Brachial Artery

Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging

Acupuncture is a useful tool to treat many diseases, including cardiovascular disorders, but its modulation of stress-related responses is still debated. Aim of this study was to estimate whether the traditional Chinese acupuncture affected the transient impairment of the brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) produced by acute mental stress. In addition, since a high susceptibility to hypnosis attenuates the endothelial dysfunction elicited by mental calculation, the possible interaction between acupuncture and hypnotizability was investigated.

Author(s): 
Jambrik, Zoltan
Chunzeng, Lu
Santarcangelo, Enrica L.
Sebastiani, Laura
Ghelarducci, Brunello
Picano, Eugenio
Publication Title: 
Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension

Night-shift work causes mental stress and lifestyle changes, and is recognized as a risk of cardiovascular diseases associated with impaired endothelial function. Aromatherapy is becoming popular as a complementary therapy that is beneficial for mental relaxation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy on the endothelial function of medical staff after night-shift work. This study consisted of 19 healthy medical personnel (19 men, mean age 32 � 7 years), including 11 physicians and 8 technicians.

Author(s): 
Shimada, Kenei
Fukuda, Shota
Maeda, Kumiko
Kawasaki, Toshihiro
Kono, Yasushi
Jissho, Satoshi
Taguchi, Haruyuki
Yoshiyama, Minoru
Yoshikawa, Junichi
Publication Title: 
AIDS (London, England)

OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease risk among persons with HIV is likely multifactorial, thus testing a variety of available noninvasive vascular ultrasound and other surrogate tests may yield differing results. To address this issue, we assessed multiple metabolic and clinical predictors of endothelial function and carotid intima-media thickness in HIV-infected subjects and compared results with HIV-negative controls.

Author(s): 
Mondy, Kristin E.
de las Fuentes, Lisa
Waggoner, Alan
Onen, Nur F.
Bopp, Coco S.
Lassa-Claxton, Sherry
Powderly, William G.
Davila-Roman, Victor
Yarasheski, Kevin E.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: Studies suggest cardioprotective benefits of dark chocolate containing cocoa. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the acute effects of solid dark chocolate and liquid cocoa intake on endothelial function and blood pressure in overweight adults. DESIGN: Randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind crossover trial of 45 healthy adults [mean age: 53 y; mean body mass index (in kg/m(2)): 30]. In phase 1, subjects were randomly assigned to consume a solid dark chocolate bar (containing 22 g cocoa powder) or a cocoa-free placebo bar (containing 0 g cocoa powder).

Author(s): 
Faridi, Zubaida
Njike, Valentine Yanchou
Dutta, Suparna
Ali, Ather
Katz, David L.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: Essential hypertension is characterized by reciprocal relations between endothelial dysfunction and insulin resistance. Cocoa flavanols stimulate production of the vasodilator nitric oxide from vascular endothelium. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to test the hypothesis that consumption of cocoa may simultaneously lower blood pressure, improve endothelial dysfunction, and ameliorate insulin resistance in subjects with essential hypertension.

Author(s): 
Muniyappa, Ranganath
Hall, Gail
Kolodziej, Terrie L.
Karne, Rajaram J.
Crandon, Sonja K.
Quon, Michael J.
Publication Title: 
Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)

OBJECTIVE: The effect of weight loss on obesity-associated endothelial dysfunction is not clear because of conflicting data, demonstrating both improvement and no change in endothelial function after weight loss in obese subjects. A 2-year prospective study (n = 121) was conducted to examine: (1) the effect of obesity and weight loss (either a low-carbohydrate or and low-fat diet) on flow mediated vasodilatation (FMD), a measure of endothelial function.

Author(s): 
Mohler, Emile R.
Sibley, Alexandra A.
Stein, Richard
Davila-Roman, Victor
Wyatt, Holly
Badellino, Karen
Rader, Daniel J.
Klein, Samuel
Foster, Gary D.
Publication Title: 
Psychosomatic Medicine

OBJECTIVES: Psychological stress may play a role in metabolic syndrome. A consequence of metabolic syndrome is endothelial dysfunction, which is also influenced by psychological stress. We sought to compare the effect of consciously resting meditation (CRM), a sound based meditation, with a control intervention of health education (HE) on endothelial function in the setting of metabolic syndrome.

Author(s): 
Vaccarino, Viola
Kondwani, Kofi A.
Kelley, Mary E.
Murrah, Nancy V.
Boyd, Linda
Ahmed, Yusuf
Meng, Yuan X.
Gibbons, Gary H.
Hooper, W. Craig
De Staercke, Christine
Quyyumi, Arshed A.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

OBJECTIVE: To determine if lower extremity exercise-induced muscle injury reduces vascular endothelial function of the upper extremity and if massage therapy (MT) improves peripheral vascular function after exertion-induced muscle injury. DESIGN: Randomized, blinded trial with evaluations at 90 minutes, 24 hours, 48 hours, and 72 hours. SETTING: Clinical research center.

Author(s): 
Franklin, Nina C.
Ali, Mohamed M.
Robinson, Austin T.
Norkeviciute, Edita
Phillips, Shane A.
Publication Title: 
Vascular Health and Risk Management

BACKGROUND: Vegetarianism is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. However, studies of arterial function in vegetarians are limited. METHODS: This study investigated arterial function in vegetarianism by comparing 49 healthy postmenopausal vegetarians with 41 age-matched omnivores. The arterial function of the common carotid artery was assessed by carotid duplex, while the pulse dynamics method was used to measure brachial artery distensibility (BAD), compliance (BAC), and resistance (BAR).

Author(s): 
Su, Ta-Chen
Torng, Pao-Ling
Jeng, Jiann-Shing
Chen, Ming-Fong
Liau, Chiau-Suong
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: n-3 Fatty acid supplementation in adults results in cardiovascular benefits. However, the cardiovascular effects of n-3 supplementation in early childhood are unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate blood pressure (BP) and arterial structure and function in 8-y-old children who had participated in a randomized controlled trial of dietary n-3 and n-6 modification over the first 5 y of life.

Author(s): 
Ayer, Julian G.
Harmer, Jason A.
Xuan, Wei
Toelle, Brett
Webb, Karen
Almqvist, Catarina
Marks, Guy B.
Celermajer, David S.

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