Bone Density

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Lack of physical stimulation may contribute to metabolic bone disease of preterm infants resulting in poor bone mineralization and growth. Physical activity programs in the presence of adequate nutrition might help to promote bone mineralization and growth. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this review was to assess whether physical activity programs in preterm infants improve bone mineralization and growth and reduce the risk of fractures.

Author(s): 
Schulzke, S. M.
Trachsel, D.
Patole, S. K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: The objective was to study the effect of the add-on yogic prana energization technique (YPET) on healing of fresh fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty (30) patients (22 men and 8 women) between 18 and 55 years with simple extra-articular fractures of long and short bones were selected from the outpatient department of Ebnezar Orthopaedic Centre and Parimala Speciality Hospital, Bengaluru. They were randomized into yoga (n = 15) and control (n = 15) groups. Compound, complicated, pathologic fractures, old fractures, and those associated with dislocations were excluded.

Author(s): 
Oswal, Pragati
Nagarathna, Raghuram
Ebnezar, John
Nagendra, Hongasandra Ramarao
Publication Title: 
Brazilian Oral Research

Osteoporosis, a disease characterized by progressive bone loss, has been the target of several studies in the past few years. It results in a much higher risk for fractures and might cause slower bone lesion healing. The aim of this work was to study the effects of Risedronate (allopathic medicine) and Calcarea phosphorica 6CH (homeopathic medicine) on the repair of bone lesions in male rats with osteoporosis induced by castration. Eighty-four three-month-old rats were used divided into four groups of twenty-one animals each.

Author(s): 
Werkman, Cristina
Senra, Giselle Segnini
da Rocha, Rosilene Fernandes
Brandão, Adriana Aigotti Haberbeck
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Honey is a highly nutritional natural product that has been widely used in folk medicine for a number of therapeutic purposes. We evaluated whether Malaysian Tualang honey (AgroMas, Malaysia) was effective in reducing menopausal syndrome in ovariectomised female rats; an animal model for menopause. METHODS: The rats were divided into two control groups and three test groups. The control groups were sham-operated (SH) and ovariectomised (OVX) rats. The SH and OVX control rats were fed on 0.5 ml of distill water.

Author(s): 
Zaid, Siti S. M.
Sulaiman, Siti A.
Sirajudeen, Kuttulebbai N. M.
Othman, Nor H.
Publication Title: 
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland)

Dried root of Rehmannia glutinosa is a kidney-tonifying herbal medicine with a long history of safe use in traditional folk medicine for the treatment of joint diseases. This study was conducted to investigate prevention of bone loss by a standardized dried root of R. glutinosa in an ovariectomized (OVX) rat model of osteoporosis. The OVX groups were divided into five groups treated with distilled water, 17β-estradiol (E2 10 µg/kg, once daily, i.p) and dried root of R. glutinosa extracts (DRGE 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg, twice daily, p.o) for eight weeks.

Author(s): 
Lim, Dong Wook
Kim, Yun Tai
Publication Title: 
Nutrición Hospitalaria

BACKGROUND: The Cissus sicyoides, popularly called insulin plant, the drink is widely used in folk medicine to control glycemia. However, there are not enough datas about the effect of Cissus sicyoides on bone physiology. Thus, the goal was evaluate the glycemia and femur parameters in male rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Wistar male rats with 12 weeks were divided control group (C) and treated with 5% of Cissus sicyoides (CS). After 42 days of treatment the groups were sacrificed and the body mass (g), glycemia, body organs and femur parameters were assessed.

Author(s): 
Alves da Silva, Paula Cristina
da Silva Leal, Adriana
Correia dos Santos, André Manoel
Soares da Costa, Carlos Alberto
Teles Boaventura, Gilson
Oliveira Sabaa Srur, Armando Ubirajara
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Recently, vegetarian diets have experienced an increase in popularity. A vegetarian diet is associated with many health benefits because of its higher content of fiber, folic acid, vitamins C and E, potassium, magnesium, and many phytochemicals and a fat content that is more unsaturated. Compared with other vegetarian diets, vegan diets tend to contain less saturated fat and cholesterol and more dietary fiber. Vegans tend to be thinner, have lower serum cholesterol, and lower blood pressure, reducing their risk of heart disease.

Author(s): 
Craig, Winston J.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: The association between vegetarian diets and bone mineral density (BMD) is controversial because of conflicting findings from previous studies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of vegetarian diets on BMD by using a meta-analytic approach. DESIGN: A systematic electronic literature search was conducted to identify all relevant articles on the association between vegetarian diet and BMD. Nine studies of 2749 subjects (1880 women and 869 men) were included in the analysis.

Author(s): 
Ho-Pham, Lan T.
Nguyen, Nguyen D.
Nguyen, Tuan V.
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

BACKGROUND: Higher protein diets are promoted for effective weight loss. Striated tissues in omnivorous diets contain high-quality protein, but limited data exist regarding their effects on bone. METHODS: To examine the effects of energy restriction-induced weight loss with higher protein omnivorous diets versus lower protein vegetarian diets on bone mineral density in overweight postmenopausal women, two randomized controlled feeding studies were conducted.

Author(s): 
Campbell, Wayne W.
Tang, Minghua
Publication Title: 
Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism

INTRODUCTION: Vegetarian diets can be healthy when they are well balanced and if a variety of foods is consumed. However, elimination of animal products from the diet (vegan diets) decreases the intake of some essential nutrients and may influence the bone metabolism. This is especially important in childhood and adolescence, when growth and bone turnover are most intensive. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of vegan diet on bone density (BMD) density and serum concentrations of bone metabolism markers.

Author(s): 
Ambroszkiewicz, Jadwiga
Klemarczyk, Witold
Gajewska, Joanna
Chełchowska, Magdalena
Franek, Edward
Laskowska-Klita, Teresa

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