Bone Density

Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

PURPOSE: This article compares and contrasts two systematic reviews of t'ai chi (TC) interventions on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. The aim is to examine how chosen quality rating instruments can impact systematic reviews of TC literature. METHODS: The rating instruments in the reviews, the three-item scale of Jadad et al. and the ad hoc checklist of Wayne et al., were analyzed using Oxman's evaluation criteria for systematic reviews regarding inclusion of articles, interpretation of results, and overall implications for the efficacy of TC on bone mineral density.

Author(s): 
Alperson, Sunny Y.
Berger, Vance W.
Publication Title: 
Current Aging Science

Tai Chi is a traditional Chinese form of conditioning exercise derived from martial arts and rooted in eastern philosophy and Chinese Medicine. Based on the inter-relatedness of mind, body and spirit this form of exercise focuses on producing an inner calmness which is thought to have both physical and psychological therapeutic value. This article provides a brief overview of selected current evidence examining the relationship between Tai Chi and physical, neurocognitive and psychosocial outcomes in older people.

Author(s): 
Blake, Holly
Hawley, Helen
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Tai Chi (TC) is a mind-body exercise that shows potential as an effective and safe intervention for preventing fall-related fractures in the elderly. Few randomized trials have simultaneously evaluated TC's potential to reduce bone loss and improve fall-predictive balance parameters in osteopenic women. METHODS: In a pragmatic randomized trial, 86 post-menopausal osteopenic women, aged 45-70, were recruited from community clinics. Women were assigned to either nine months of TC training plus usual care (UC) vs. UC alone.

Author(s): 
Wayne, Peter M.
Kiel, Douglas P.
Buring, Julie E.
Connors, Ellen M.
Bonato, Paolo
Yeh, Gloria Y.
Cohen, Calvin J.
Mancinelli, Chiara
Davis, Roger B.
Publication Title: 
Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine

In the last 2 decades, a growing body of research aimed at investigating the health benefits of Tai Chi in various chronic health conditions has been recognized in the literature. This article reviewed the history, the philosophy, and the evidence for the role of Tai Chi in a few selected chronic pain conditions. The ancient health art of Tai Chi contributes to chronic pain management in 3 major areas: adaptive exercise, mind-body interaction, and meditation. Trials examining the health benefit of Tai Chi in chronic pain conditions are mostly low quality.

Author(s): 
Peng, Philip W. H.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Chinese Medicine

This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a 12-week Baduanjin qigong training program in preventing bone loss for middle-aged women. An experimental design was adopted, and subjects were assigned randomly into an experimental group (n = 44) and a control group (n = 43). The experimental group received a 12-week Baduanjin qigong training program, whereas the control group did not. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and bone mineral density (BMD) were measured before and after the intervention.

Author(s): 
Chen, Hsing-Hsia
Yeh, Mei-Ling
Lee, Fang-Ying
Publication Title: 
Western Journal of Nursing Research

Regular exercise has been shown to benefit its practitioners and prevent and control diseases. Muscle/Tendon Change Classic (MTCC) qigong, characterized by simple, slow, and full-body exercise, is appropriate for the middle-age population. This study aims to evaluate the effect of the MTCC qigong program in improving physical status for middle-aged women. A quasi-experimental design was used. The experimental group (n = 37) received an 8-week MTCC qigong program, whereas the control group (n = 34) received none.

Author(s): 
Tsai, Yi-Kuei
Chen, Hsing-Hsia
Lin, I.-Hsin
Yeh, Mei-Ling
Publication Title: 
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung I Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine

OBJECTIVE: This study was originally designed to observe the effects of propranolol (a beta-blocker) and Zhigancao Decoction ([Chinese characters: see test] ZGCD) on bone mass in ovariectomized rats. METHODS: Thirty-eight female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups initially, a sham-operated group (Sham, n=7), a model ovariectomized (OVX) group (Model, n=7), a propranolol group (Pro, n=12) and a ZGCD group (ZGCD, n=12). After 15 weeks of treatment, the expected effects were not found.

Author(s): 
Zhang, Wenping
Kanehara, Masayuki
Zhang, Yanjun
Guo, Yi
Urata, Shigeru
Nakazawa, Hiroyuki
Murakami, Takayasu
Takeda, Atushi
Ishida, Torao

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