Body Mass Index

Publication Title: 
Disability and Rehabilitation

PURPOSE: Since a distorted body experience and a sedentary lifestyle are central in the course of binge eating disorder (BED), physical therapy might be an interesting add-on treatment. The aim of this study was to systematically review randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating physical therapy on binge eating and physical and mental health in BED patients.

Author(s): 
Vancampfort, Davy
Vanderlinden, Johan
De Hert, Marc
Adámkova, Milena
Skjaerven, Liv Helvik
Catalán-Matamoros, Daniel
Lundvik-Gyllensten, Amanda
Gómez-Conesa, Antonia
Ijntema, Rutger
Probst, Michel
Publication Title: 
Obesity Research & Clinical Practice

The aim of this study was to conduct a comprehensive quantitative synthesis of the effects of mindfulness training interventions on weight-loss and health behaviours in adults with overweight and obesity using meta-analytic techniques. Studies included in the analysis (k=12) were randomised controlled trials investigating the effects of any form of mindfulness training on weight loss, impulsive eating, binge eating, or physical activity participation in adults with overweight and obesity.

Author(s): 
Ruffault, Alexis
Czernichow, Sébastien
Hagger, Martin S.
Ferrand, Margot
Erichot, Nelly
Carette, Claire
Boujut, Emilie
Flahault, Cécile
Publication Title: 
Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on psychological and physical health outcomes in adults who are overweight or obese. METHODS: We searched 14 electronic databases for randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies that met eligibility criteria. Comprehensive Meta-analysis software was used to compute the effect size estimate Hedge's g. RESULTS: Fifteen studies measuring post-treatment outcomes of mindfulness-based interventions in 560 individuals were identified. The average weight loss was 4.2?kg.

Author(s): 
Rogers, Jeffrey M.
Ferrari, Madeleine
Mosely, Kylie
Lang, Cathryne P.
Brennan, Leah
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Chinese Medicine

Obesity is an epidemic health hazard associated with many medical conditions. Lifestyle interventions are foundational to the successful management of obesity. However, the body's adaptive biological responses counteract patients' desire to restrict food and energy intake, leading to weight regain. As a complementary and alternative medical approach, acupuncture therapy is widely used for weight control. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of acupuncture treatment alone and in combination with lifestyle modification.

Author(s): 
Fang, Sijia
Wang, Miao
Zheng, Yiyuan
Zhou, Shigao
Ji, Guang
Publication Title: 
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The prevalence of colonic diverticulosis in Korea is increasing in conjunction with the adoption of western dietary pattern, extension of lifespan, and advances in diagnostic modalities. The clinical characteristics of colonic diverticulosis seem to be gradually becoming similar to those of Western societies. Therefore, factors associated with the clinical characteristics of colonic diverticulosis in Korea were investigated.

Author(s): 
Kim, Sun Young
Kim, You Sun
Kim, Hyun Tae
Kwon, Sun Ok
Oh, Myoung Ki
Cha, In Hye
Ok, Kyeong Sam
Kwak, Cheol Hun
Kim, Jin Nam
Moon, Jeong Seop
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

BACKGROUND: Families of centenarians have high levels of plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, which may have neurological as well as cardiovascular protective effects during aging. Because plasma HDL level declines progressively with aging, we examined whether centenarians with higher plasma HDL levels have better cognitive function.

Author(s): 
Atzmon, Gil
Gabriely, Ilan
Greiner, William
Davidson, Deborah
Schechter, Clyde
Barzilai, Nir
Publication Title: 
Clinical Cardiology

BACKGROUND: Asian Indian women have a higher rate of coronary artery disease (CAD) than do other ethnic groups, despite similar conventional risk factors and lipid profiles. Smaller high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) particle size is associated with reduced cardiac protection or even an increased risk of CAD. Exceptional longevity correlates better with larger HDL-C particle sizes.

Author(s): 
Bhalodkar, Narendra C.
Blum, Steve
Rana, Thakor
Kitchappa, Radha
Bhalodkar, Ami N.
Enas, Enas A.
Publication Title: 
Biogerontology

As the elderly population is increasing rapidly, there is a lot of scientific interest in clarifying the differential life-style, genetic, biochemical and molecular factors contributing to mortality or exceptional longevity. Within the framework of the ZINCAGE project, 249 old (60-85 years) and nonagenarian Greek subjects (>/=85 years old) were recruited and anthropometrical, blood and biochemical indices as well as blood pressure measurements were obtained.

Author(s): 
Kanoni, Stavroula
Dedoussis, George
Manios, Yannis
Malavolta, Marco
Mocchegiani, Eugenio
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

BACKGROUND: Most survival studies of the elderly population have set their baselines for first examinations between 60 and 80 years. The rapidly increasing numbers of exceptionally old persons call for knowledge about determinants of exceptional survival. METHODS: The Swedish Centenarian Study followed 100 centenarians from the age of 100 to death of the entire cohort, by age 111 years. A biomedical, psychological, and social multivariate survival analysis was performed based on factors identified as important in earlier studies of older adults.

Author(s): 
Hagberg, Bo
Samuelsson, Gillis
Publication Title: 
Maturitas

The oldest old are among the fastest growing segment of the population and it is important to understand not only the influence of modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition on the achievement of exceptional longevity but also the role, if any, of these factors on maintaining optimal cognitive, mental and physical health into advanced age.

Author(s): 
Hausman, Dorothy B.
Fischer, Joan G.
Johnson, Mary Ann

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