Breast Feeding

Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

During breastfeeding or suckling, maternal oxytocin levels are raised by somatosensory stimulation. Oxytocin may, however, also be released by nonnoxious stimuli such as touch, warm temperature etc. in plasma and in cerebrospinal fluid. Consequently, oxytocin may be involved in physiological and behavioral effects induced by social interaction in a more general context. In both male and female rats oxytocin exerts potent physiological antistress effects.

Author(s): 
Uvnäs-Moberg, K.
Publication Title: 
Infant Behavior & Development

Although a large literature supports the benefits of breastfeeding, this review suggests that breastfeeding is less common among postpartum depressed women, even though their infants benefit from the breastfeeding. Depressed mothers, in part, do not breastfeed because of their concern about potentially negative effects of antidepressants on their infants. Although sertraline (Zoloft) and paroxetine (Paxol) concentrations are not detectable in infants' sera, fluoxetine (Prozac) and citalopram (Celexa) do have detectable levels.

Author(s): 
Field, Tiffany
Publication Title: 
The journal of nursing research: JNR

BACKGROUND: Breast engorgement is a common problem that affects the initiation and duration of breastfeeding. Limited solutions are available to relieve the discomfort associated with breast engorgement. Thus, further investigation of methods to achieve effective relief of symptoms is critical to promote breastfeeding success. PURPOSE: : The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of two breast care methods, that is, scraping (Gua-Sha) therapy (administered to the experimental group) and traditional breast care (i.e., massage and heating; administered to the control group).

Author(s): 
Chiu, Jin-Yu
Gau, Meei-Ling
Kuo, Shu-Yu
Chang, Yung-Hsien
Kuo, Su-Chen
Tu, Hui-Chuan
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

To explore traditional neonatal beliefs and care practices and to assess the predictors for giving prelacteal feeds, a qualitative and quantitative study was conducted in low socioeconomic settlements of Karachi, Pakistan. Five focus group discussions and 15 in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted in July and August 2000; structured questionnaires were administered to 525 recently delivered women through November. Antenatal care coverage was common; a little over half of the women delivered at home with traditional birth attendants.

Author(s): 
Fikree, Fariyal F.
Ali, Tazeen S.
Durocher, Jill M.
Rahbar, Mohammad Hossein
Publication Title: 
Pediatrics

Swaddling was an almost universal child-care practice before the 18th century. It is still tradition in certain parts of the Middle East and is gaining popularity in the United Kingdom, the United States, and The Netherlands to curb excessive crying. We have systematically reviewed all articles on swaddling to evaluate its possible benefits and disadvantages. In general, swaddled infants arouse less and sleep longer. Preterm infants have shown improved neuromuscular development, less physiologic distress, better motor organization, and more self-regulatory ability when they are swaddled.

Author(s): 
van Sleuwen, Bregje E.
Engelberts, Adèle C.
Boere-Boonekamp, Magda M.
Kuis, Wietse
Schulpen, Tom W. J.
L'Hoir, Monique P.
Publication Title: 
Infant Behavior & Development

Although a large literature supports the benefits of breastfeeding, this review suggests that breastfeeding is less common among postpartum depressed women, even though their infants benefit from the breastfeeding. Depressed mothers, in part, do not breastfeed because of their concern about potentially negative effects of antidepressants on their infants. Although sertraline (Zoloft) and paroxetine (Paxol) concentrations are not detectable in infants' sera, fluoxetine (Prozac) and citalopram (Celexa) do have detectable levels.

Author(s): 
Field, Tiffany
Publication Title: 
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine

Neonatal jaundice is a common physiological problem affecting over half of all full term and most preterm infants. Thus, newborn infants must be monitored for signs of hyperbilirubinemia to prevent acute bilirubin encephalopathy or kernicterus. Evidence exists supporting the benefits of baby massage as a form of mild hand to skin contact, to increase neonatal physical and mental development. In the present study, the effects of gentle baby massage on neonatal jaundice in full term newborn infants were evaluated by a controlled clinical trial.

Author(s): 
Chen, Jun
Sadakata, Mieko
Ishida, Mayumi
Sekizuka, Naoto
Sayama, Mitsuko
Publication Title: 
Prescrire International

Breast-feeding is not advisable in certain situations and some women do not want to breast-feed. If the woman does not breast-feed, lactation ceases after one or two weeks. Where does the evaluation of methods used to prevent onset of lactation stand in 2012? To answer this question, we reviewed the available evidence, based on the standard Prescrire methodology. Among the physical methods sometimes proposed, breast binding causes greater discomfort than wearing a bra. Dopamine agonists, such as bromocriptine, are effective in inhibiting lactation.

Publication Title: 
BMC public health

BACKGROUND: Despite the significant positive effect of exclusive breast-feeding on child health, only 32% of children under 6 months old were exclusively breast-fed in Kenya in 2008. The aim of this study was to explore perceptions and feeding practices of caregivers of children under 6 months old with special attention to the caregivers' indigenous knowledge, perceptions about the health and nutritional problems of their infants, and care-seeking behaviors that affect feeding practices. METHODS: The study was exploratory and used an inductive approach.

Author(s): 
Matsuyama, Akiko
Karama, Mohamed
Tanaka, Junichi
Kaneko, Satoshi
Publication Title: 
BMC pediatrics

BACKGROUND: In infants, vitamin B12 deficiency may be due to an inborn error of absorption and metabolism, or nutritional problems. CASE PRESENTATION: An exclusively breastfed 5-month-old Italian male infant, who was born after a normal full-term pregnancy to a vegan mother who was apparently daily treated with a multivitamin oral preparation during the second and third trimester, was hospitalised because of poor weight gain, feeding difficulties, severe pallor, muscle hypotonia and somnolence.

Author(s): 
Guez, Sophie
Chiarelli, Gabriella
Menni, Francesca
Salera, Simona
Principi, Nicola
Esposito, Susanna

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