Breathing

Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

The modern living lifestyle is known to produce various physical and psychological stresses and subject the individual to produce oxidative stresses as well. The aim of this study has been to assess the effect of yogic breathing exercises (pranayama) on the oxidatives stress. The study group consisted of 30 young male volunteers, trained for the purpose of this study and an equal number of controls were used. The free radicals and Super oxide dismutase levels were measured before the study and at the end of the study.

Author(s): 
Bhattacharya, Sandeep
Pandey, U. S.
Verma, N. S.
Publication Title: 
Thorax

BACKGROUND: Patients with asthma are interested in the use of breathing exercises but their role is uncertain. The effects of the Buteyko breathing technique, a device which mimics pranayama (a yoga breathing technique), and a dummy pranayama device on bronchial responsiveness and symptoms were compared over 6 months in a parallel group study. METHODS: Ninety patients with asthma taking an inhaled corticosteroid were randomised after a 2 week run in period to Eucapnic Buteyko breathing, use of a Pink City Lung Exerciser (PCLE) to mimic pranayama, or a PCLE placebo device.

Author(s): 
Cooper, S.
Oborne, J.
Newton, S.
Harrison, V.
Thompson Coon, J.
Lewis, S.
Tattersfield, A.
Publication Title: 
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

This study was conducted to evaluate the comparative effect of yogic and conventional treatment in diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in a randomized control design. The patients were 22 males, aged 20-50 years, with confirmed diagnosis of diarrhea-predominant IBS.

Author(s): 
Taneja, Indu
Deepak, K. K.
Poojary, G.
Acharya, I. N.
Pandey, R. M.
Sharma, M. P.
Publication Title: 
Chest

Spontaneous pneumothorax is the most common cause of pneumothorax. We report a case of a 29-year-old healthy woman who presented to the emergency department with a spontaneous pneumothorax caused by a yoga breathing technique called Kapalabhati pranayama, or breath of fire. Yoga breathing exercises are commonly practiced, and a limited number of studies have shown various physiologic benefits of yoga breathing. This is the only known report of spontaneous pneumothorax caused by pranayama, but some other rare causes are noted.

Author(s): 
Johnson, Derek B.
Tierney, Mathew J.
Sadighi, Parvis J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate effects of Hatha yoga and Omkar meditation on cardiorespiratory performance, psychologic profile, and melatonin secretion. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty healthy men in the age group of 25-35 years volunteered for the study. They were randomly divided in two groups of 15 each. Group 1 subjects served as controls and performed body flexibility exercises for 40 minutes and slow running for 20 minutes during morning hours and played games for 60 minutes during evening hours daily for 3 months.

Author(s): 
Harinath, Kasiganesan
Malhotra, Anand Sawarup
Pal, Karan
Prasad, Rajendra
Kumar, Rajesh
Kain, Trilok Chand
Rai, Lajpat
Sawhney, Ramesh Chand
Publication Title: 
The Nursing Journal of India

Yoga is a science of Holistic living and not merely a set of Asanas and Pranayama. It is a psycho physical and spiritual science, which aims at the harmonious development of the human body, mind and soul. Yoga is the conscious art of self-discovery. It is a process by which animal man ascends through the stages from normal man to super man and then the divine man. It is an expansion of the narrow constricted egoistic personality to an all-pervasive eternal and blissful state of reality.

Author(s): 
Bhobe, S.
Publication Title: 
The Indian Journal of Medical Research

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Practice of breathing exercises like pranayama is known to improve autonomic function by changing sympathetic or parasympathetic activity. Therefore, in the present study the effect of breathing exercises on autonomic functions was performed in young volunteers in the age group of 17-19 yr. METHODS: A total of 60 male undergraduate medical students were randomly divided into two groups: slow breathing group (that practiced slow breathing exercise) and the fast breathing group (that practiced fast breathing exercise).

Author(s): 
Pal, G. K.
Velkumary, S.
Madanmohan, null
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

Surya Namaskar (SN), a group of Yogic exercise consists of a set of twelve postures which is practiced by some of the yoga practitioners. The present study was undertaken to observe critically the energy cost and different cardiorespiratory changes during the practice of SN. Twenty-one male volunteers from the Indian Army practiced selected Yogic exercises for six days in a week for three months duration. The Yogic practice schedule consisted of Hatha Yogic Asanas (28 min), Pranayama (10.5 min) and Meditation (5 min).

Author(s): 
Sinha, B.
Ray, U. S.
Pathak, A.
Selvamurthy, W.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India

OBJECTIVES: 1. To study the effect of forty days of Yogic exercises on cardiac functions in Type 2 Diabetics. 2. To study the effect of forty days of Yogic exercises on blood glucose level, glycosylated hemoglobin. METHODS: The present study done in twenty-four Type 2 DM cases provides metabolic and clinical evidence of improvement in glycaemic control and autonomic functions. These middle-aged subjects were type II diabetics on antihyperglycaemic and dietary regimen.

Author(s): 
Singh, Savita
Malhotra, V.
Singh, K. P.
Madhu, S. V.
Tandon, O. P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to study the short-term impact of a brief lifestyle intervention based on yoga on some of the biochemical indicators of risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. DESIGN: The variables of interest were measured at the beginning (day 1) and end (day 10) of the intervention using a pre-post design. SETTING: The study is the result of operational research carried out in our Integral Health Clinic (IHC).

Author(s): 
Bijlani, Ramesh L.
Vempati, Rama P.
Yadav, Raj K.
Ray, Rooma Basu
Gupta, Vani
Sharma, Ratna
Mehta, Nalin
Mahapatra, Sushil C.

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