Buddhism

Publication Title: 
Brain and Cognition

The most diffuse forms of meditation derive from Hinduism and Buddhism spiritual traditions. Different cognitive processes are set in place to reach these meditation states. According to an historical-philological hypothesis (Wynne, 2009) the two forms of meditation could be disentangled.

Author(s): 
Tomasino, Barbara
Chiesa, Alberto
Fabbro, Franco
Publication Title: 
Frontiers in Psychology

While it has been suggested that loving-kindness meditation (LKM) is an effective practice for promoting positive emotions, the empirical evidence in the literature remains unclear. Here, we provide a systematic review of 24 empirical studies (N = 1759) on LKM with self-reported positive emotions. The effect of LKM on positive emotions was estimated with meta-analysis, and the influence of variations across LKM interventions was further explored with subgroup analysis and meta-regression.

Author(s): 
Zeng, Xianglong
Chiu, Cleo P. K.
Wang, Rong
Oei, Tian P. S.
Leung, Freedom Y. K.
Publication Title: 
Frontiers in Psychology

Interventions using the "Four Immeasurables Meditations" (FIM) are effective for various outcomes; however, whether increased meditation practice in these interventions leads to better results has not been well investigated. This systematic review included 22 FIM interventions that reported associations between the amount of meditation practice and its outcomes. Despite the heterogeneity in intervention components and outcome variables, there were generally few significant associations between amount of meditation practice and its outcomes.

Author(s): 
Zeng, Xianglong
Chio, Floria H. N.
Oei, Tian P. S.
Leung, Freedom Y. K.
Liu, Xiangping
Publication Title: 
Brain and Cognition

The most diffuse forms of meditation derive from Hinduism and Buddhism spiritual traditions. Different cognitive processes are set in place to reach these meditation states. According to an historical-philological hypothesis (Wynne, 2009) the two forms of meditation could be disentangled.

Author(s): 
Tomasino, Barbara
Chiesa, Alberto
Fabbro, Franco
Publication Title: 
Journal of Religion and Health

Goenka's Vipassana meditation (GVM), a widely applied mindfulness training system rooted in Buddhism, is currently widely used. Although the two abilities cultivated in GVM, awareness and equanimity, exhibit certain similarities with the mindfulness cultivated in mindfulness-based psychotherapies (MBTs), they are not major concerns in MBTs.

Author(s): 
Zeng, Xianglong
Oei, Tian P. S.
Ye, Yiqing
Liu, Xiangping
Publication Title: 
Nihon Ishigaku Zasshi. [Journal of Japanese History of Medicine]

The present paper focuses primarily on a philological and historical study of the Ar?apra?amanis?tra ("The Sütra of the tranquilization of hemorrhoids"). This S?tra is one of the Buddhist scriptures that are characterized by the magico-religious treatment of various diseases, especially by means of "healing spells" (skt. dh?ran? or mantra), as shown by the preliminary survey in our previous paper "The Tradition of healing with magical spells as seen in Buddhist texts", Journal of the Japan Society of Medical History 55/1 (2009), 77-96.

Author(s): 
Yamanaka, Yukio
Yamashita, Tsutomu
Akahane, Ritsu
Muroya, Yasutaka
Publication Title: 
Nihon Ishigaku Zasshi. [Journal of Japanese History of Medicine]

The present paper focuses primarily on a philological and historical study of the Ar?apra?amanis?tra ("The S?tra of the Tranquilization of Hemorrhoids"). This S?tra is one of the Buddhist scriptures that is characterized by the magico-religious treatment of various diseases, especially by means of "healing spells" (skt. dh?ran? or mantra), as shown by the preliminary survey in our penultimate paper "The Tradition of Healing with Magical Spells as Seen in Buddhist Texts," Journal of the Japan Society of Medical History 55/1 (2009), 77-96.

Author(s): 
Yamanaka, Yukio
Yamashita, Tsutomu
Akahane, Ritsu
Muroya, Yasutaka
Publication Title: 
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi (Beijing, China: 1980)

Longrig Dandar, a Mongolian native of Kalak, was born in 1842 and died in 1915. Being a famous Mongolian physician converted to Buddhism when he was a boy, he was proficient in "Five Rig-pa", especially fond of gSo-ba rig-pa with high achievements, and was respected as wonderful physician in Mongolian region. Though he was oppressed when he was young, but was later recommended by XIII Dalai Lama. He was famous in local region.

Author(s): 
Baoyintu, null
Haserdun, null
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Biography

The iconography of the healing Buddha embraces two healing traditions, symbolized by the healing stone lapis lazuli from Central Asia and by the myrobalan fruit from the ayurvedic medicine of ancient India. The first mention of the healing Buddha is in Buddhist texts of the first century BC, and the earliest extant icons date from the fourth century AD. This suggests the cult of the healing Buddha was a relatively late development in the history of Buddhism. Worshippers sought his help in alleviating spiritual, mental and physical suffering, as well as for medical cures.

Author(s): 
Chen, Thomas S. N.
Chen, Peter S. Y.
Publication Title: 
Studies in Family Planning

This study analyzes the involvement of men in abortion in Vietnam, where induced abortion is legal and abortion rates are among the highest in the world. Twenty men were interviewed in 1996 about the role they played in their wives' abortions and about their feelings and ethical views concerning the procedure. The results showed that both husbands and wives considered the husband to be the main decisionmaker regarding family size, which included the decision to have an abortion, but that, in fact, some women had undergone an abortion without consulting their husbands in advance.

Author(s): 
Johansson, A.
Nga, N. T.
Huy, T. Q.
Dat, D. D.
Holmgren, K.

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