant mice were tested for ethanol, saccharin or quinine consumption, ethanol-conditioned place preference, ethanol-conditioned taste aversion, ethanol-simulated motor activity, and ethanol-induced sedation/hypnosis.

Author(s): 
Cai, You-Qing
Cai, Guo-Qiang
Liu, Guo-Xiang
Cai, Qing
Shi, Jia-Hao
Shi, Jun
Ma, Sun-Kai
Sun, Xia
Sheng, Zhe-Jin
Mei, Zhen-Tong
Cui, Dafu
Guo, Lihe
Wang, Zhugang
Fei, Jian
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

An extract of the plant Coleus forskohlii has been used for centuries in Ayurvedic medicine to treat various diseases such as hypothyroidism, heart disease, and respiratory disorders. Additionally, complex herbal mixtures containing this extract are gaining popularity in United States for their putative "fat-burning" properties. The active ingredient in C. forskohlii extract is the diterpene compound forskolin.

Author(s): 
Ding, Xunshan
Staudinger, Jeff L.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

Guggulsterone is the active ingredient in gugulipid, an organic extract of the Commiphora mukul plant. Gugulipid has been used for nearly 3000 years in Ayurvedic medicine, mainly as a treatment for arthritis. Herbal practitioners currently use gugulipid therapy in conditions as diverse as rheumatism, coronary artery disease, arthritis, hyperlipidemia, acne, and obesity. The active ingredient in gugulipid is guggulsterone, a plant sterol compound recently identified as a pregnane X receptor (PXR; NR1I2) ligand.

Author(s): 
Ding, Xunshan
Staudinger, Jeff L.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

An extract of the plant Coleus forskohlii has been used for centuries in Ayurvedic medicine to treat various diseases such as hypothyroidism, heart disease, and respiratory disorders. Additionally, complex herbal mixtures containing this extract are gaining popularity in United States for their putative "fat-burning" properties. The active ingredient in C. forskohlii extract is the diterpene compound forskolin.

Author(s): 
Ding, Xunshan
Staudinger, Jeff L.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

Guggulsterone is the active ingredient in gugulipid, an organic extract of the Commiphora mukul plant. Gugulipid has been used for nearly 3000 years in Ayurvedic medicine, mainly as a treatment for arthritis. Herbal practitioners currently use gugulipid therapy in conditions as diverse as rheumatism, coronary artery disease, arthritis, hyperlipidemia, acne, and obesity. The active ingredient in gugulipid is guggulsterone, a plant sterol compound recently identified as a pregnane X receptor (PXR; NR1I2) ligand.

Author(s): 
Ding, Xunshan
Staudinger, Jeff L.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Biological Chemistry

The mechanisms by which amino acids regulate the cell cycle are not well characterized. In this study, we examined the control of hepatocyte proliferation by amino acids and protein intake. In short-term culture, hepatocytes demonstrated normal entry into S phase and cell cycle protein expression in the absence of essential amino acids. However, deprivation of a set of nonessential amino acids (NEAA) potently inhibited cell cycle progression and selectively down-regulated the expression of proliferation-control proteins.

Author(s): 
Nelsen, Christopher J.
Rickheim, David G.
Tucker, Melissa M.
McKenzie, Travis J.
Hansen, Linda K.
Pestell, Richard G.
Albrecht, Jeffrey H.

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