Bone Diseases

Publication Title: 
Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology

Calcium deficiency is a constant menace to land-abiding animals, including mammals. Humans enjoying exceptional longevity on earth are especially susceptible to calcium deficiency in old age.

Author(s): 
Fujita, T.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology

Calcium deficiency is a constant menace to land-abiding animals, including mammals. Humans enjoying exceptional longevity on earth are especially susceptible to calcium deficiency in old age.

Author(s): 
Fujita, T.
Publication Title: 
Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) have experienced marked improvements in longevity over the last three decades, bone disease has emerged as a new problem. Bone disease in CF has not been previously reviewed in this journal. Therefore, this review will give a brief overview of bone disease in CF and then concentrate on treatment options. RECENT FINDINGS: In some series, as many as three fourths of adults with CF have low bone density.

Author(s): 
Aris, Robert
Lester, Gayle
Ontjes, David
Publication Title: 
Minerva Ortopedica
Author(s): 
Vannoni, S.
Brugnoli, A.
Publication Title: 
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increase risk for bone loss and fractures. Therefore, in the present study, we examined the effect of experimental IBD on bone health. METHODS: We used a murine model of colitis, Helicobacter hepaticus-infected interleukin-10-deficient animals. Molecular and histological properties of bone and intestine were examined to identify the immunopathological consequences of colitis in male and female mice.

Author(s): 
Irwin, Regina
Lee, Taehyung
Young, Vincent B.
Parameswaran, Narayanan
McCabe, Laura R.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Endocrinology

Women have become increasingly physically active in recent decades. While exercise provides substantial health benefits, intensive exercise is also associated with a unique set of risks for the female athlete. Hypothalamic dysfunction associated with strenuous exercise, and the resulting disturbance of GnRH pulsatility, can result in delayed menarche and disruption of menstrual cyclicity. Specific mechanisms triggering reproductive dysfunction may vary across athletic disciplines.

Author(s): 
Warren, M. P.
Perlroth, N. E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

The Lateral Recess Syndrome (LRS) represents stenosis of the lateral subarticular gutter that will often lead to nerve root compression. The most common etiology is hypertrophy of the superior articular facets, associated with lumbar instability and arthrosis of the posterior joint complex. The diagnosis may be made clinically with a routine lumbosacral x-ray series, but is not definitive without the use of CT scanning. Recent studies indicate that spinal manipulation can provide relief and should be considered before surgical referral is made for decompression.

Author(s): 
Ben-Eliyahu, D. J.
Rutili, M. M.
Przybysz, J. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

The use of plain film radiography has long been a staple of the chiropractic profession. Radiographic examinations are a valuable tool in the chiropractic diagnosis of a patient's condition. This study shows the results of a review of all the radiographic examinations performed in the Janse Chiropractic Clinic during the 1982 calendar year. The diagnosis are classed as musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary, or abdominal.

Author(s): 
Kovach, S. G.
Huslig, E. L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

The use of neuromusculoskeletal thermography is rapidly increasing. Recent studies have begun to document the types of diagnostic and other clinically useful information which may be derived from the procedure. This paper provides a review and summary of current research and a comparison with myelography, computerized tomography, electromyography and clinical and surgical findings in cases of presumed musculoskeletal pain syndromes. The importance of diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, and accuracy (validity) are discussed.

Author(s): 
Meeker, W. C.
Gahlinger, P. M.
Publication Title: 
Medical Care

A prospective study was undertaken to characterize 2,000 patients attending a chiropractic teaching clinic and the effectiveness of the care they received. Fifty-two percent of the patients were between 21 and 34 years old; 41% categorized their occupation as professional and 14% as skilled blue collar; 79% presented with musculoskeletal complaints; 44% had low back pain; 41% had complaints less than 1 month; 83% had no work time loss. Eighty-one percent of musculoskeletal diagnoses were reported as strain, with less than 1% intervertebral disc syndrome.

Author(s): 
Nyiendo, J.
Haldeman, S.

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